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  1. Carl Linnaeus - Wikipedia › wiki › Carl_Linnaeus

    Carl Linnaeus (/ l ɪ ˈ n iː ə s, l ɪ ˈ n eɪ ə s /; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈkɑːɭ fɔn lɪˈneː] ()), was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, taxonomist, and physician who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms.

  2. Carl Linnaeus - University of California Museum of Paleontology › history › linnaeus

    Carl Linnaeus. C arl L innaeus (1707-1778) Carl Linnaeus, also known as Carl von Linné or Carolus Linnaeus, is often called the Father of Taxonomy. His system for naming, ranking, and classifying organisms is still in wide use today (with many changes). His ideas on classification have influenced generations of biologists during and after his ...

  3. Who was Linnaeus? | The Linnean Society › learning › who-was-linnaeus

    Carl Linnaeus came up with the 'binomial' naming system, which means two names. Every species is known by two names - we are Homo sapiens (meaning human thinking, or wise). Visit our Special Species page to create your own binomial and imagine what characteristics your new lifeform might have (and why!).

  4. Carolus Linnaeus | Biography, Education, Classification ... › biography › Carolus-Linnaeus

    Carolus Linnaeus, also called Carl Linnaeus, Swedish Carl von Linné, (born May 23, 1707, Råshult, Småland, Sweden—died January 10, 1778, Uppsala), Swedish naturalist and explorer who was the first to frame principles for defining natural genera and species of organisms and to create a uniform system for naming them (binomial nomenclature).

  5. Carolus Linnaeus - An Evolution Biography › about-carolus-linnaeus-1224834
    • Early Life and Education
    • Professional Achievements in Taxonomy
    • Personal Life

    Born May 23, 1707 - Died January 10, 1778 Carl Nilsson Linnaeus (Latin pen name: Carolus Linnaeus) was born on May 23, 1707 in Smaland, Sweden. He was the first born to Christina Brodersonia and Nils Ingemarsson Linnaeus. His father was a Lutheran minister and his mother was the daughter of the rector of Stenbrohult. In his spare time, Nils Linnaeus spent time gardening and teaching Carl about plants.

    Carolus Linnaeus is best known for his innovative classification system called taxonomy. He published Systema Naturaein 1735, in which he outlined his way of classifying plants. The classification system was primarily based on his expertise of plant sexuality, but it was met with mixed reviews from traditional botanists of the time. Linnaeus' desire to have a universal naming system for living things led him to the use of binomial nomenclature to organize the botanical collection at Uppsala University. He renamed many plants and animals in the two-word Latin system to make scientific names shorter and more accurate. His Systema Naturaewent through many revisions over time and came to include all living things. In the beginning of Linnaeus' career, he thought species were permanent and unchangeable, as was taught to him by his religious father. However, the more he studied and classified plants, he began to see the changes of species through hybridization. Eventually, he admitted tha...

    In 1738, Carl became engaged to Sara Elisabeth Moraea. He did not have enough money to marry her right away, so he moved to Stockholm to become a physician. A year later when finances were in order, they married and soon Carl became a professor of medicineat Uppsala University. He would later switch to teach botany and natural history instead. Carl and Sara Elisabeth ended up having a total of two sons and 5 daughters, one of whom died in infancy. Linnaeus' love of botany led him to buy several farms in the area over time where he would go to escape the city life every chance he got. His later years were filled with illness, and after two strokes, Carl Linnaeus died on January 10, 1778.

  6. Carolus Linnaeus - Biography, Facts and Pictures › carolus-linnaeus
    • Lapland, New Species, Classifying and Naming Plants. In the winter of 1730/31 Linnaeus continued working hard on botany in Uppsala. In particular, he had grown dissatisfied with the way plant species were classified.
    • The Netherlands and a Medical Doctorate. In 1735, aged 28, Linnaeus traveled to the University of Harderwijk in the Netherlands to get a doctoral level degree in medicine.
    • Systema Naturae. In the Netherlands Linnaeus met Johan Frederik Gronovius, a Dutch botanist. He showed Gronovius his recent writings on the classification and naming of plants.
    • Physician and President of the Royal Swedish Academy of Science. Linnaeus returned to Sweden in 1738, becoming a physician in the nation’s capital city, Stockholm.
  7. Carl Linnaeus - › carl-linnaeus
    • The Little Botanist Who Skipped Classes
    • The Student Who Was Appointed Lecturer
    • Physician, Husband, and Professor
    • Linnaean Classification System
    • Linnaeus Was A Creationist
    • Conclusion

    Carl was born in Råshult in the south of Sweden in 1707. His father, Nils, was a Lutheran pastor and liked to converse in Latin, so it is said that Carl learned Latin before he learned Swedish. Nils, an avid gardener, used to decorate baby Carl’s crib with blossoms and give him flowers to play with. When the lad was four, Nils began teaching him the Latin names of plants. This was no small memory task for Carl, e.g. the humble tomato was called Solanum caule inermi herbaceo, folis pinnatis incisis, racemis simplicibus.3 One day Nils told Carl that “he would not tell him any more names if he continued to forget them. After that the boy gave his whole mind to remembering them. This passion for names remained with him till the end of his life.”4 At school, eight years old and bored, Carl would sometimes skip classes to go and hunt for wild flowers; his fellow students dubbed him ‘the little botanist’. He did poorly at his lessons, until a friendly doctor suggested he should become a do...

    In 1728, he was a student at Uppsala University. Here the professor of theology was Dr Olof Celsius, who was also a botanist, and the uncle of the Anders Celsius who invented the temperature scale we use today, as modified by Linnaeus.5 Olof happened to meet Linnaeus in the university garden and was surprised that he knew the long Latin names of all the plants there. He became Linnaeus’s benefactor, offering him a place to live and the use of his library. In 1729, Linnaeus handed him a thesis on pollination in plants that explained the role of the stamen (male part) and pistil (female part) in the formation of seeds, with pollen the sperm, seeds the ova, etc.6 Although all this was scientifically correct,7 Linnaeus expounded it in colourful, anthropomorphic terms. Sample: “Love comes even to the plants. Males and females, even the hermaphrodites, hold their nuptials … . The actual petals of a flower contribute nothing to generation, serving only as a bridal bed which the great Creat...

    In 1735, in Holland, he quickly received his medical degree at the University of Harderwijk, with a thesis that he had written in Sweden on ‘A new hypothesis as to the cause of intermittent fevers’.9 He theorized that the cause was living on clay soil.10 He was now 28 and entitled to practise as a medical doctor. In 1739, he was appointed Physician to the Swedish Admiralty. He also became the first President of the newly established Swedish Academy of Science.11Now earning enough to support a family, he married his fiancée, Sara Lisa Moraea. They produced seven children. In 1741, Linnaeus was appointed Professor of Medicine at the University of Uppsala, but he exchanged places with another professor and so became responsible for botany and natural history instead. He often held lectures in the university garden, using the plants to illustrate aspects of botany. He called his best students his ‘apostles’ and sent them on journeys of exploration around the world. One, David Solander,...

    In 1735, the first edition of his Systema Naturae (The System of Nature) was published.15It presented three kingdoms of nature: stones (or minerals), plants, and animals, with the latter two subdivided into classes, orders, genera, species, and varieties. The tenth edition, published in 1758, had animals assigned with binomial names, and is considered the beginning of zoological nomenclature. It covered about 4,400 species of animals. The first edition of his Species Plantarum (The Species of Plants), published in 1753, is considered the beginning of all formal botanical taxonomy. It covered about 7,700 then known plants. In the Linnaean binomial (‘two-name’) classification, the first word describes the genus and is the same for every species within that genus; the second defines the individual species.16 For example, the dog is Canis familiaris. Canis is the genus or group for dogs, wolves, coyotes, and jackals, and familiaris identifies the domestic dog. Note: for all these animal...

    Linnaeus believed that he was God’s chosen instrument for revealing in a precise way the divinely ordered works of Creation. His writings have many references to God as Creator, E.g. in the preface to a late edition of his Systema Naturae he wrote: “Finis creationis telluris est gloria Dei ex opere Naturae per Hominem solum.” (The end of the Earth’s creation is the glory of God, as seen from the works of Nature by man alone.) As a creationist he initially shared the then prevalent view that each species had originally been specially created by God. He wrote: “There are as many species as the Infinite Being produced diverse forms in the beginning.”19 In the course of his studies he encountered hybridization, and came to realize (correctly) that the created kinds could include similar species, and even new genera. Today the Oxford Dictionary defines ‘species’ as “a group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding”. In creationist...

    Linnaeus set out to examine and classify every thing in nature, and to establish their place in his system, showing the orderliness of God’s creation. His worldview, which atheists and evolutionists today would do well to ponder, was: “Theologically, man is to be understood as the final purpose of the creation; placed on the globe as the masterpiece of the works of Omnipotence, contemplating the world by virtue of sapient reason, forming conclusions by means of his senses, it is in His works that man recognizes the almighty Creator, the all-knowing, immeasurable and eternal God, learning to live morally under His rule, convinced of the complete justice of His Nemesis.”23

  8. Carl Linnaeus | Botanist who categorised all living organisms ... › people › carl-linnaeus

    Carl Linnaeus. 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778. The father of modern taxonomy. Swedish botanist Carl (or Carolus) Linnaeus is, by some measures, the most influential person ever to have lived. He ...

  9. Linnaeus and Race | The Linnean Society › learning › who-was-linnaeus

    Linnaeus’ work on the classification of man forms one of the 18th-century roots of modern scientific racism. This page aims to look at Linnaeus’ works in detail, both printed and in manuscript, to trace the development of an idea which became fundamental in the history of anthropology and has had devastating and far-reaching consequences for humanity, including the dehumanisation of non ...

  10. Facts about Carl Linnaeus for Kids › carl-linnaeus

    Carl Linnaeus was born in Sweden in 1707. His father was a Lutheran minister and an avid gardener. Carl inherited his father’s love of plants. As a young child, his parents would offer him a flower when he was upset. The flowers seemed to calm him. Carl’s father taught him at home until he was 11. He learned Latin, geography, and religion.

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