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  1. Antonin Scalia. Antonin Gregory Scalia ( / ˌæntənɪn skəˈliːə / ( listen); March 11, 1936 – February 13, 2016) [1] [n 1] was an American jurist who served as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2016. He was described as the intellectual anchor for the originalist and textualist ...

  2. Antonin Scalia, (born March 11, 1936, Trenton, New Jersey, U.S.—died February 13, 2016, Shafter, Texas), associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1986 to 2016, well known for his strong legal conservatism. He was the first Supreme Court justice of Italian ancestry. Education and early career

    • Who Was Antonin Scalia?
    • Background, Education and Family Life
    • Legal Career
    • Supreme Court Justice
    • Dissent Against Affordable Care Act
    • Death

    Antonin Scalia was a lawyer and an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. He was a practicing lawyer in the 1960s, and then worked in public service in the 1970s with roles in President Richard Nixon’s general counsel and as the Assistant Attorney General. In the 1980s he became a part of President Ronald Reagan’s Court of Appeals. In 1986, P...

    Born on March 11, 1936, in Trenton, New Jersey, Antonin Gregory Scalia was the only child of Salvadore Eugene and Catherine Panaro Scalia. His father emigrated from Sicily as a teenager and came through Ellis Island. Salvadore got a college education and became a professor of romance languages at Brooklyn College. Scalia's mother was a first-genera...

    Scalia began his legal career at the law offices of Jones, Day, Cockley & Reavis in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1961. He was highly regarded and would likely have made partner, but like his father, he longed to teach. In 1967, he took a professorial position at the University of Virginia Law School and moved his family to Charlottesville. In 1972, Scalia e...

    As a Supreme Court Justice, Scalia was considered to be one of the more prominent legal thinkers of his generation. It was also through his blunt (some would say scathing) dissents that he earned a reputation as combative and insulting. And yet to many who knew him personally, he was unpretentious, charming and funny. One of his closest friends on ...

    On June 25, 2015, when the Supreme Court handed down a 6 to 3 majority decision in the case of King v. Burwell, upholding a key component of the 2010 Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, Justice Scalia made headlines in voicing his dissent. Justice Scalia called the majority decision which allowed the federal government to provide nationwi...

    On February 13, 2016, 79-year-old Justice Scalia was found dead at a luxury resort in West Texas. He reportedly died of natural causes, with later reports revealing that he had suffered from heart trouble and high blood pressure.

    • Scalia's Early Life and Formative Years
    • His Early Career
    • Academia
    • Supreme Court Nomination
    • Originalism
    • Controversies
    • Personal Life vs. Public Life
    • His Death

    Scalia was born March 11, 1936, in Trenton, New Jersey. He was the only son of Eugene and Catherine Scalia. As a second generation American, he grew up with a strong Italian home life and was raised Roman Catholic. The family moved to Queens when Scalia was a child. He graduated first in his class from St. Francis Xavier, a military prep school in ...

    Scalia's first job out of Harvard was working in commercial law for the international firm of Jones Day. He remained there from 1961 until 1967. The lure of academia drew him to become a law professor at the University of Virginia from 1967 to 1971. He was appointed general counsel of the Office of Telecommunications under the Nixon administration ...

    Scalia left government service upon the election of Jimmy Carter. He returned to academia in 1977 and occupied a number of academic positions until 1982, including resident scholar for the conservative American Enterprise Institute and law professor at Georgetown University Law Center, the University of Chicago School of Law, and Stanford Universit...

    When Chief Justice Warren Burger retired in 1986, President Reagan appointed Justice William Rehnquist to the top spot. Rehnquist's appointment drew all the attention from Congress and the media, and even the Court. Many were pleased, but Democrats strongly opposed his appointment. Scalia was tapped by Reagan to fill the vacancy and he slipped thro...

    Scalia was one of the most well-known Justices and was famous for his combative personality and his judicial philosophy of "originalism" – the idea that the Constitution should be interpreted in terms of what it meant to its original authors. He told CBS in 2008 that his interpretive philosophy is about determining what the words of the Constitutio...

    Scalia's sons, Eugene and John, worked for the firms that represented George W. Bush in the landmark case, Bush v. Gore, which determined the outcome of the 2000 presidential election. Scalia drew fire from liberals for refusing to recuse himself from the case. He was also asked but declined to recuse himself from the case of Hamden v. Rumsfeldin 2...

    After graduating from Georgetown University, Scalia spent a year in Europe as a student at the University of Fribourg in Switzerland. He met Maureen McCarthy, a Radcliffe English student, at Cambridge. In 1960, they married in 1960 and had nine children. Scalia was fiercely protective of his family's privacy throughout his term on the High Court, b...

    Scaliadied on February 13, 2016, at a ranch resort in western Texas. He failed to appear for breakfast one morning and an employee of the ranch went to his room to check on him. Scalia was found in bed, deceased. He was known to have heart trouble, to suffer from diabetes, and he was overweight. His death was declared due to natural causes. But eve...

  3. Armed with his wit, intellectual verve, and originalist philosophy of constitutional interpretation, Antonin Scalia was one of the modern Supreme Court’s most passionate conservative voices. This article was originally published in 2009 and updated in 2017. Brett Curry is Professor of Political Science at Georgia Southern University.

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