Carl Linnaeus (/ l ɪ ˈ n iː ə s, l ɪ ˈ n eɪ ə s /; 23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linné (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈkɑːɭ fɔn lɪˈneː] ()), was a Swedish botanist, zoologist, taxonomist, and physician who formalised binomial nomenclature, the modern system of naming organisms.
When Carl the Younger died five years later with no heirs, his mother and sisters sold the elder Linnaeus's library, manuscripts, and natural history collections to the English natural historian Sir James Edward Smith, who founded the Linnean Society of London to take care of them.
Carl Linnaeus, often known by the Latin form of his name as Carolus Linnaeus, is the father of modern biological classification systems. Born into a small parsonage in the southern tip of his country at the dawn of the Renaissance, Carl was given a thorough home school education by his father.
the particular form of biological classification (taxonomy) set up by Carl Linnaeus, as set forth in his Systema Naturae (1735) and subsequent works. In the taxonomy of Linnaeus there are three kingdoms, divided into classes , and they, in turn, into orders , genera (singular: genus ), and species (singular: species ),  with an additional ...
A manuscript of Linnaeus’ son (also called Carl Linnaeus, the Younger), consisting of notes taken when Carl the Younger was following his father’s lectures in the mid-1750s as a young boy, shows how Linnaeus was teaching the classification of man to his students.
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Ten such children are mentioned by Carl Linneaus in his Sysfem of Natwe published in 1735, and are included by Linnaeus under his sub- division of Homo Sapiens which he called Homo Ferus (Wild Man). One of the defining characteristics of Homo Ferus. according to Lin- naeus. was his inability to speak.
Renowned Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707-78) dedicated the genus to two of his predecessors at the University of Uppsala, Olaus and Olof Rudbeck. Hirta means “rough” or “hairy” in Latin. Photo: Sean Fitzgerald