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  1. › wiki › AugustusAugustus - Wikipedia

    Augustus. Caesar Augustus (born Gaius Octavius; 23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14), also known as Octavian, was the first Roman emperor; he reigned from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. [a] He is known for being the founder of the Roman Empire, and is considered one of the most successful leaders in human history. [2]

    • 16 January 27 BC – 19 August AD 14
    • Tiberius
    • Augustus, Mark Antony & Lepidus
    • Augustus, Antony & Cleopatra
    • Augustus as Emperor
    • Death

    After Julius Caesar's assassination in March of 44 BCE, Octavian allied himself with Caesar's close friend and relative, Mark Antony. Together with another supporter of Caesar, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, Antony and Octavian formed the Second Triumvirate in October of 43 BCE. Their first order of business seems to have been the systematic killing of a...

    During this time, however, relations between Octavian and Mark Antony began to deteriorate. In 40 BCE, in an effort to solidify their alliance, Octavian had given his sister, Octavia Minor, in marriage to Antony. Antony, though, had allied himself closely with Cleopatra VII of Egypt (the former lover of Julius Caesar and mother of his son Caesarion...

    Popular already with the soldiers of his army, the title Augustus solidified his power in the provinces as Imperator, or commander-in-chief (from which the English word 'emperor' is derived). The month of August was named in his honor. In the year 19 BCE, he was given Imperium Maius (supreme power) over every province in the Roman Empire and, from ...

    Augustus died at Nola in 14 CE. His official last words were, “I found Rome a city of clay but left it a city of marble” which aptly describes Augustus' achievements during his reign as emperor. According to his wife Livia Drusilla and his adopted son Tiberius(r. 14-37 CE), however, his last words were actually, “Have I played the part well? Then a...

    • Joshua J. Mark
    • Content Director
  2. Oct 12, 2022 · Caesar Augustus was born Gaius Octavius in 63 B.C.E. His great-uncle was Julius Caesar, who he fought beside in 47 B.C.E. Augustus impressed his great uncle so much during battle that when Julius Caesar was assassinated in 43 B.C.E., he had appointed Augustus as heir to his political and personal fortune in his will.

  3. September 23, 63 bc. Augustus Photograph by philophilosopher. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, Rogers Fund, 1908 (08.258.47) Augustus, originally named Gaius Octavius, is born in Velitrae, southeast of Rome. His father (who will die in 59 bc) is a Roman senator. His mother is a niece of Julius Caesar.

  4. › topics › ancient-romeAugustus - HISTORY

    Nov 9, 2009 · Augustus married three times, although his first union, to Mark Antony’s stepdaughter Clodia Pulchra, was unconsummated. His second wife, Scribonia, bore his only child, Julia the Elder.

  5. May 20, 2019 · A marble bust of Roman emperor Augustus Caesar. As Rome’s first emperor, Octavian (Augustus Caesar) (63 B.C.–. A.D. 14) is best known for initiating the Pax Romana, a largely peaceful period ...

  6. Apr 24, 2023 · Augustus was one of the great administrative geniuses of history. The gigantic work of reorganization that he carried out in every field of Roman life and throughout the entire empire not only transformed the decaying republic into a new, monarchic regime with many centuries of life ahead of it but also created a durable Roman peace, based on easy communications and flourishing trade.

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