The Auschwitz concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager Auschwitz, Polish: Obóz koncentracyjny Auschwitz) was a complex of over 40 concentration and extermination camps operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II and the Holocaust.
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- A chilling tour of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration campyoutube.com
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- Auschwitz: Genesis of Death Camps. After the start of World War II, Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), the chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, implemented a policy that came to be known as the “Final Solution.”
- Auschwitz: The Largest of the Death Camps. Auschwitz, the largest and arguably the most notorious of all the Nazi death camps, opened in the spring of 1940.
- Auschwitz and Its Subdivisions. At its peak of operation, Auschwitz consisted of several divisions. The original camp, known as Auschwitz I, housed between 15,000 and 20,000 political prisoners.
- Life and Death in Auschwitz. By mid-1942, the majority of those being sent by the Nazis to Auschwitz were Jews. Upon arriving at the camp, detainees were examined by Nazi doctors.
Auschwitz, Nazi Germany’s largest concentration camp and extermination camp. Located near the town of Oswiecim in southern Poland, Auschwitz was actually three camps in one: a prison camp, an extermination camp, and a slave-labor camp. Between 1.1 and 1.5 million people died there; 90 percent of them were Jews.
Auschwitz was the Nazis' largest concentration and extermination camp. It was founded on Himmler's orders on the 27th of April 1940 , close to the small Polish town of Oświęcim. The first inmates - mostly Polish political prisoners - were brought there in June 1940 and were used for slave labour.
- Number of Victims
- Auschwitz I
- Auschwitz II
- Deportations to Auschwitz
- The Prisoner Revolt at Auschwitz
- Auschwitz III
- Auschwitz Subcamps
- Evacuation of Auschwitz and Its Subcamps
- The Liberation of Auschwitz
It is estimated that the SS and police deported at least 1.3 million people to the Auschwitz camp complex between 1940 and 1945. Of these deportees, approximately 1.1 million people were murdered. The best estimates of the number of victims at the Auschwitz camp complex, including the killing center at Auschwitz-Birkenau, between 1940 and 1945 are: 1. Jews (1,095,000 deported to Auschwitz, 960,000 died) 2. Non-Jewish Poles (140,000- 150,000 deported, 74,000 died) 3. Roma (Gypsies) (23,000 dep...
Auschwitz I, the main camp, was the first camp established near Oswiecim. Construction began in April 1940 in an abandoned Polish army barracks in a suburb of the city.SS authorities continuously used prisoners for forced labor to expand the camp. During the first year of the camp’s existence, the SS and police cleared a zone of approximately 40 square kilometers (15.44 square miles) as a “development zone” reserved for the exclusive use of the camp.The first prisoners at Auschwitz included G...
Construction of Auschwitz II, or Auschwitz-Birkenau, began at Brzezinka in October 1941.Of the three camps established near Oswiecim, the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp had the largest total prisoner population. It was divided into ten sections separated by electrified barbed-wire fences. Like Auschwitz I, it was patrolled by SS guards, including—after 1942—SS dog handlers.The camp included sections for women; men; a family camp for Roma (Gypsies) deported from Germany, Austria, and the Protectorate...
Trains arrived at Auschwitz frequently with transports of Jews from virtually every country in Europe occupied by or allied to Germany. These transports arrived from early 1942 to early November 1944. The approximate breakdown of deportations from individual countries: 1. Hungary: 426,000 2. Poland: 300,000 3. France: 69,000 4. Netherlands: 60,000 5. Greece: 55,000 6. Bohemia and Moravia: 46,000 7. Slovakia: 27,000 8. Belgium: 25,000 9. Yugoslavia: 10,000 10. Italy: 7,500 11. Norway: 690 12....
On October 7, 1944, several hundred prisoners assigned to Crematorium IV at Auschwitz-Birkenau rebelled after learning that they were going to be killed. During the uprising, the prisoners killed three guards and blew up the crematorium and adjacent gas chamber. The prisoners used explosives smuggled into the camp by Jewish women who had been assigned to forced labor in a nearby armaments factory.The Germans crushed the revolt and killed almost all of the prisoners involved in the rebellion....
Auschwitz III, also called Buna or Monowitz, was established in October 1942. It housed prisoners assigned to work at the Buna synthetic rubber works, located on the outskirts of the small village of Monowice.In the spring of 1941, German conglomerate I.G. Farben established a factory in which its executives intended to exploit concentration camp labor to manufacture synthetic rubber and fuels. I.G. Farben invested more than 700 million Reichsmarks (about 2.8 million US dollars in 1941 terms)...
Between 1942 and 1944, the SS authorities at Auschwitz established 44 subcamps. Some of them were established within the officially designated “development” zone, including Budy, Rajsko, Tschechowitz, Harmense, and Babitz. Others, such as Blechhammer, Gleiwitz, Althammer, Fürstengrube, Laurahuette, and Eintrachthuette were located in Upper Silesia north and west of the Vistula River. Some subcamps, such as Freudenthal and Bruenn (Brno), were located in Moravia.In general, subcamps that produc...
In mid-January 1945, as Soviet forces approached the Auschwitz concentration camp complex, the SS began evacuating Auschwitz and its subcamps.SS units forced nearly 60,000 prisoners to march west from the Auschwitz camp system. Thousands had been killed in the camps in the days before these death marches began.Tens of thousands of prisoners, mostly Jews, were forced to march either northwest for 55 kilometers (approximately 30 miles) to Gliwice (Gleiwitz) or due west for 63 kilometers (approx...
On January 27, 1945, the Soviet army entered Auschwitz, Birkenau, and Monowitz and liberated more than six thousand prisoners, most of whom were ill and dying.
Mar 30, 2018 · The Auschwitz Concentration Camp ("Auschwitz" is the German spelling of "Oswiecim") quickly became the largest Nazi concentration and death camp. By the time of its liberation, Auschwitz had grown to include three large camps and 45 sub-camps.
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There is no doubt that Auschwitz Concentration Camp was the worst concentration and extermination camp. Auschwitz-Birkenau consisted of 300 different buildings, including barracks and gas chambers with crematoria. Above all, it was a death camp.
Jan 23, 2020 · Below are some of the devastating facts and figures associated with the Auschwitz death camp, which operated in German-occupied Poland from 1940 until its liberation on January 27, 1945.
- Natasha Frost
In just five years, over one million people were murdered at Auschwitz, the largest and deadliest Nazi concentration camp. Auschwitz was established in 1940 and located in the suburbs of Oswiecim ...
- Natalie Colarossi
Jan 27, 2019 · Jan. 27 marks International Holocaust Remembrance Day, commemorating the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp by Soviet forces in WWII. From 1940 to 1945, the Auschwitz-Birkenau complex was the largest of the Nazi death camps, was comprised of three central hubs and dozens of subcamps.