The Black Sea deluge is a hypothesized catastrophic rise in the level of the Black Sea circa 5600 BC due to waters from the Mediterranean Sea breaching a sill in the Bosporus Strait. The hypothesis was headlined when The New York Times published it in December 1996, shortly before it was published in an academic journal.
Turkey has shared data on its Black Sea discovery with U.S. energy majors Chevron and Exxon Mobil ahead of possible cooperation in extracting the gas, a Turkish official with knowledge of the matter told Reuters.
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May 07, 2021 · Black Sea, large inland sea situated at the southeastern extremity of Europe. The roughly oval-shaped sea is connected to the distant waters of the Atlantic Ocean by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, the Dardanelles, the Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. Learn more about the Black Sea in this article.
Jan 23, 2015 · Black Sea: Directed by Kevin Macdonald. With Jude Law, Karl Davies, Llewella Gideon, Jodie Whittaker. In order to make good with his former employers, a submarine captain takes a job with a shadowy backer to search the depths of the Black Sea for a submarine rumored to be loaded with gold.
- Kevin Macdonald
- Jude Law, Scoot Mcnairy, Ben Mendelsohn
- Where Is The Black Sea?
- Origin of The Name
- The Climate of The Black Sea
- Islands in The Black Sea
- Marine Life and Protected Areas
- Brief History
- Human Settlements Along The Black Sea
The Black Sea lies between the continents of Asia and Europe. It is bound to the west by the Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe, to the east by the Caucasus, north by East European Plains, and south by Anatolia of Western Asia. The black Sea drainage basin drains several countries, including the six countries that share its coast. The sea is bordered to the north by Russia and Ukraine , Turkey to the south, Bulgaria to the west, and Georgia to the east. Romania also has an opening to the Black Sea. The Black Sea basin covers an area of approximately 2 million square kilometers and drains 25 countries. The Black Sea has a coastline of approximately 5,800 kilometers, including the Sea of Azov. Russia has the longest coastline on the sea (2,300 km), followed by Turkey (1,329 km) and Ukraine (1,282 km)
In almost all the countries bordering the sea, the name given to the inland water body is an equivalent of the Black Sea. However, in Greece, the sea has historically been referred to as the “Euxine Sea.” But, the name “Black Sea” is the sea’s official name even in a country where alternative names are used. So, why is the sea called “Black?” In antiquity, the Black Sea was simply referred to as “the sea.” However, just before the Greek colonization, the Ancient Greeks named it the “Inhospitable Sea” because its shores were inhabited by hostile tribes, and the sea was also difficult to navigate. However, after the Pontus region was colonized by the Milesians and including it in Greek civilization, the sea was renamed “Hospitable Sea.” There are numerous hypotheses as to why the sea was eventually named “The Black Sea.” One hypothesis is the dark color of the seawater. This dark color forms when dead animal and plant matter and wrecked ship stay underwater for a long time. Due to hig...
The Black Sea region experiences climatic variation due to the North Atlantic Oscillation phenomena over the North Atlantic Ocean. This weather phenomena result from the interaction between the mid-latitude air mass and the North Atlantic Ocean. The relative strength of the North Atlantic oscillation reduces the amount of cold air reaching the northern portion during winter. The coastal areas along with the Black Sea experience marine climate, characterized by warmer days between May and October. The average air temperature over the sea’s central portion in January is 46 degrees Fahrenheit and decreases westwards. In spring, the air temperature rises to 61 degrees Fahrenheit and 74 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. The northwest portion experiences the lowest temperature, falling below -22 degrees Fahrenheit in winter. June, October, and December are the wettest months
There are numerous islands of varying sizes in the Black Sea. The islands are administered by the various countries bordering the sea, including Russia, Bulgaria, Turkey, Romania, and Ukraine. Ukraine has the highest number of Islands in the Black Sea, including the sea’s largest island. The largest island in the Black Sea is Dzharylhach Island in Ukraine. It covers an area of approximately 56 km2and is 42 km long. The island is famous for its mineral springs and sandy beaches. Besides the springs, over 400 small salty lakes are scattered throughout its territory. Dzharylhach has unique flora and fauna that have been preserved. The island and the nearby bay are part of the Dzharylgach National Nature Park. Besides Dzharylgach, other Black Sea islands within Ukraine are Snake Island, Berezan, Nova Zemlia, and Swan Island. The largest Black Sea island within Bulgarian territory is St. Ivan Island, covering an area of about 0.7 km2and located near Sozopol town. The town is separated fr...
The Black Sea has a rich natural heritage as reflected by the active marine ecosystem. Most marine species in the Black Sea are adapted to nutrient-rich, brackish conditions. The sea features several phytoplankton groups, including diatoms, coccolithophores, and dinoflagellates. These phytoplanktons are important food sources for various marine species. The sea and nearby regions are home to various animal species. The Black Sea is a native home to zebra mussel and common carp. It also hosts other fish species, including thornback rays, common stingray, smooth hammerhead, and common thresher. Megafaunas are bottlenose and common dolphins, porpoises, Mediterranean monk seals, beluga whales, and gray seals. However, it is unclear whether great white sharks can access the Black Sea. Human activities, including pollution and settlement along the seashore, has negatively affected its ecology. The activities have led to a significant decline in some species. Dolphins and porpoises are end...
During the post-glacial period, Black Sea water levels were much lower than they are today. The water levels rose after the last glacial period, with the Black Sea filling ahead of the Aegean Sea, whose levels also arose during this period. Other sources indicate that the rise in water level resulted from the Black Sea deluge, which took place around 5600 BC. However, the deluge is just a theory that has been subjected to a lot of debate. The Black Sea was an important waterway in the ancient world. It was at the crossroad of Central Asia, Caucasus, Eurasia steppe, Mesopotamia, the Balkans, and Asia Minor. Greeks began colonizing the Black Sea from the 9th century BC onwards. They established successful trade networks connecting to the Mediterranean Sea. Greek colonies around the Black Sea developed their own culture known today as Pontic.
Table: The 10 most populous settlements along the Black Sea coast. The Black Sea coasts are inhabited by the population from the six bordering countries. The coastal areas host some of the most important cities and towns in the region, including Samsun, Odessa, Istanbul, Sochi, Trabzon, and Burgas. Istanbul is the largest and most populous city along the Black Sea, with a population of 14.3 million people. Samsun, another Turkish city along the sea, has a population of 535,400 people. Constanta is the most populous Romanian city along the Black Sea, with a population of about 492,000 people. The disputed city of Sevastopol has a population of about 380,000 people. Besides human settlement, the coastal areas also host numerous bays, spas, and resorts frequented by tourists.
The Black Sea is a strategic trade corridor that facilitates the movement of goods. It links Eastern Europe to the rest of the world, facilitating trade and commerce. The economic activities directly connected to the Black Sea are shipping, tourism, fisheries, oil, and gas. The sea has up to 30 operating seaports, including 12 in Ukraine. The seaports and bays serve up to 2,500 commercial vessels. Fisheries is a key sector for the Black Sea economy, generating over $350 billion in annual revenue. Fishing is done mainly during winter, with most fish caught between November and December. Besides fish, the Black Sea has oil and natural gas reserves. However, exploration is ongoing, with major international companies involved in hydrocarbon exploration. So far, only 20 oil wells have been dug.
- John Misachi
- 3 min
- Geography and Location: Where is the Black Sea located? Spread across an area of 436,400 km2, the Black is located in Eurasia, surrounded by Europe, Caucasus and Anatolia.
- The Name: Why is the Black Sea called Black sea? One of the best and little known Black Sea facts is the origin of its name, which remains unclear. There are various theories as to how this sea got to be called by this particular name.
- Anoxic water: Is there any life in the Black Sea? One of the most intriguing facts about the Black Sea is its anoxic water. Precisely, there is a significant absence of oxygen in the water.
- Maritime History: the Landing Point of the Noah’s Ark? According to a number of marine geologists, the Black Sea was a freshwater lake around 7,000 years ago before a rise of water in the Mediterranean Sea caused the entry of saltwater into the lake.
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Black Sea may not be particularly deep, but thanks to Kevin Macdonald's judicious direction and a magnetic performance from Jude Law, it remains an efficiently well-crafted thriller. Read critic ...
- adventure, mystery & thriller
- It’s the world’s largest inland body of water. The Black Sea covers a whopping 163,000 square miles, which is more than the entire state of California.
- It’s also the world’s largest meromictic basin. A meromictic lake is one that has layers of water that don’t mix together. Regular holomictic lakes, on the other hand, experience at least one period per year in which the surface waters mix in with the deep waters.
- The lower levels are nearly biologically dead. One of the fascinating features of the Black Sea is its lack of oxygen, which is the necessary element for life.
- It’s mentioned in Greek mythology. Deemed the “Pontus Axeinus,” which translates to “Inhospitable Sea,” this body of water is referenced in many ancient myths.
- related to: Black Sea