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  1. Caterina Sforza (1463 – 28 May 1509) was an Italian noblewoman, the Countess of Forlì and Lady of Imola, firstly with her husband Girolamo Riario, and after his death as a regent of her son Ottaviano.

    Caterina Sforza - Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caterina_Sforza
  2. Caterina Sforza - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caterina_Sforza

    Caterina Sforza (1463 – 28 May 1509) was an Italian noblewoman, the Countess of Forlì and Lady of Imola, firstly with her husband Girolamo Riario, and after his death as a regent of her son Ottaviano.

  3. Caterina Sforza | Assassin's Creed Wiki | Fandom

    assassinscreed.fandom.com/wiki/Caterina_Sforza
    • Overview
    • Biography
    • Personality and characteristics

    Caterina Sforza (1463 – 1509) was the Countess of Forlì and Imola, and the daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, the Duke of Milan. She was engaged to Pope Sixtus IV's nephew, Girolamo Riario, at only 10 years of age, and consummated the marriage at 14. As countess of Forlì, she became a strong ally of the Assassin Order, meeting the Assassin Ezio Auditore da Firenze after her husband Girolamo had her trapped on a small island in Romagna. Eight years later, Caterina had her husband killed...

    Caterina was born in Milan, as the daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza and Lucrezia Landriani. Raised in the Milanese court, she received a classical education and was trained in the art of war by her father. At this time, she also acquired a passion for alchemy and hunting.

    Close to the departure of Leonardo da Vinci from Forlì, Caterina was also in the town, and had been trapped on a small rock in the middle of a lake. Luckily for her, Ezio Auditore heard her screaming for help, and came to her aid with a gondola, delivering her safely back ...

    In 1484, Pope Sixtus died. Looters sacked Rome, and Caterina's residence was destroyed. Despite being seven months pregnant, she rode to the Castel Sant'Angelo and defended the Vatican with cannon fire and soldiers. Later that year, Caterina moved with her family to Forlì ...

    Caterina Sforza was a strong and fierce woman, ready to take on any threat she encountered. She was capable of leading an army into battle, and was both bold and a skilled strategist. Her aggressive attitude, especially her colorful vocabulary, gained her both the respect and the fear of the men she commanded.

    • 1463 Milan, Duchy of Milan
    • Cristina Rosato
    • Human
  4. The life of Caterina Sforza, warrior woman of Renaissance Italy

    www.nationalgeographic.com/.../05-06/caterina-sforza

    Mar 15, 2019 · 1463 Caterina Sforza is born, the illegitimate daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, future Duke of Milan, and his lover, Lucrezia Landriani. 1484 Caterina defends the interests of her husband...

    • Caterina Sforza | I m A Survivor (+3x05)
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    • Caterina Sforza and Girolamo Riario l Devil Within (3x05)
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  5. Caterina Sforza Biography - Facts, Childhood, Family Life ...

    www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/caterina-sforza...

    Caterina Sforza was the Countess of Forlì and the Lady of Imola. Sforza governed Imola firstly with her husband Girolamo Riario, and following his death as a regent of her minor son, Ottaviano Riario. She was known to be a fierce woman who did not limit herself to live within the royal walls and seek a comfortable lifestyle.

  6. Sforza, Caterina (c. 1462–1509) | Encyclopedia.com

    www.encyclopedia.com/.../sforza-caterina-c-1462-1509

    Caterina was very like her grandfather, Francesco Sforza (1401–1466), who seized power as the duke of Milan in the mid-15th century. He was the ideal Renaissance soldier: tall, handsome, athletic, a capable warrior and a skilled strategist. His oldest son, Galeazzo Maria, was a wild youth with a strain of cruelty in his nature.

  7. 46 Fierce Facts About Caterina Sforza, The Tigress Of The ...

    www.factinate.com/people/facts-caterina-sforza
    • Born This Way. Sforza was born in Milan in 1463 to Galeazzo Maria Sforza and his mistress, Lucrezia Landriani. When her father became Duke of Milan in 1466, he brought his children to the court.
    • Cool Grandma. In the Milanese court, the family received a “humanistic” education. However, Sforza’s grandmother also trained her in decidedly cooler pursuits, like the art of diplomacy and even how to wield a weapon.
    • A Doer, Not a Dreamer. Sforza wasn’t a huge fan of her academic schooling. She did, however display exceptional prowess in all activities that challenged her physically.
    • First Marriage. Sforza was barely 10 years old when she got betrothed to Girolamo Riario, who was 29 at the time. Riaro was harsh and immoral, but Sforza’s family considered him a proper match because of his good qualities, like the fact that his uncle was the Pope Sixtus IV and…well, that’s pretty much his only good quality.
  8. Caterina Sforza — Badass of the Week

    www.badassoftheweek.com/sforza

    Caterina Sforza was an ultra-tough, mean-ass tyrannical ruler who dominated faces in the 15th century, refused to back down from any challenge no matter how impossible, never registered fear, and went out of her way to ensure that everyone who crossed her wound up suffering slow, excruciating and horrific deaths by her vengeful hands.

  9. Caterina Sforza: A Renaissance Warrior Woman That Knew How to ...

    www.ancient-origins.net/history-famous-people/...
    • A Noble Upbringing
    • Caterina’s First Marriage and Her Rise to Power
    • Caterina’s Revenge on Riario’S Assassins
    • A Second Marriage and Caterina’s Rule
    • The Third Marriage and Caterina’s Downfall

    Born in 1463 in Milan, Caterina Sforza was the illegitimate daughter of the supposedly cruel, lustful, and tyrannical Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan, and his mistress Lucrezia Landriani. At the age of four the Duke accepted his daughter and took her into his home to raise her alongside his other children. Caterina was most likely acknowledged by her father because noble children were often useful tools for politically advantageous marriages as they grew. Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan and Caterina’s father. (1471) ( Public Domain ) Thanks to Caterina’s stepmother, Bona of Savoy, she received a proper education for the period and was brought up in the Milanese Court. Caterina was a tall, slim, blonde, and attractive girl, and at the age of ten she was already engaged to Girolamo Riario. By the time she was 14 years old she was seen as ready to leave her father’s home and confirmed her marriage to Riario.

    Girolamo Riario was 29 years old when he betrothed Caterina. Numerous sources say that he was cruel, cowardly, and rather lusty, but his status as the nephew of Pope Sixtus IV made him an adequate choice as Caterina’s husband. Even though it is unlikely that Caterina loved her husband, she bore him eight children (six of which survived childhood). Pope Sixtus IV with his courtiers and nephews. (1477) Girolamo Riario is the figure in blue, second from the left. ( Public Domain ) In 1477, Caterina joined her husband in Rome and she was named the countess of Forlì in 1481. When Pope Sixtus IV died in 1784 there was turmoil in Rome and one of Riario’s residences was looted and almost destroyed. Caterina was upset with the happenings in Rome and wanted to oversee the conclave’s actions herself, so she seized control of Castel Sant' Angelo in Rome – she was 21 years old and seven months pregnant at the time. 1. Tomoe Gozen - A fearsome Japanese Female Warrior of the 12th Century 2. Bloody...

    However, before Caterina was taken captive she had informed her uncle in Milan of her impending problems and told him that he must inform Tommaso Feo, her castellan, that the castle was not to be given to the conspirators under any circumstances. Soon after, the conspirators took Caterina to the castle and they told Tommaso Feo that he must surrender. Feo answered that the Orsi brothers would do nothing against Caterina for they feared the retaliation of Caterina’s brother, the current Duke of Milan. When the group returned to the castle a second time, Caterina tricked her captors into allowing her to enter the castle under the pretext that she would talk Tommaso Feo into submitting to their demands. As the abductors still maintained control over Caterina’s children, they accepted. Ravaldino fortress, Forlì , Italy. The Ravaldino was one of the fortresses where Caterina Sforza battled her enemies. ( CC BY SA 3.0 ) Once inside, Caterina told the conspirators that there was no chance...

    Following Girolamo Riario’s death, Caterina was made the regent of their oldest son, Ottaviano. She soon took advantage of this position and even after the boy came to age, she continued to rule in his place. She embarked on several successful military and political ventures, including marriage negotiations and gifts, with neighboring states. A woman many believe was Caterina Sforza in Botticelli’s ‘The Three Graces.’ Some scholars have argued that Caterina Sforza’s influence extended past the political and military realms and she was the muse for many paintings of artists at the time. ( Public Domain ) Regarding her personal life, Caterina fell in love and took Tommaso’s younger brother, Giacomo (who was 20 years old), as her second husband. Their marriage was not fated to last however, as Giacomo rose to power and became a tyrant as well. He shared a fate similar to Caterina’s first husband and was assassinated by conspirators (which may have included members of Caterina’s own fam...

    In 1496, Caterina fell in love again – this time with Giovanni di Pierfrancesco de Medici. Upon receiving approval from her uncle and children, the couple were married in 1497. In 1498 Caterina gave birth to her last son, Giovanni delle Bande Nere. Her third husband soon passed away as well – this time of natural causes. A man identified as Giovanni di Pierfrancesco de Medici, Caterina’s third husband. ( Public Domain ) In the political realm, Caterina continued her control of Forlì and Imola and intended to remain neutral for many years while being stuck between the battles of the Duchy of Milan and the Kingdom of Naples. In 1499, Niccolò Machiavelli came to Forlì to negotiate the military contract with Florence and later wrote about the impressive woman he saw in Caterina Sforza and her defense against the attacks on her fortress. 1499 also saw the beginning of Caterina’s end, as she was overtaken by an attack led by Cesare Borgia. Sending her children and riches to Florence for s...

    • Alicia Mcdermott
  10. Caterina Sforza - Wikipedia

    it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caterina_Sforza

    Caterina Sforza (Milano, 1463 circa – Firenze, 28 maggio 1509) fu signora di Imola e contessa di Forlì, prima con il marito Girolamo Riario, poi come reggente per il figlio primogenito Ottaviano Riario.

  11. Caterina Sforza – Wikipedia

    de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caterina_Sforza
    • Herkunft
    • Kindheit und Jugend
    • Biographie
    • Vorgeschichte
    • Auswirkungen
    • Tod
    • Familie
    • Kritik

    Caterina Sforza stammte aus dem Geschlecht der Sforza,einer der großen italienischen Familien der Renaissance, die von 1450 bis 1535 (mit Unterbrechungen) als Herzöge von Mailand regierte. Caterina war eine Enkelin von Francesco I. Sforza (* 1401, 1466), dem ersten Herzog von Mailand (14501466) aus dem Haus Sforza und eine außereheliche Tochter von dessen ältesten Sohn und Nachfolger, Galeazzo Maria Sforza (* 1444, 1476), Herzog von Mailand (14661476) aus dessen Beziehung zu Lukrezia Landriano.[1] Caterina hatte noch drei leibliche Geschwister, Carlo (1461), Alessandro (1465) und Chiara (1467), sowie etliche Halbgeschwister sowohl aus den Beziehungen und der späteren Ehe ihres Vaters als auch aus der Ehe ihrer Mutter.

    Caterina und ihre Geschwister wuchsen zusammen mit ihren legitimen Geschwistern im herzöglichen Palast auf und wurden von ihrer Großmutter, Bianca Maria Visconti, erzogen. Diese Aufgabe übernahm nach deren Tod 1468 Bona von Savoyen, die junge Ehefrau von Galeazzo Maria Sforza.

    Riario gelang es mittels einer Reihe von Verbrechen, die seine Frau später ihm anlastete, ein großes Vermögen anzuhäufen. Als Papst Sixtus IV. im August 1484 starb, sandte er Caterina nach Rom, um das Kastell SantAngelo (die Engelsburg) zu besetzen, das sie galant verteidigte, bis sie es am 25. Oktober auf seinen Befehl hin dem Heiligen Kollegium übergab. Anschließend kehrte sie in ihre Besitzungen Imola und Forlì zurück, wo sie die Zuneigung des Volkes durch den Bau öffentlicher Gebäude und Kirchen und durch die Abschaffung von Steuern zu gewinnen suchte. Der Bedarf an finanziellen Mitteln zwang sie jedoch bald, die Steuern wieder zu erheben, was Unzufriedenheit erzeugte. Riarios Feinde verschworen sich gegen ihn, mit dem Ziel an seine Stelle Franceschetto Cibo, den Neffen des Papstes Innozenz VIII. zum Herrn von Forlì und Imola zu machen. Riario begann daraufhin mit systematischer Verfolgung, in die auch Caterina verwickelt wurde, die er entgegen der Meinung aller anderen des Verrats verdächtigte. 1488 wurde er von drei Verschwörern ermordet, sein Palast geplündert, seine Frau und seine Kinder wurden gefangen genommen. Als ihr die Flucht gelang, rettete sie sich in die loyal gebliebene Burg von Forlì. Sie soll bei der Verteidigung der Burg selbst mit gekämpft und sich hier wie auch bei früheren Gelegenheiten als gute Fechterin erwiesen haben. Sie drohte auch die Bombardierung der Stadt an und weigerte sich, zu Verhandlungen zu kommen, sogar als man ihr androht, dass andernfalls ihre Kinder getötet würden. Aus Berichten geht hervor, dass sie auf der Burgmauer stand, als man ihr die Kinder zeigte und ihnen einen Dolch an die Kehle hielt. Dabei soll sie ihre Röcke gehoben und den Belagerern erklärt haben, dass sie jederzeit weitere Kinder haben könne, um so deutlich zu machen, wie wenig mit einer derartigen Drohung bei ihr erreicht wurde. Mit Hilfe ihres Onkels Ludovico Sforza, des Regenten Mailands, war sie in der Lage, ihre Gegner zu schlagen und ihre Besitzungen wieder an sich zu nehmen. Sie übte Rache an ihren Feinden und richtete ihre Macht wieder auf.

    Mit dem neuen Papst, Alexander VI. stand sie zunächst in guten Beziehungen, ebenso mit den Florentinern, deren Botschafter Giovanni de Medici sie 1496 heimlich heiratete. Nach dem Tod Giovannis 1498 gelang es Caterina erneut, jetzt mit Hilfe Ludovicos und der Florentiner, alle Angriffe, vor allem die der Venezianer, auf ihre Ländereien abzuwehren. Alexander VI. hingegen, der sich über die Weigerung geärgert hatte, einer Union mit seiner Tochter Lucrezia Borgia und deren Sohn Ottaviano zuzustimmen, und der von Caterina Länder für seinen Sohn Cesare Borgia begehrte, ebenso wie den Rest der Romagna, gab am 9. März 1499 eine Bulle heraus, in der erklärt wurde, dass die Familie Riario die Herrschaft über Imola und Forlì verwirkt habe, und die Herrschaften Cesare Borgia zu Lehen gegeben seien. Letzterer begann daraufhin einen Feldzug, um Caterina Sforzas Land zu erobern und griff sie mit seiner gesamten Armee, um 14.000 Franzosen verstärkt, an.

    Caterina brachte ihre Kinder in Sicherheit und ergriff energische Verteidigungsmaßnahmen. Die Burg von Imola wurde von ihrem Anhänger Dionigi Naldi von Brisighella verteidigt, bis der Widerstand sinnlos geworden war, und danach, im Dezember 1499, übergeben. Caterina löste die Einwohner Forlìs von ihrem Lehnseid und verteidigte sich selbst in der Zitadelle. Sie schlug wiederholt die Angriffe Borgias zurück und seine Friedensangebote ab. Als die Situation schließlich unhaltbar geworden und es auch nicht gelungen war, das Pulvermagazin in die Luft zu sprengen, gab sie nach verlustreichem Abwehrkampf auf; aus Angst vor Cesare Borgia unterwarf sie sich dem Anführer der französischen Truppen am 12. Januar 1500. Zwar wurde ihr Leben geschont, aber sie wurde als Gefangene des französischen Königs in die Obhut des Papstes übergeben und ein Jahr in der Engelsburg in Rom gefangen gehalten, bis sie vom französischen Befehlshaber Yves d'Allègre befreit wurde, der auf ihrer Freilassung bestand.

    In Florenz fand sie Zuflucht vor den Nachstellungen der Borgias, bis die Macht dieser Familie mit dem Tod Alexanders VI. 1503 zusammenbrach woraufhin sie erneut versuchte, in den Besitz ihrer Ländereien zu gelangen. Dies misslang jedoch aufgrund der Anfeindungen ihrer Schwäger Pierfrancesco und Lorenzo de Medici; als diese dann auch noch ihren Sohn Giovanni (den späteren Giovanni dalle Bande Nere) in die Hand bekommen wollten, floh sie mit ihm in den Konvent von Annalena, wo sie am 20. Mai 1509 starb.

    Aus ihrer ersten Ehe mit Girolamo Riario hatte Caterina sechs Kinder: Aus ihrer zweiten Ehe mit Giacomo Feo hatte Caterina einen Sohn: Aus ihrer dritten Ehe mit Giovanni il Popolano aus der jüngeren Linie der Medici, hatte Caterina einen Sohn

    Die Historikerin Magdalena Soest stellte die These auf, Leonardo da Vincis Gemälde Mona Lisa sei ein Porträt der Caterina Sforza, zunächst durch internationale Medien im Frühjahr 2002, ihr Buch erschien 2011. Laut Soest erfüllt Caterina Sforza alle an das Mona-Lisa-Modell zu stellenden (kunst)geschichtlichen Bedingungen.[8]