Catherine of Aragon (also spelt as Katherine, Spanish: Catalina; 16 December 1485 – 7 January 1536) was Queen of England as the first wife of King Henry VIII from their marriage on 11 June 1509 until their annulment on 23 May 1533. She was previously Princess of Wales as the wife of Henry's elder brother, Arthur, Prince of Wales .
Oct 18, 2022 · Catherine of Aragon, (born December 16, 1485, Alcalá de Henares, Spain—died January 7, 1536, Kimbolton, Huntingdon, England), first wife of King Henry VIII of England (reigned 1509–47). The refusal of Pope Clement VII to annul Henry’s marriage to Catherine triggered the break between Henry and Rome and led to the English Reformation.
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Apr 27, 2017 · Catherine of Aragon was the daughter of Spanish monarchs King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella. She married Henry VIII but did not give birth to a male heir. Catherine refused to annul her...
- A Spanish Princess
- Producing An Heir
- Divorce: The Intractable Problem
- Marriage Annulment
- The Reformation
- Later Life
Catherine of Aragon was born on 15 December 1485 CE, the youngest daughter of King Ferdinand II of Aragon (r. 1479-1516 CE) and Queen Isabella of Castile (l. 1451-1504 CE). Catherine's first brush with the English monarchy was not with Henry VIII but his elder brother Prince Arthur (b. 19 September 1486 CE). Henry VII of England(r. 1485-1509 CE) ha...
As with any king, Henry's main objective was to produce a male heir. Catherine obliged with six children but none of them survived infancy except one, a girl, Mary, born on 18 February 1516 CE. Catherine gave birth to a stillborn girl in 1510 CE, a son was born in 1511 CE but died two months later, a second son arrived in 1513 CE but died a few hou...
From around 1526 CE, Henry VIII's eye was caught by one Anne Boleyn, younger sister of one of his former conquests. Anne, clever enough to realise she was about to become a pawn in a game of thrones, refused to sleep with the king until they were married. To this end, Henry wrote a letter to Pope Clement VII (r. 1523-1534 CE) in 1527 CE suggesting ...
Thomas Cranmer, a much more compliant replacement to Warham as the Archbishop of Canterbury and a man keen to split the English Church from Rome, formally annulled Henry's first marriage on 23 May 1533 CE. With the passing of the Act in Restraint of Appeals by Parliament (drafted by Cromwell), Catherine had no recourse to any appeal. The decision w...
Henry was eventually excommunicated by the Pope for his actions in annulling his first marriage but the English king was far from finished with reforming the whole structure of the Church in his kingdom. Now, in order to replace the Pope as head of the Catholic Church in England, Henry made himself head of the Churchof England. This was achieved by...
Catherine, meanwhile, was confined to her residence at Buckden in Cambridgeshire from 1533 CE and Kimbolton after 1534 CE. In 1536 CE and with failing health, the former queen wrote one last letter to King Henry, whom she had not seen for five years: The use of her original title to close the letter was one final defiance towards her former husband...
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- Catherine of Aragon Biography. Catherine of Aragon's role in history was, first, as a marriage partner to strengthen the alliance of England and Spain (Castile and Aragon), and later, as the center of Henry VIII's struggle for an annulment that would permit him to remarry and try for a male heir to the English throne for the Tudor dynasty.
- Catherine of Aragon Family Background. Catherine of Aragon was the fifth child of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon. She was born in Alcalá de Henares.
- Catherine of Aragon Childhood and Education: In her early years, Catherine traveled extensively within Spain with her parents as they fought their war to remove the Muslims from Granada.
- Alliance with England Through Marriage. Catherine was born in 1485, the same year Henry VII seized the crown of England as the first Tudor monarch. Arguably, Catherine's own royal descent was more legitimate than Henry's, who was descended from their common ancestor John of Gaunt through the children of Katherine Swynford, his third wife, who were born before their marriage and later legitimized but declared ineligible for the throne.
May 31, 2017 · Catherine of Aragon Known for: first queen consort of Henry VIII; mother of Mary I of England; Catherine's refusal to be put aside for a new queen—and the Pope's support of her position—led to Henry's separating the Church of England from the Church of Rome Occupation: queen consort of Henry VIII of England Born: December 16, 1485 in Madrid