Bona Sforza d’Aragona (2 February 1494 – 19 November 1557) was Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania as the second wife of Sigismund I the Old, and Duchess of Bari and Rossano by her own right. She was a surviving member of the powerful House of Sforza, which ruled the Duchy of Milan since 1447.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bona_Sforza
Bona Sforza d’Aragona (2 February 1494 – 19 November 1557) was Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania as the second wife of Sigismund I the Old, and Duchess of Bari and Rossano by her own right. She was a surviving member of the powerful House of Sforza, which ruled the Duchy of Milan since 1447.
May 23, 2016 · Bona Sforza was known to be a typical Italian beauty but many of the paintings depicting her were usually by her enemies, so she was often portrayed as a fat and unattractive woman. Many Polish people hoped that she would be remembered as a negative character in the story of the two last kings of the Jagiellon Dynasty.
- Natalia Klimczak
- Early Years
- Queen of Poland
- See Also
Childhood in Milan and Bari
Bona was the third of the four children of Gian Galeazzo Sforza and his wife Isabella of Naples. Gian Galeazzo was the legal heir to the Duchy of Milan, but his uncle and regent Ludovico Sforza, known to history as "Il Moro", usurped the power. The couple was sent to live at the Castello Visconteo in Pavia, where Gian Galeazzo died in 1494. Rumors spread that he was poisoned by Ludovico. The family moved to the Sforza Castle in Milan, where they lived under the watchful eye of Ludovico. He wa...
When the House of Sforza was restored to the Duchy of Milan in 1512, Isabella hoped to wed Bona and Duke Maximilian Sforza thereby providing further legitimacy to Maximilian's reign. There were other proposals as well: Spanish King Ferdinand II of Aragon proposed Giuliano de' Medici, brother of Pope Leo X; Isabella counter-proposed Ferdinand's ten-year-old grandson Ferdinand of Habsburg who was expected to inherit the Spanish throne; Pope Leo X proposed Philippe who would succeed to the Duchy...
Bona was energetic, even hot-tempered, while Sigismund was much calmer and passive. From the beginning, Bona became involved in various state affairs, which did not agree with the traditional ideal of a royal wife – obedient, devoted to husband and children. Bona and Sigismund disagreed on many domestic and foreign issues and were known to have arguments, but the marriage did not collapse. Bona did not travel with her husband – from the first four and a half years of marriage, she spent three...
Almost from the beginning of her life in Poland, Queen Bona tried to gain a strong political position and began forming a circle of supporters. On 23 January 1519, Pope Leo X, whom she had friendly relationship with from her Italian days, granted her the privilege of awarding eight benefices in five Polish cathedrals (Kraków, Gniezno, Poznań, Włocławek, and Frombork). In May 1519, the privilege was expanded to fifteen benefices. This was a very important privilege that allowed Bona to secure...
In foreign policy, she was a fierce opponent of the Habsburgs and a supporter of a closer alliance with Kingdom of France. After the Louis II of Hungary was killed at Mohacs in 1526, she supported John Zápolya as successor against Ferdinand of Habsburg. Bona also sought to maintain good relations with the Ottoman Empire and had contacts with Roxelana, chief consort and wife of Suleiman the Magnificent. Bona also advocated attaching Silesia to the Polish Crown in return for her hereditary prin...
On the 1 April 1548, Sigismund I the Olddied, leaving Bona a widow. Their son succeeded him. After the death of the King, Bona moved to Masovia and stayed there for eight years before moving back to her native Bari. A year after returning to the Duchy of Bari, Bona Sforza was poisoned by her trusted officer, Gian Lorenzo Pappacoda. Pappacoda was acting on behalf of King Philip II of Spain, who wished to avoid repaying his sizable debts to the Polish-Lithuanian queen. She was buried in St. Nicholas' Basilica in Bari, where her daughter Annahad a tomb made in the current Renaissance style for her remains.
Bona and Sigismund I the Oldhad six children: 1. Isabella (18 January 1519 – 15 September 1559), married John Zápolya, King of Hungary (Eastern Kingdom) 2. Sigismund II Augustus (1 August 1520 – 7 July 1572), King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania 3. Sophia (13 July 1522 – 28 May 1575), married Henry V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 4. Anna (18 October 1523 – 9 September 1596), Queen of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (in her own right); married Stephen Báthory 5. Catherine (1 November 1526 – 16 September 1583), married John III of Sweden 6. Wojciech Olbracht (born and died 20 September 1527)List of Polish rulersPolish cuisineChicken War- the article contains an image of a triumphant Bona
- (1494-02-02)2 February 1494 Vigevano, Italy
- Sigismund I of Poland
May 22, 2020 · Bona Sforza was not a Polish lady, but an Italian lady, and one who by marriage became Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania. She was a consort who had quite an impact. Those familiar with the tumultuous political history of Renaissance Italy will recognize the Sforza family name, a powerhouse in Milan and a long-time force in Italian ...
May 26, 2019 · Bona Sforza (1494-1557) Medieval and early modern queenship is a fascinating area of historical research. In European history, it focuses on such famous queens as Eleanor of Aquitaine (of France and later of England), Catherine de’ Medici of France, or Elizabeth I of England.
Dec 22, 2011 · Bona Sforza was born on February 2, 1494 the third child out of four of Gian Galeazzo Sforza (sixth Duke of Milan) and his wife Isabella of Naples (daughter of King Alfonso II) -thought by some to be the inspiration for the Mona Lisa.
Bona Sforza, född 2 februari 1494 i Vigevano, Italien, död 19 november 1557, var en drottning av Polen och storfurstinna av Litauen som gift med Sigismund I:s av Polen.Hon var formellt regerande hertiginna av Bari och prinsessa av Rossano mellan 1524 och 1557, och innehade rätten till ätten Briennes arvsrätt på tronen i kungadömet Jerusalem.
The House of Sforza (pronounced ) was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy, based in Milan.They acquired the Duchy of Milan following the extinction of the Visconti family in the mid-15th century, Sforza rule ending in Milan with the death of the last member of the family's main branch in 1535.
Bona Sforza d’Aragona (ur.2 lutego 1494 w Vigevano, zm. 19 listopada 1557 w Bari) – od 1518 królowa Polski i wielka księżna litewska, księżna Rusi, Prus i Mazowsza itd., księżna Bari i Rosano, spadkobierczyni pretensji do Królestwa Jerozolimy od 1524.
Bona Sforza d’Aragona (1494 m. vasario 2 d. Vidževanas, Italija – 1557 m. lapkričio 19 d. Baris, Italija) – Lenkijos karalienė ir Didžioji Lietuvos kunigaikštienė (nuo 1518 m.). Žygimanto Senojo žmona, Žygimanto Augusto motina.