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      • Charles IV (Czech: Karel IV., German: Karl IV., Latin: Carolus IV; 14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378), born Wenceslaus, was a King of Bohemia and the first King of Bohemia to also become Holy Roman Emperor. He was a member of the House of Plantagenet from his father's side and the House of...
      historipediaofficial.wikia.org/wiki/Charles_IV,_Holy_Roman_Emperor#:~:text=Charles%20IV%20%28Czech%3A%20Karel%20IV.%2C%20German%3A%20Karl%20IV.%2C,from%20his%20father%27s%20side%20and%20the%20House%20of
  1. Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_IV,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

    Charles IV, born Wenceslaus, was the first King of Bohemia to become Holy Roman Emperor. He was a member of the House of Luxembourg from his father's side and the Czech House of Přemyslid from his mother's side; he emphasized the latter due to his lifelong affinity for the Czech side of his inheritance, and also because his direct ancestors in the Přemyslid line included two saints. He was the eldest son and heir of King John of Bohemia, who died at the Battle of Crécy on 26 August 1346 ...

  2. Charles IV | Holy Roman emperor | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/.../Charles-IV-Holy-Roman-emperor

    Charles IV, byname Charles of Luxembourg, original name Wenceslas, Czech Karel Lucembursky, or Václav, German Karl Von Luxemburg, or Wenzel, (born May 14, 1316, Prague—died Nov. 29, 1378, Prague), German king and king of Bohemia (as Charles) from 1346 to 1378 and Holy Roman emperor from 1355 to 1378, one of the most learned and diplomatically skillful sovereigns of his time. He gained more through diplomacy than others did by war, and through purchases, marriages, and inheritance he ...

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  3. Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor | Historipedia Official Wiki ...

    historipediaofficial.wikia.org/wiki/Charles_IV...
    • Early Life
    • Early Reign
    • Mid-Reign
    • Later Reign
    • Death
    • Evaluation and Legacy
    • Patronage of Culture and The Arts
    • Family and Children
    • Castles
    • Named After Charles IV

    Charles IV was born to King John of the Luxembourg dynasty and Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia of the Czech Premyslid Dynasty in Prague. He was originally named Wenceslaus (Václav), the name of his maternal grandfather, King Wenceslaus II. He chose the name Charles at his confirmation in honor of his uncle, King Charles IV of France, at whose court he was resident for seven years. He received French education and was literate and fluent in five languages: Latin, Czech, German, French, and Italian. In 1331, he gained some experience of warfare in Italy with his father. At the beginning of 1333, Charles went to Lucca (Tuscany) to consolidate his rule there. In an effort to defend the city, Charles founded the nearby fortress and the town of Montecarlo (Charles' Mountain). From 1333, he administered the lands of the Bohemian Crown due to his father's frequent absence and deteriorating eyesight. In 1334, Charles was named Margrave of Moravia, the traditional title for heirs to the throne. Tw...

    On 11 July 1346, in consequence of an alliance between his father and Pope Clement VI, relentless enemy of the emperor Louis IV, Charles was chosen as Roman king in opposition to Louis by some of the prince-electors at Rhens. As he had previously promised to be subservient to Clement, he made extensive concessions to the pope in 1347. Confirming the papacy in the possession of vast territories, he promised to annul the acts of Louis against Clement, to take no part in Italian affairs, and to defend and protect the church. Charles IV was in a very weak position in Germany. Owing to the terms of his election, he was derisively referred to as a "Priests' King" (Pfaffenkönig). Many bishops and nearly all of the Imperial cities remained loyal to Louis the Bavarian. Worse still, Charles backed the wrong side in the Hundred Years' War, losing his father and many of his best knights at the Battle of Crécyin August 1346, with Charles himself escaping from the field wounded. Charles initially...

    Having made good use of the difficulties of his opponents, Charles was again elected in Frankfurt on 17 June 1349 and re-crowned at Aachen on 25 July 1349. He was soon the undisputed ruler of the Empire. Gifts or promises had won the support of the Rhenish and Swabian towns; a marriage alliance secured the friendship of the Habsburgs; and an alliance with Rudolf II of Bavaria, Count Palatine of the Rhine, was obtained when Charles, who had become a widower in 1348, married Rudolph's daughter Anna. In 1350, the king was visited at Prague by the Roman tribune Cola di Rienzo, who urged him to go to Italy, where the poet Petrarch and the citizens of Florence also implored his presence. Turning a deaf ear to these entreaties, Charles kept Cola in prison for a year, and then handed him as a prisoner to Clement at Avignon. Outside Prague, Charles attempted to expand the Bohemian crown lands, using his imperial authority to acquire fiefs in Silesia, the Upper Palatinate, and Franconia. The...

    In 1354, Charles crossed the Alps without an army, received the Lombard crown in St. Ambrose Basilica, Milan, on 5 January 1355, and was crowned emperor at Rome by a cardinal in April of the same year. His sole object appears to have been to obtain the Imperial crown in peace, in accordance with a promise previously made to Pope Clement. He only remained in the city for a few hours, in spite of the expressed wishes of the Roman people. Having virtually abandoned all the Imperial rights in Italy, the emperor re-crossed the Alps, pursued by the scornful words of Petrarch, but laden with considerable wealth. On his return, Charles was occupied with the administration of the Empire, then just recovering from the Black Death, and in 1356, he promulgated the famous Golden Bullto regulate the election of the king. Having given Moravia to one brother, John Henry, and erected the county of Luxembourg into a duchy for another, Wenceslaus, he was unremitting in his efforts to secure other terr...

    His second journey to Italy took place in 1368, when he had a meeting with Pope Urban V at Viterbo, was besieged in his palace at Siena, and left the country before the end of 1369. During his later years, the emperor took little part in German affairs beyond securing the election of his son Wenceslaus as king of the Romans in 1376, and negotiating a peace between the Swabian League of Cities and some nobles in 1378. After dividing his lands between his three sons and his nephews, he died in November 1378 at Prague, where he was buried, and where a statue was erected to his memory in 1848. Charles IV suffered from gout(metabolic arthritis), a painful disease quite common in that time.

    The reign of Charles IV was characterised by a transformation in the nature of the Empire and is remembered as the Golden Age of Bohemia. He promulgated the Golden Bull of 1356whereby the succession to the imperial title was laid down, which held for the next four centuries. He also organized the states of the empire into peace-keeping confederations. In these, the Imperial cities figured prominently. The Swabian Landfriede confederation of 1370 was made up almost entirely of Imperial Cities. At the same time, the leagues were organized and led by the crown and its agents. As with the electors, the cities that served in these leagues were given privileges to aid in their efforts to keep the peace. He assured his dominance over the eastern borders of the Empire through succession treaties with the Habsburgs and the purchase of Brandenburg. He also claimed imperial lordship over the crusader states of Prussia and Livonia.

    Prague became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire during the reign of Charles IV. The name of the royal founder and patron remains on many monuments and institutions, for example Charles University, Charles Bridge, Charles Square. High Gothic Prague Castle and part of the cathedral of Saint Vitus by Peter Parler were also built under his patronage. Finally, the first flowering of manuscript painting in Prague dates from Charles' reign. In the present Czech Republic, he is still regarded as Pater Patriae (father of the country or otec vlasti), a title first coined by Adalbertus Ranconis de Ericinioat his funeral. Charles also had strong ties to Nuremberg, staying within its city walls 52 times and thereby strengthening its reputation amongst German cities. Charles was the patron of the Nuremberg Frauenkirche, built between 1352 and 1362 (the architect was likely Peter Parler), where the imperial court worshipped during its stays in Nuremberg. Charles's imperial policy was focused on...

    Charles was married four times. His first wife was Blanche of Valois, (1316–48), daughter of Charles, Count of Valois, and a half-sister of Philip VI of France. They had three children: 1. son (b.1334), died young 2. Margaret of Bohemia (1335 - 1349); married Louis I of Hungary. 3. Catherine of Bohemia (1342–95); married Rudolf IV of Austria and Otto V, Duke of Bavaria, Elector of Brandenburg. He secondly married Anna of Bavaria, (1329–53), daughter of Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria; they had one son: 1. Wenceslaus (1350–51). His third wife was Anna von Schweidnitz, (1339–62), daughter of Henry II, Duke of Świdnica and Katharina of Anjou (daughter of Charles I Robert, King of Hungary), by whom he had three children: 1. Elisabeth of Bohemia (19 April 1358 – 4 September 1373); married Albert III of Austria. 2. Wenceslaus (1361–1419); later elected King of Germany (formally King of the Romans) and, on his father's death, became King of Bohemia (as Wenceslaus IV) and Emperor-elect of the Ho...

    Castles built or established by Charles IV. 1. Karlstein Castle, 1348–55 in Central Bohemian Region for safekeeping the Imperial Regalia, especially the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire (later the Czech Crown Jewelswere also kept there) 2. Kašperk Castle (Karlsberg), 1356 in Klatovy District 3. Lauf (Wenzelsburg) - built on the way connecting Prague and Nuremberg in Bohemian Palatinate, inside survived 112 coats of arms of the Czech Kingdom 4. Montecarloin Italy 5. Radyně (Karlskrone) – around 1360 in Plzeň Region 6. Hrádek u Purkarce(Karlshaus) - around 1357 7. Tepenec(Twingenberg, Karlsburg) 8. Karlsfried Castle

    Other places named after Charles: 1. Karlštejncastle, Czech Republic 2. Karlštejn(town), Czech Republic 3. Charles Bridge, Prague (Karlův most) 4. Charles University, Prague (Karlova Univerzita) 5. Karlovy Varyspa, Czech Republic 6. Carlsbad(several places in the United States) 7. Charles Square, Prague (Karlovo náměstí) 8. Montecarlo (Charles' Mountain) fort and village in Italy 9. 16951 Carolus Quartus(an asteroid)

    • 14 May 1316 Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia
    • Louis IV
    • 6 January 1355, Milan (Italian)
    • 1355 – 29 November 1378
  4. Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor Biography - Facts, Childhood ...

    www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/charles-iv-holy...

    Charles IV was king of Bohemia and also the first Bohemian ruler to become Holy Roman Emperor. Born in Prague to King John of Luxembourg and Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia, he belonged to the ‘House of Luxembourg’ from his father’s side and to the ‘House of Premyslid’ from his mother’s.

  5. Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org/en/Charles_IV,_Holy_Roman_Emperor
    • Life
    • Evaluation and Legacy
    • Patronage of Culture and The Arts
    • Family and Children
    • Castles
    • Named After Charles IV
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Charles IV was born to King John of the Lux­em­bourg dy­nasty and Queen Eliz­a­beth of Bo­hemia of the Czech Pre­mys­lid Dy­nasty in Prague. He was orig­i­nally named Wences­laus (Václav), the name of his ma­ter­nal grand­fa­ther, King Wences­laus II. He chose the name Charles at his con­fir­ma­tion in honor of his uncle, King Charles IV of France, at whose court he was res­i­dent for seven years. He re­ceived French ed­u­ca­tion and was lit­er­ate and flu­ent in five lan­guages: Latin, Czech, Ger­man, French, and Ital­ian. In 1331, he gained some ex­pe­ri­ence of war­fare in Italy with his fa­ther. At the be­gin­ning of 1333, Charles went to Lucca (Tus­cany) to con­sol­i­date his rule there. In an ef­fort to de­fend the city, Charles founded the nearby fortress and the town of Mon­te­carlo (Charles' Mountain). From 1333, he ad­min­is­tered the lands of the Bo­hemian Crown due to his fa­ther's fre­quent ab­sence and de­te­ri­o­rat­ing eye­sight. In 1334, Charles was named Mar­grave...

    The reign of Charles IV was char­ac­terised by a trans­for­ma­tion in the na­ture of the Em­pire and is re­mem­bered as the Golden Age of Bo­hemia. He pro­mul­gated the Golden Bull of 1356whereby the suc­ces­sion to the im­pe­r­ial title was laid down, which held for the next four cen­turies. He also or­ga­nized the states of the em­pire into peace-keep­ing con­fed­er­a­tions. In these, the Im­pe­r­ial cities fig­ured promi­nently. The Swabian Land­friede con­fed­er­a­tion of 1370 was made up al­most en­tirely of Im­pe­r­ial Cities. At the same time, the leagues were or­ga­nized and led by the crown and its agents. As with the elec­tors, the cities that served in these leagues were given priv­i­leges to aid in their ef­forts to keep the peace. He as­sured his dom­i­nance over the east­ern bor­ders of the Em­pire through suc­ces­sion treaties with the Hab­s­burgs and the pur­chase of Bran­den­burg. He also claimed im­pe­r­ial lord­ship over the cru­sader states of Prus­sia and Livo­nia.

    Prague be­came the cap­i­tal of the Holy Roman Em­pire dur­ing the reign of Charles IV. The name of the royal founder and pa­tron re­mains on many mon­u­ments and in­sti­tu­tions, for ex­am­ple Charles Uni­ver­sity, Charles Bridge, Charles Square. High Gothic Prague Cas­tle and part of the cathe­dral of Saint Vitus by Peter Par­ler were also built under his pa­tron­age. Fi­nally, the first flow­er­ing of man­u­script paint­ing in Prague dates from Charles' reign. In the pre­sent Czech Re­pub­lic, he is still re­garded as Pater Pa­triae (fa­ther of the coun­try or otec vlasti), a title first coined by Adal­ber­tus Ran­co­nis de Ericinioat his fu­neral. Charles also had strong ties to Nurem­berg, stay­ing within its city walls 52 times and thereby strength­en­ing its rep­u­ta­tion amongst Ger­man cities. Charles was the pa­tron of the Nurem­berg Frauenkirche, built be­tween 1352 and 1362 (the ar­chi­tect was likely Peter Par­ler), where the im­pe­r­ial court wor­shipped dur­ing its st...

    Charles was mar­ried four times. His first wife was Blanche of Val­ois, (1316–48), daugh­ter of Charles, Count of Val­ois, and a half-sis­ter of Philip VI of France. They had three chil­dren: 1. son (b.1334), died young 2. Margaret of Bohemia (1335 - 1349); married Louis I of Hungary. 3. Catherine of Bohemia (1342–95); married Rudolf IV of Austria and Otto V, Duke of Bavaria, Elector of Brandenburg. He sec­ondly mar­ried Anna of Bavaria, (1329–53), daugh­ter of Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria; they had one son: 1. Wenceslaus (1350–51). His third wife was Anna von Schwei­d­nitz, (1339–62), daugh­ter of Henry II, Duke of Świd­nica and Katha­rina of Anjou (daugh­ter of Charles I Robert, King of Hun­gary), by whom he had three chil­dren: 1. Elisabeth of Bohemia (19 April 1358 – 4 September 1373); married Albert III of Austria. 2. Wenceslaus (1361–1419); later elected King of Germany (formally King of the Romans) and, on his father's death, became King of Bohemia (as Wenceslaus IV) and Empero...

    Cas­tles built or es­tab­lished by Charles IV. 1. Karlstein Castle, 1348–55 in Central Bohemian Region for safekeeping the Imperial Regalia, especially the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire (later the Czech Crown Jewelswere also kept there) 2. Kašperk Castle (Karlsberg), 1356 in Klatovy District 3. Lauf (Wenzelsburg) - built on the way connecting Prague and Nuremberg in Bohemian Palatinate, inside survived 112 coats of arms of the Czech Kingdom 4. Montecarloin Italy 5. Radyně (Karlskrone) – around 1360 in Plzeň Region 6. Hrádek u Purkarce (Karlshaus) - around 1357 7. Tepenec(Twingenberg, Karlsburg) 8. Karlsfried Castle

    Other places named after Charles: 1. Karlštejncastle, Czech Republic 2. Karlštejn(town), Czech Republic 3. Charles Bridge, Prague (Karlův most) 4. Charles University, Prague (Karlova Univerzita) 5. Karlovy Varyspa, Czech Republic 6. Charles Square, Prague (Karlovo náměstí) 7. Montecarlo (Charles' Mountain) fort and village in Italy 8. 16951 Carolus Quartus(an asteroid)

    Charles IV (autobiography), edited by Balázs Nagy, Frank Schaer: Autobiography of Emperor Charles IV; And, His Legend of St. Wenceslas: Karoli IV Imperatoris Romanorum Vita Ab Eo Ipso Conscripta; E...
    This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Charles IV. (Roman Emperor)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5(11th ed.). Cambridge University Pre...
    Boehm, Barbara Drake (2005). Prague : the Crown of Bohemia, 1347-1437. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 1588391612.
    Literature by and about Karl IV. in the German National Librarycatalogue
    Works by and about Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor in the Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek(German Digital Library)
    Entry in the Residenzen-Kommission
  6. Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor - Bio, Facts, Family | Famous ...

    www.famousbirthdays.com/people/charles-iv--holy...

    Holy Roman Emperor who was crowned King of the Romans in 1346 and re-elected in 1349. He was then crowned King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor in 1355 and King of Burgundy in 1365. He was the ruler of all the kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire.

  7. Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV - 1346-1378

    www.holyromanempireassociation.com/holy-roman-emperor...

    Charles was crowned on 26 November 1346 in Bonn. After his opponent died, he was re-elected in 1349 and crowned King of the Romans. In 1355 he was crowned King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor. With his coronation as King of Burgundy in 1365, he became the personal ruler of all the kingdoms of the Holy Roman Empire.

  8. Charles IV | Infoplease

    www.infoplease.com/.../charles-iv-holy-roman-emperor

    Charles IV Charles IV, 1316–78, Holy Roman emperor (1355–78), German king (1347–78), and king of Bohemia (1346–78). The son of John of Luxemburg, Charles was educated at the French court and fought the English at Crécy, where his father's heroic death made him king of Bohemia.

  9. Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor - geni family tree

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    Mar 28, 2018 · Genealogy profile for Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV de Luxembourg, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reich (1316 - 1378) - Genealogy Genealogy for Charles IV de Luxembourg, Kaiser des Heiligen Römischen Reich (1316 - 1378) family tree on Geni, with over 190 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives.

  10. Golden Bull of Emperor Charles IV | Holy Roman Empire [1356 ...

    www.britannica.com/event/Golden-Bull-of-Emperor...

    Golden Bull of Emperor Charles IV, constitution for the Holy Roman Empire promulgated in 1356 by the emperor Charles IV. It was intended to eliminate papal interference in German political affairs and to recognize the importance of the princes, especially the electors, of the empire.