Charles I, also known as Charles Robert (Hungarian: Károly Róbert; Croatian: Karlo Robert; Slovak: Karol Róbert; 1288 – 16 July 1342) was King of Hungary and Croatia from 1308 to his death. He was a member of the Capetian House of Anjou and the only son of Charles Martel, Prince of Salerno .
Charles I, byname Charles Robert, or Carobert, Of Anjou, Hungarian Károly Róbert, (born 1288, Naples, Kingdom of Naples [Italy]—died July 16, 1342, Visegrád, Hung.), courtly, pious king of Hungary who restored his kingdom to the status of a great power and enriched and civilized it. Charles was the son of Charles Martel of Anjou-Naples and Clemencia of Habsburg, daughter of the Holy Roman emperor Rudolf I.
Charles (I), (born August 17, 1887, Persenbeug Castle, Austria—died April 1, 1922, Quinta do Monte, Madeira), emperor (Kaiser) of Austria and, as Charles IV, king of Hungary, the last ruler of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy (November 21, 1916–November 11, 1918).
Charles was the only son of Charles Martel, Prince of Salerno, and his wife, Clemence of Austria. He was born in 1288; the place of his birth is unknown. Charles Martel was the firstborn son of Charles II of Naples and Charles II's wife, Mary, who was a daughter of Stephen V of Hungary.
- Székesfehérvár Basilica
- Clemence of Austria
CHARLES I. (1288-1342), king of Hungary, the son of Charles Martell of Naples, and Clemencia, daughter of the emperor Rudolph, was known as Charles Robert previously to being enthroned king of Hungary in 1309.
- Early Years
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He was the only son of Charles Martel, Prince of Salerno, and his wife, Klementia of Habsburg. He was born in 1288; the place of his birth is unknown. Charles Martel was the firstborn son of Charles II of Naples and Charles II's wife, Mary, who was a daughter of Stephen V of Hungary. After the death of her brother, Ladislaus IV of Hungary, in 1290, Queen Mary announced her claim to Hungary, stating that the House of Árpád (the royal family of Hungary) had become extinct with Ladislaus's death...
Struggle for Hungary
A powerful Croatian lord, Paul Šubić, sent his brother, George, to Italy in early 1300 to convince Charles II of Naples to send his grandson to Hungary to claim the throne in person. The king of Naples accepted the proposal and borrowed 1,300 ounces of gold from Florentine bankers to finance Charles's journey. A Neapolitan knight of French origin, Philip Drugeth, accompanied the twelve-year-old Charles to Hungary. They disembarked in Split in Dalmatia in August 1300. From Split, Paul Šubić es...
Wars against the oligarchs
The papal legate convoked the synod of the Hungarian prelates, who declared the monarch inviolable in December 1308. They also urged Ladislaus Kán to hand over the Holy Crown to Charles. After Kán refused to do so, the legate consecrated a new crown for Charles. Thomas II, Archbishop of Esztergom crowned Charles king with the new crown in the Church of Our Lady in Buda on 15 or 16 June 1309. However, most Hungarians regarded his second coronation invalid. The papal legate excommunicated Ladis...
Consolidation and reforms
According to one of his charters, Charles had taken "full possession" of his kingdom by 1323. . In the first half of the year, he moved his capital from Temesvár to Visegrád in the centre of his kingdom. In the same year, the Dukes of Austria renounced Pressburg (now Bratislava in Slovakia), which they had controlled for decades, in exchange for the support they had received from Charles against Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1322. Royal power was only nominally restored in the lands betwee...
Active foreign policy
In September 1330, Charles launched a military expedition against Basarab of Wallachia who had attempted to get rid of his suzerainty. After seizing the fortress of Severin, he refused to make peace with Basarab and marched towards Curtea de Argeș, which was Basarab's seat. The Wallachians applied Scorched earth tactics, compelling Charles to made a truce with Basarab and withdraw his troops from Wallachia. While the royal troops were marching through a narrow pass across the Southern Carpath...
The Anonymi descriptio Europae orientalis ("An Anonymous' Description of Eastern Europe") wrote, in the first half of 1308, that "the daughter of the strapping Duke of Ruthenia, Leo, has been recently married to Charles, King of Hungary". Charles also stated in a charter of 1326 that he once travelled to "Ruthenia" in order to bring his first wife back to Hungary. A charter issued on 23 June 1326 referred to Charles's wife, Queen Mary. Historian Gyula Kristó says, the three documents show that Charles married a daughter of Leo II of Galicia in late 1305 or early 1306. Historian Enikő Csukovits accepts Kristó's interpretation, but she writes that Mary of Galicia most probably died before the marriage. The Polish scholar, Stanisław Sroka, rejects Kristó's interpretation, stating that Leo I—who was born in 1292, according to him—could hardly have fathered Charles's first wife. In accordance with previous academic consensus, Sroka says that Charles's first wife was Mary of Bytom from th...
Charles often declared that his principal aim was the "restoration of the ancient good conditions" of the kingdom. On his coat-of-arms, he united the "Árpád stripes" with the motives of the coat-of-arms of his paternal family, which emphasized his kinship with the first royal house of Hungary. During his reign, Charles reunited Hungary and introduced administrative and fiscal reforms. He bequeathed to his son, Louis the Great, a "bulging exchequer and an effective system of taxation", according to scholar Bryan Cartledge.Nevertheless, Louis the Great's achievements overshadowed Charles's reputation. The only contemporaneous record of Charles's deeds were made by a Franciscan friar who was hostile towards the monarch. Instead of emphasizing Charles's achievements in the reunification of the country, the friar described in detail the negative episodes of Charles's reign. In particular, the unusual cruelty that the king showed after Felician Záh's assassination attempt on the royal fam...
Charles I Robert Capet-Anjou of Hungary, King of Hungary, was born 1288 in Naples to Charles Martel of Anjou (1271-1295) and Clementia von Habsburg (c1262-1293) and died 16 July 1342 in Visegrád of unspecified causes. He married Maria of Bytom (c1295-1317) 1306 JL. He married Beatrix von Luxemburg (1305-1319) 24 June 1318 JL.
- Beatrix von Luxemburg (1305-1319)
- Elisabeth Csák (?-?)
- 24 June 1318
Dec 17, 2018 · Charles I (also known as Charles Robert, Charles Robert of Anjou, Charles Robert of Anjou-Hungary, and, informally, after his birth-name, Caroberto; Hungarian: Károly Róbert, Croatian: Karlo Robert, Slovak: Karol Róbert, Slovene: Karel Robert Ogrski; 1288 – 16 July 1342) reigned as King of Hungary  and Croatia (1308-1342).
Apr 06, 2020 · Genealogy profile for Charles I, last Emperor of Austria-Hungary Karl Franz Joseph Ludwig Hubert Georg Otto Marie, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary (1887 - 1922) - Genealogy Genealogy for Karl Franz Joseph Ludwig Hubert Georg Otto Marie, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary (1887 - 1922) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ...