Charles II (10 October 1332 – 1 January 1387), called Charles the Bad, was King of Navarre 1349–1387 and Count of Évreux 1343–1387.. Besides the Pyrenean Kingdom of Navarre, he had extensive lands in Normandy, inherited from his father, Count Philip of Évreux, and his mother, Queen Joan II of Navarre, who had received them as compensation for resigning her claims to France, Champagne ...
Charles II of Navarre. King of Navarre. Born Carlos, the son of Philippe III, House of Evreux, King of Navarre and Jeanne II, Queen of Navarre. He succeeded to the title of King Carlos II de Navarre in 1349 and acquired the nick-name of Carlos 'the Bad.'. After the capture of the French King by the English during the Battle of Poitiers in ...
- 9 Oct 1332, Evreux, Departement de l'Eure, Haute-Normandie, France
- Pamplona, Navarra
- 1 Jan 1387 (aged 54), Pamplona, Provincia de Navarra, Navarra, Spain
- Cathedral of Pamplona, Pamplona, Provincia de Navarra, Navarra, Spain
Charles II, byname Charles The Bad, Spanish Carlos El Malo, French Charles Le Mauvais, (born 1332—died Jan. 1, 1387), king of Navarre from 1349, who made various short-lived attempts to expand Navarrese power in both France and Spain. He was the son and successor of Joan of France, queen of Navarre, and Philip, count of Évreux.
Charles II of Navarre - Encyclopedia. CHARLES II. (1332-1387), called THE BAD, king of Navarre and count of Evreux, was a son of Jeanne II., queen of Navarre, by her marriage with Philip, count of Evreux (d. 1343). Having become king of Navarre on Jeanne's death in 1349, he suppressed a rising at Pampeluna with much cruelty, and by this and ...
- Early Life
- Plotting Against The King
- Return to Power
- Loss of Normandy
- Castilian Civil War
- Loss of Power
- A Fitting End
Charles d'Evreux was born in Evreux, Normandy, France on 10 October 1332, the son of King Philip III of Navarre and Queen Joan II. His father was the first cousin of King Philip VI of France and his mother was the only daughter of King Louis X of France, and, upon assuming the crown of Navarre in 1349, he inherited lands both in the Pyrenees and in Normandy (Evreux, Mortain, Vexin, and part of the Cotentin Peninsula). Charles spent very little time in Navarre, instead hoping to increase his influence in France with the help of Navarrese soldiers; however, he was unable to wrest the throne from his Valois cousins. In 1352, he captured the English-held town of Port-Sainte-Marie on the Garonne, and he also married Joan of Valois, daughter of King Jean II of Francethat same year.
In January 1354, he had the Constable of France Charles de La Cerda assassinated after quarrelling with him the previous Christmas, angering King Jean II; Charles thus began to work towards an alliance with King Edward III of England. However, King Jean II agreed to grant Charles extensive lands in exchange for his reconciliation with the French crown. In late 1354, Jean invaded Charles' territories, reigniting their rivalry. Charles again changed sides, and Jean was again forced to make peace at Valognes on 10 September 1355. In December 1355, Charles took part in a failed attempt to replace King Jean with the Dauphin, and, on 5 April 1356, King Charles was arrested and imprisoned.
On 9 November 1357, he escaped from prison and entered Paris with a large retinue, being received like a monarch. When he heard of the peace between England and France, Charles knew that his position was threatened, so he released all of Paris' prisoners to create anarchy and then returned to Normandy. The Jacquerie uprising in Paris forced the Dauphin to grant Charles additional lands and 1,000 troops, and the knights of northern France recruited Charles to help them suppress the peasant revolt. He massacred the rebels at Mello in 1358 and urged the populace to elect him "Captain of Paris" in a bid for power; this move lost Charles the support of many French nobles. Charles instead recruited several English mercenaries to defend Paris, but anti-English riots in the city resulted in a battle between the English and Parisians which left 600 French peasants dead. Charles stayed outside of the city in Saint-Denis as the revolt petered out, and he once again negotiated with England, off...
In 1361, Charles failed to become Duke of Burgundy after the death of his second cousin Duke Philip I of Burgundy. In November, Charles returned to Navarre and made a fresh plot to retake France; a Caroline revolt in Normandy in 1362 failed, and, in 1363, Charles planned to form two armies to campaign in Normandy and central France a year later. In 1364, Edward the Black Prince gave Charles permission to march through Aquitaine, and Charles' plan was set into action. At the 1364 Battle of Cocherel, Charles was defeated by Bertrand du Guesclin, and most of Charles' lands in Normandy were lost by April. That same month, the captive Jean II died in England and the Dauphin became King Charles V of France. In May 1365, at Pamplona, Charles II was forced to make peace with Charles V, keeping his conquests of 1364, except for the Meulan citadel, which was razed to the ground. Charles had failed in his attempt to take either the French throne or Burgundy, and he returned to Navarre empty-ha...
When the Castilian Civil War broke out, large numbers of French, English, Gascon, and Navarrese soldiers became mercenaries in Spain. Charles II allied with Pedro the Cruel of Castile at first, but, in 1365, he switched his support to Pere IV of Aragon. In 1366, he again switched sides by letting Pedro and Edward the Black Prince's army march through Navarre; he switched sides a third time when Henry of Trastamaraoffered Charles II the town of Logrono in exchange for the closure of the passes. The English thus invaded Navarre from northern Castile, forcing Charles to capitulate and grant the English passage.
In 1369, the war between France and England resumed, and Charles allied with John V of Brittany. In July 1370, Charles visited King Edward III in Westminster, although the negotiations were fruitless. In March 1371, after an English army was destroyed at Pontvallain, Charles II was forced to ally with Charles V instead. In 1372, Charles returned to Navarre and twice failed to have Charles V poisoned. In 1374, Charles' ally John of Gaunt abandoned his designs on the throne of Castile, so he instead agreed to have his eldest son, the future Charles III of Navarre, marry Henry of Trastamara's daughter Eleanor. In 1378, he attempted to gain English support against the Castilians, but his messengers were arrested before they could reach the English, and Charles V seized all of Charles II's domains in Normandy from April to June 1378. The English even seized Charles II's city of Cherbourg for themselves and garrisoned it against the French. From June to July, Castilian armies invaded Nava...
Charles II, the treacherous and ambitious Navarrese ruler, was finally forced to abandon his designs on France in 1379, and he retired to Pamplona. By the 1380s, he could no longer make use of his limbs, and, in 1387, he was enclosed to the very neck in a sack at his physician's behest. When a maid was stitching the sack one night, she attempted to use a candle to burn off the remaining end of a thread, but the linen cloth had been impregnated with brandy, causing Charles II to catch on fire. The frightened maid fled, and Charles II famously burned to death, which Jean Froissartascribed to divine intervention.
France. Charles III was born at Mantes - la - Jolie, the son of Charles II of Navarre and Joan of Valois. He married Eleanor, daughter of Henry II of Castile Blanche II Basque: Zuria 9 June 1424 2 December 1464 titular queen of Navarre was the daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre She of Navarre may refer to: Joan I of Navarre 1273 1305 daughter of Henry I of Navarre Joan II ...
Apr 17, 2021 · Charles II (10 October 1332 – 1 January 1387), called Charles the Bad, was King of Navarre 1349–1387 and Count of Évreux1343–1387. Besides the Pyrenean Kingdom of Navarre, he had extensive lands in Normandy, inherited from his father, Count Philip of Évreux, and his mother, Queen Joan II of Navarre, who had received them as compensation for resigning her claims to France, Champagne ...
Apr 12, 2017 · King Charles II of Navarre was burnt alive by accident. Apr 12, 2017 Goran Blazeski. Charles, nicknamed “The Bad One” for his cruel repression of a minor rebellion in Navarre, was born on October 10th, 1332, in Évreux, France to Joan of France, queen of Navarre, and Philip, Count of Évreux. To obtain a clearer picture of who Charles II of ...
Jan 18, 2018 · Whoops: In 1387, King Charles II of Navarre was burned alive by accident. Jan 18, 2018 Goran Blazeski. It has been proven on many occasions that being a king in Europe was a dangerous sort of business. From threats, coups, and assassinations to various other plots, being a royal head of state was not all glitz and glamour.
Apr 16, 2019 · Charles II of Navarre. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Charles II (October 10, 1332, Évreux, – January 1, 1387, Pamplona), called "Charles the Bad," was King of Navarre 1349–1387 and Count of Évreux 1343–1387.
- Joan of Navarre, Queen of England
- "El Malo"
- Joan II of Navarre, Philip III of Navarre
- May 17, 1332