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  1. Sir Charles Lyell, 1st Baronet , (14 November 1797 – 22 February 1875) was a Scottish geologist who demonstrated the power of known natural causes in explaining the earth s history. He is best known as the author of Principles of Geology (1830–33), which presented to a wide public audience the idea that the earth was shaped by the same natural processes still in operation today, operating at similar intensities. The philosopher William Whewell termed this gradualistic view uniformitarianism and... Read More

    Charles Lyell - Wikipedia
  2. Sir Charles Lyell, 1st Baronet, FRS (14 November 1797 – 22 February 1875) was a Scottish geologist who demonstrated the power of known natural causes in explaining the earth 's history. He is best known as the author of Principles of Geology (1830–33), which presented to a wide public audience the idea that the earth was shaped by the same ...

  3. Sir Charles Lyell was the most famous lawyer and geologist of his time. One of the most important British scientists in history, Lyell wrote "Principles of Geology", a landmark work in geology that explores James Hutton's doctrine of uniformitarianism.

  4. Charles Lyell, Scottish geologist largely responsible for the general acceptance of the view that all features of the Earth’s surface are produced by physical, chemical, and biological processes through long periods of geological time. His achievements laid the foundations for evolutionary biology.

    • Early Life and Education
    • Personal Life
    • Biography

    Born November 14, 1797 - Died February 22, 1875 Charles Lyell was born on November 14, 1797, in the Grampian Mountains near Forfarshire, Scotland. When Charles was only two years old, his parents relocated to Southampton, England near where his mother's family lived. Since Charles was the oldest of ten children in Lyell family, his father spent a lot of time helping to educate Charles in the sciences, and particularly nature. Charles spent many years in and out of expensive private schools but was said to prefer wandering and learning from his father. At the age of 19, Charles went off to Oxford to study mathematics and geology. He spent vacations from school traveling and making astute observations of geological formations. Charles Lyell graduated, with honors, with a Bachelor's of Art in Classics in 1819. He continued his education and received a Master's of Art in 1821.

    Instead of pursuing his love of Geology, Lyell moved to London and became a lawyer. However, his eyesight began to worsen as time went on and he eventually turned to Geology as a full-time career. In 1832, he married Mary Horner, the daughter of a colleague in the Geological Society of London. The couple had no children but instead spent their time traveling all over the world as Charles observed the Geology and wrote his field changing works. Charles Lyell was knighted and later bestowed with the title of Baronet. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

    Even while practicing law, Charles Lyell was actually doing more Geology than anything. His father's wealth allowed him to travel and write instead of practicing law. He published his first scientific paper in 1825. Lyell was planning to write a book with radical new ideas for Geology. He set out to prove that all geologic processes were due to natural events rather than supernatural events. Up until his time, the formation and processes of the Earth were attributed to God or another higher being. Lyell was one of the first to propose these processes actually happened very slowly, and that the Earth was extremely ancient rather than the few thousand years old most Bible scholars purposed. Charles Lyell found his evidence when studying Mt. Etna in Italy. He returned to London in 1829 and wrote his most famous work Principles of Geology. The book included a large amount of data and very detailed explanations. He did not finish revisions on the book until 1833 after several more trips...

  5. Nov 14, 2018 · Charles Lyell. (1797 – 1875) On November 14, 1797, Charles Lyell, British lawyer and the foremost geologist of his day, was born. Lyell was a close friend to Charles Darwin and is best known as the author of Principles of Geology, which popularized James Hutton ‘s concepts of uniformitarianism – the idea that the earth was shaped by the ...

  6. Uniformitarianism: Charles Lyell Discrete rock layers containing different fossils reinforced the idea that the Earth's history could be divided into ages marked by catastrophic change. However, gradual change, like that caused by erosion, has also played an important role in the Earth's history.

    • How Lyell Became Introduced to The Theory of Evolution
    • Lyell and His Equivocal Acceptance of Natural Selection
    • Glaciers and Their Impact on The Theory of Evolution

    In 1827, Lyell receive a copy of a publication from Jean Baptiste Lamarck, an early proposer of evolutionary theory. Although he agreed with Lamarck that the planet was probably older than anyone had previously thought, he disagreed with the idea that mutations were one of the main causes of evolutionism. These thoughts led Lyell to write Principles.In it, he proposed that there were new species that had been created on our planet through natural methods. When Darwin embarked on his famous Beaglesurvey expedition, one of the items that he took along was Lyell’s publication. Some of Lyell’s ideas about the geological composition of the planet and how that related to its actual age were supported by Darwin’s findings. This drew the two men together, especially since there was a desire to square up their religious beliefs with their religious findings. For Lyell in particular, the idea that natural selection was the primary evolutionary force at work was a difficult idea to accept. Nev...

    It is the tenth edition of Principlesthat is often looked at when examining Lyell’s theory of evolution. In this edition, entitled “The Antiquity of Man,” Lyell suggested that Darwin’s theories were a modification of Larmarck’s ideas about evolution. He also suggested that the “gulf” between men and animals remained a “profound mystery.” Darwin disagreed with the observations, yet the impact on the field of science through Lyell’s observations could not be discounted. Through his geological surveys, Lyell helped to form the concepts of how a society could identify natural resources. His work to understand earthquakes went beyond their destructive power to look at the actual cause of them and the evidence of fissures of faults. Lyell also focused on volcanoes and theorized that there was an up-building process at work instead of a general upheaval action, which at the time was supported by most geologists. It was his work in the field of stratigraphy that would help him influence evo...

    Lyell proposed the idea that an iceberg could be the cause of transporting “erratics.” An erratic is a rock that differs in shape and size from other surrounding rocks. In times of global warming, Lyell theorized, ice would come from the poles and float across submerged lands, carrying debris with it. Then, as the waters recede and lands emerge, the erratics would provide evidence of drift. Although some of Lyell’s theories have been disproven, especially in terms of glacier movement, the framework that he was able to create is still in use today. Many of his observational methods are still used as foundational principles in the field of geology. And as for his theory of evolution, it is Lyell’s work that is included with Darwin’s theories that has more influence today rather than his own theories. For many years, Lyell refused to consider evolution as it was being proposed as a valid theory. He eventually offered what could be considered a “compromise” between religion and science,...

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