Catherine of Valois (27 October 1401 – 3 January 1437) was the queen consort of England from 1420 until 1422. A daughter of Charles VI of France, she was married to Henry V of England, and gave birth to his heir Henry VI of England. Catherine's marriage was part of a plan to eventually place Henry V on the throne of France, and perhaps end ...
Catherine of Valois, (born October 27, 1401, Paris, France—died January 3, 1437, Bermondsey Abbey, London, England), French princess, the wife of King Henry V of England, mother of King Henry VI, and grandmother of the first Tudor monarch of England, Henry VII.
- Betrothed to Charles, Heir of Louis, Duke of Bourbon
- The Treaty of Troyes
- Catherine and Henry V, Newly Married Couple
- Their Son, Future Henry Vi
- A Secret Relationship with Owen Tudor
- They Had 5 Children
In 1403, when she was less than 2 years old, she was betrothed to Charles, heir of Louis, Duke of Bourbon. In 1408, Henry IV of England proposed a peace agreement with France that would marry his son, the future Henry V, to one of the daughters of Charles VI of France. Over a number of years, marriage possibilities and plans were discussed, interrupted by Agincourt. Henry demanded that Normandy and Aquitaine be given back to Henry as part of any marriage agreement.
Finally, in 1418, the plans were again on the table, and Henry and Catherine met in June of 1419. Henry continued his pursuit of Catherine from England and promised to renounce his assumed title of king of France if she would marry him and if he and his children by Catherine would be named Charles' heirs. The Treaty of Troyes was signed and the pair were betrothed. Henry arrived in France in May and the couple was married on June 2, 1420. As part of the treaty, Henry won control of Normandy and Aquitaine, became regent of France during Charles' lifetime, and won the right to succeed on Charles' death. If this had come to pass, France and England would have been united under one monarch. Instead, during the minority of Henry VI, the French Dauphin, Charles, was crowned as Charles VII with the aid of Joan of Arcin 1429.
The newly married couple were together as Henry laid siege to several cities. They celebrated Christmas at the Louvre Palace, then left for Rouen, and then traveled to England in January of 1421. Catherine of Valois was crowned Queen of England at Westminster Abbey in February 1421. with Henry absent so that the attention would all be on his queen. The two toured England, to introduce the new queen but also to increase commitment to Henry's military ventures.
The son of Catherine and Henry, the future Henry VI, was born in December of 1421, with Henry back in France. In May of 1422 Catherine, without her son, traveled to France with John, Duke of Bedford, to join her husband. Henry V died of an illness in August 1422, leaving the crown of England in the hands of a minor. During Henry's youth, he was educated and raised by Lancastrians while the Duke of York, Henry's uncle, held power as Protector. Catherine's role was mainly ceremonial. Catherine went to live on land controlled by the Duke of Lanchester, with castles and manor houses under her control. She appeared at times with the infant king on special occasions.
Rumors of a relationship between the King's mother and Edmund Beaufort led to a statute in parliament forbidding marriage to a queen without royal consent without severe punishment. She appeared less often in public, though she did appear at her son's coronation in 1429.
Catherine of Valois had begun a secret relationship with Owen Tudor, a Welsh squire. It is not known how or where they met. Historians are divided on whether Catherine had already married Owen Tudor before that Act of Parliament, or whether they married secretly after that. By 1432 they certainly were married, though without permission. In 1436, Owen Tudor was imprisoned and Catherine retired to Bermondsey Abbey, where she died the next year. The marriage was not revealed until after her death.
Catherine of Valois and Owen Tudor had five children, half-siblings to King Henry VI. One daughter died in infancy and another daughter and three sons survived. The eldest son, Edmund, became Earl of Richmond in 1452. Edmund married Margaret Beaufort. Their son won the crown of England as Henry VII, claiming his right to the throne through conquest, but also through descent through his mother, Margaret Beaufort.
- Jone Johnson Lewis
- Women's History Writer
Jan 22, 2019 · Catherine of Valois. Catherine of Valois (27 October 1401 – 3 January 1437%29 was the Queen consort of England from 1420 until 1422.
- Henry VI of England, Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, Jasper Tudor
- Paris, Ile-de-France, France
- October 27, 1401
- Westminster Abbey, London, England
Nov 02, 2019 · Princess Catherine Of Valois: An Unlucky Childhood. Catherine of Valois was born in Paris on Oct. 27, 1401 and grew up as the lonely and neglected youngest daughter of King Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria.
- All That's Interesting
Mar 23, 2018 · Catherine of Valois was born on 27 October 1401 as the daughter of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria. She was the youngest of twelve siblings, and her eldest sister had been Queen of England before her as the wife of Richard II.
Apr 01, 2015 · So who was Catherine of Valois? She was the daugher of a king, the tenth child of King Charles VI of France and Queen, Isabeau of Bavaria. The Princess Catherine was born in the royal palace, the Hotel de Saint Pol in Paris on 27th October 1401.