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  1. Catherine of Aragon (also spelt as Katherine, Spanish: Catalina; 16 December 1485 – 7 January 1536) was Queen of England as the first wife of King Henry VIII from their marriage on 11 June 1509 until their annulment on 23 May 1533. She was previously Princess of Wales as the wife of Henry's elder brother, Arthur, Prince of Wales .

  2. Jan 3, 2023 · Catherine of Aragon, (born December 16, 1485, Alcalá de Henares, Spain—died January 7, 1536, Kimbolton, Huntingdon, England), first wife of King Henry VIII of England (reigned 1509–47). The refusal of Pope Clement VII to annul Henry’s marriage to Catherine triggered the break between Henry and Rome and led to the English Reformation.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. Apr 27, 2017 · Catherine of Aragon was the daughter of Spanish monarchs King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella. She married Henry VIII but did not give birth to a male heir. Catherine refused to annul her...

    • A Spanish Princess
    • Producing An Heir
    • Divorce: The Intractable Problem
    • Marriage Annulment
    • The Reformation
    • Later Life

    Catherine of Aragon was born on 15 December 1485 CE, the youngest daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon (r. 1479-1516 CE) and Queen Isabella of Castile (l. 1451-1504 CE). Catherine's first brush with the English monarchy was not with Henry VIII but his elder brother Prince Arthur (b. 19 September 1486 CE). Henry VII of England(r. 1485-1509 CE) ha...

    As with any king, Henry's main objective was to produce a male heir. Catherine obliged with six children but none of them survived infancy except one, a girl, Mary, born on 18 February 1516 CE. Catherine gave birth to a stillborn girl in 1510 CE, a son was born in 1511 CE but died two months later, a second son arrived in 1513 CE but died a few hou...

    From around 1526 CE, Henry VIII's eye was caught by one Anne Boleyn, younger sister of one of his former conquests. Anne, clever enough to realise she was about to become a pawn in a game of thrones, refused to sleep with the king until they were married. To this end, Henry wrote a letter to Pope Clement VII (r. 1523-1534 CE) in 1527 CE suggesting ...

    Thomas Cranmer, a much more compliant replacement to Warham as the Archbishop of Canterbury and a man keen to split the English Church from Rome, formally annulled Henry's first marriage on 23 May 1533 CE. With the passing of the Act in Restraint of Appeals by Parliament (drafted by Cromwell), Catherine had no recourse to any appeal. The decision w...

    Henry was eventually excommunicated by the Pope for his actions in annulling his first marriage but the English king was far from finished with reforming the whole structure of the Church in his kingdom. Now, in order to replace the Pope as head of the Catholic Church in England, Henry made himself head of the Churchof England. This was achieved by...

    Catherine, meanwhile, was confined to her residence at Buckden in Cambridgeshire from 1533 CE and Kimbolton after 1534 CE. In 1536 CE and with failing health, the former queen wrote one last letter to King Henry, whom she had not seen for five years: The use of her original title to close the letter was one final defiance towards her former husband...

    • Mark Cartwright
    • Publishing Director
    • Background, Family of Catherine of Aragon
    • Marriage, Children
    • Physical Description
    • Ambassador
    • Regent
    • Catherine of Aragon Biography

    Both of Catherine's parents were part of the Trastámara dynasty. 1. Mother: Isabella I of Castile(1451–1504) 2. Father: Ferdinand II of Aragon (1452–1516) 3. Maternal grandmother: Isabella of Portugal (1428–1496) 4. Maternal grandfather: John (Juan) of Castile (1405–1454) 5. Paternal grandmother: Juana Enriquez, a member of the Castilian nobility (...

    husband: Arthur, Prince of Wales (betrothed in 1489, married 1501; Arthur died 1502)
    husband: Henry VIII of England (married 1509; annulled by Church of England in 1533, with Archbishop Cranmer approving the nullification of the marriage)

    Often in fiction or depictions of history, Catherine of Aragon is depicted with dark hair and brown eyes, presumably because she was Spanish. But in life, Catherine of Aragon had red hair and blue eyes.

    After Arthur's death and before her marriage to Henry VIII, Catherine of Aragon served as ambassador to the English court, representing the Spanish court, thereby becoming the first woman to be a European ambassador.

    Catherine of Aragon served as regent for her husband, Henry VIII, for six months when he was in France in 1513. During that time, the English won the Battle of Flodden, with Catherine taking an active role in the planning.

    • Jone Johnson Lewis
    • Women's History Writer
  4. May 31, 2017 · Catherine of Aragon was the fifth child of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon. She was born in Alcalá de Henares. Catherine was likely named for her mother's grandmother, Katherine of Lancaster, the daughter of Constance of Castile who was second wife of John of Gaunt, himself son of England's Edward III.

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