Charles VI (3 December 1368 – 21 October 1422), called the Beloved (French: le Bien-Aimé) and later the Mad (French: le Fol or le Fou), was King of France from 1380 until his death in 1422. He is known for his mental illness and psychotic episodes which plagued him throughout his life.
Charles VI, byname Charles the Well-beloved or the Mad, French Charles le Bien-aimé or L’insensé, (born Dec. 3, 1368, Paris, France—died Oct. 21, 1422, Paris), king of France who throughout his long reign (1380–1422) remained largely a figurehead, first because he was still a boy when he took the throne and later because of his periodic fits of madness.
France - France - Charles VI: Charles VI (reigned 1380–1422) was a minor when he succeeded his father. His uncles, each possessed of the ambition and resources to pursue independent policies, assumed control of the government. Louis II, duc d’Anjou, soon removed himself from influence by seeking the throne of Naples; Jean, duc de Berry, received the lieutenancy of Languedoc, by then ...
- The King Goes Mad
- The Bal Des Ardents
- Dealing with England
- Marriage and Issue
- Cultural References
- External Links
His first known fit occurred in 1392 when his friend and advisor, Olivier de Clisson, was the victim of an attempted murder. Although Clisson survived, Charles was determined to punish the would-be assassin Pierre de Craon who had taken refuge in Brittany. Contemporaries said Charles appeared to be in a "fever" to begin the campaign and appeared disconnected in his speech. Charles set off with an army on July 1, 1392. The progress of the army was slow, nearly driving Charles into a frenzy of impatience. While traveling through a forest on a hot August morning, a barefoot man dressed in rags rushed up to the king's horse and grabbed his bridle. "Ride no further, noble King!" he yelled. "Turn back! You are betrayed!" The king's escorts beat the man back but did not arrest him, and he followed the procession for a half-hour, repeating his cries. The company emerged from the forest at noon. A page who was drowsy from the sun dropped the king's lance, which clanged loudly against a steel...
In January 1393, Queen Isabeau de Bavière organized a party to celebrate the marriage of one of her ladies-in-waiting. The king and five other lords dressed up as wild men and danced about chained to one another. The king's brother, Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans, approached with a lighted torch. One of the dancers caught fire and there was panic. The Duchesse de Berry, who recognized Charles, threw her robe over him and saved his life. Four of the other men perished. This incident became known as the Bal des Ardents(the 'Ball of the Burning Men'). Most accounts seem to agree that Louis's action was an accident; he was merely trying to find his brother. Be that as it may, Louis soon afterwards pursued an affair with the Queen and was murdered by his political rival John, Duke of Burgundy (also known as John the Fearless) in 1407. Charles's royal secretary Pierre Salmon spent much time in discussions with the king while he was suffering from his intermittent but incapacitating psyc...
Charles VI's reign was marked by the continuing war with the English (the Hundred Years' War). An early attempt at peace occurred in 1396 when Charles's daughter, the seven-year-old Isabella of Valois married the 29-year-old Richard II of England. The peace in France did not last. The feud between the Royal family and the house of Burgundy led to chaos and anarchy. Taking advantage, Henry V of England led an invasion which culminated in 1415 when the French army was defeated at the Battle of Agincourt. In 1420 Charles—now utterly incapacitated by his disease—signed the Treaty of Troyes which recognized Henry as his successor, declared his son a bastard and betrothed his daughter, Catherine of Valois, to Henry. Many citizens, including Joan of Arc, believed that the king only agreed to such disastrous and unprecedented terms under the mental stress of his illness and that, as a result, France could not be held to them. Charles VI died in 1422 at Paris and is interred with his wife, I...
Charles VI married: Isabeau of Bavaria (1371–September 24, 1435) on July 17, 1385. He also had one illegitimate child by Odette de Champdivers, Marguerite bâtarde de France (1407–1458).
The story "Hop-Frog, or The Eight Chained Ourang-Outangs" by Edgar Allan Poe involves a scene strikingly similar to the Bal des Ardents.McKay, Charles. Extraordinary Popular Delusions: And the Madness of Crowds. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books. 2001. ISBN 978-1573928915Retrieved June 8, 2007.Penard, Pierre Louis. Jean Juvl des Ursins: Historien de Charles VI., que de Beauvais et de Laon, archeve-duc de Reims. de sur sa vie & ses oeuvres.Boston, MA: Adamant Media Corporation. 2003.Tuchman, Barbara Wertheim. A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century. New York: Knopf. 1978. ISBN 0394400267Retrieved June 8, 2007.
All links retrieved February 6, 2017. 1. Bonjour la France. Charles VI, the Well-Beloved 1380-1422France History - French History of the Valois Dynasty 1328-1589.
- Born in War. King Charles VI’s birth came in the midst of the Hundred Years War, fought between France and England over the right to rule France. By the time he came of age and was able to fully rule, both countries had more or less exhausted their resources and were fighting through proxy wars (wars fought by third parties on behalf of the warring nations).
- Heir by Default. Charles VI was actually the third born son in his family, but his oldest brother died at age five. Then, his next brother died at just six months.
- King’s Council. When Charles assumed the throne at age 11, he wasn’t yet old enough to rule alone, so France was mainly ruled by his four uncles (the Dukes of Anjou, Berry, Burgundy, and Bourbon) and the administrative Conseil du Roi.
- Corruption and Greed. Unfortunately for Charles, his regent uncles proved to be totally corrupt. By the time he managed to end the regency and take full power, they’d raised taxes several times (which led to rebellion among the peasants) and totally looted the treasury for personal profit, leaving the country in a pretty bad financial state.
Jan 22, 2016 · Who was King Charles VI of France? Charles VI, nicknamed "Charles the Mad," was king of France from 1380 to 1422. It was a period marked by political chaos and France's defeat by England at Agincourt. He was born on December 3, 1368, in Paris, France, and inherited the crown in 1380, at age 11.
Charles VI, also known as Charles the Beloved or Charles the Mad, was a French king who ruled for 42 years between 1380 and until his death in 1422. The son of Charles V, of the House of Valois, and Joan of Bourbon, Charles received the title Dauphin of France when he was born, as all his older brothers had died before that.
Following the death of Charles II of Spain, in 1700, without any direct heir, Charles declared himself King of Spain—both were members of the House of Habsburg. The ensuing War of the Spanish Succession, which pitted France's candidate, Philip, Duke of Anjou, Louis XIV of France's grandson, against Austria's Charles, lasted for almost 14 years.
However, the most famous mad King of France was Charles VI (1368-1422), who had the conviction that he was made of glass and about to break. Charles VI of France became King at the age of 12. He was a dreamy, sentimental, agreeable and pleasure-loving young man.
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