Charles VII, called the Victorious or the Well-Served, was King of France from 1422 to his death in 1461. In the midst of the Hundred Years' War, Charles VII inherited the throne of France under desperate circumstances. Forces of the Kingdom of England and the Duke of Burgundy occupied Guyenne and northern France, including Paris, the most populous city, and Reims, the city in which French kings were traditionally crowned. In addition, his father Charles VI had disinherited him in 1420 and recog
Jul 19, 2021 · Charles VII, byname Charles The Well-served, or The Victorious, French Charles Le Bien-servi, or Le Victorieux, (born Feb. 22, 1403, Paris—died July 22, 1461, Mehun-sur-Yèvre, Fr.), king of France from 1422 to 1461, who succeeded—partly with the aid of Joan of Arc—in driving the English from French soil and in solidifying the administration of the monarchy.
Jun 04, 2017 · Charles VII is something of a contrary figure in French history. Though Charles served as regent for his mentally unbalanced father while still a teenager, Charles VI signed a treaty with Henry V of England that bypassed his own sons and named Henry the next king.
- in The Arts
Born at the Hôtel Saint-Pol, the royal residence in Paris, Charles was given the title of comte de Ponthieu at his birth in 1403. He was the eleventh child and fifth son of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria. His four elder brothers, Charles (1386), Charles (1392–1401), Louis (1397–1415) and John (1398–1417) had each held the title of Dauphin of France (heir to the French throne) in turn.All died childless, leaving Charles with a rich inheritance of titles.
Almost immediately after his accession to the title of Dauphin, Charles had to face threats to his inheritance, and he was forced to flee from Paris on 29 May 1418 after the partisans of John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy, had entered the city the previous night. By 1419, Charles had established his own court in Bourges and a Parlement in Poitiers. On 11 July of that same year, Charles and John the Fearless attempted a reconciliation by signing, on a small bridge near Pouilly-le-Fort, not fa...
Treaty of Troyes
At the death of his father, Charles VI, the succession was cast into doubt. The Treaty of Troyes, signed by Charles VI in 1420, mandated that the throne pass to the infant King Henry VI of England, the son of the recently deceased Henry V and Catherine of Valois, daughter of Charles VI; however, Frenchmen loyal to the king of France regarded the treaty as invalid on grounds of coercion and Charles VI's diminished mental capacity. For those who did not recognize the treaty and believed the Dau...
Although Charles VII's legacy is far overshadowed by the deeds and eventual martyrdom of Joan of Arc and his early reign was at times marked by indecisiveness and inaction, he was responsible for successes unprecedented in the history of the Kingdom of France. He succeeded in what four generations of his predecessors failed to do — the expulsion of the English and the conclusion of the Hundred Years' War. He had created France's first standing army since Roman times. In The Prince, Niccolo Machiavelli asserts that if his son Louis XIhad continued this policy, then the French would have become invincible. Charles VII secured himself against papal power by the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges. He also established the University of Poitiersin 1432, and his policies brought some economic prosperity to his subjects.
Charles married his second cousin Marie of Anjou on 18 December 1422. They were both great-grandchildren of King John II of France and his first wife Bonne of Bohemia through the male line. They had fourteen children:
1. Agnès Sorel, by whom he had three illegitimate daughters: 1.1. Marie, possibly born the summer of 1444. 1.2. Charlotte, m. Jacques de Brézé (their son, Louis de Brézé, seigneur d'Anet, in turn married Diane de Poitiers, herself ultimately a famous royal mistress). 2. Antoinette de Maignelais,cousin of Agnès Sorel.Appears as Charles, The Dauphin in Jean Anouilh's play The LarkAppears as Charles the Dauphin in George Bernard Shaw's play Saint JoanAppears as the Dauphin in Maxwell Anderson's Joan of LorraineAppears as a significant character in Thomas Keneally's novel "Blood Red, Sister Rose".Hanawalt, Barbara (1998). The Middle Ages: An Illustrated History. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-510359-9.Taylor, Aline (2001). Isabel of Burgundy: The Duchess who played Politics in the Age of Joan of Arc, 1397–1471. Madison Books. ISBN 1-56833-227-0.
- Civil War
- Joan of Arc
- Final Years
During the early 1400s, a civil war began between two factions of the royal family: the Burgundians and the Armagnacs. With an insane king in charge, France needed a strong regent to lead it. However, instead of uniting, both factions viciously fought each other for control. In August 1415, the civil war got even worse when King Henry V of England invaded. The king sought to renew the Hundred Years’ Warwith France. As Henry V began capturing French towns, the Burgundians and Armagnacs continued to fight each other. Charles joined the Armagnacs, and with their backing, became regent in 1418. Shortly after, the prince attempted to make peace with the Duke of Burgundy. Unfortunately for Charles, his efforts would be ruined by his supporters. On September 10, 1419, the Armagnacs murdered the Duke of Burgundy. The duke had planned on meeting with Charles. When he arrived, Armagnac supporters killed him in front of the prince. In retaliation, the new duke, Philip, allied himself with Henr...
During the first several years of Charles VII’s reign, he struggled with gaining necessary funds, failed at reconciling with the Duke of Burgundy, and was unable to break the Anglo-Burgundian alliance. To make matters worse, England continued to gain territory. Distressed at his failures, the king seriously considered submitting to the English. However, Charles’ confidence would be restored after a meeting with Joan of Arc. Originally a peasant girl from Lorraine, Joan of Arc had received a vision from God in May 1428. God instructed Joan to help Charles VII expel the English from France. Although uncertain, Joan accepted her mission and sought out the king. In February 1429, she met with Charles. Impressed by her, the king provided Joan with military aid and allowed her to fight. Joan of Arc had an inspirational effect on French troops. As a result, the French began to experience military success. After many victories against the English, Joan escorted Charles VII to Reims to be cr...
Charles VII spent the remainder of his reign engaged in conflict with his heir, the future Louis XI. Both men often disagreed with each other. A cunning and ruthless prince, Louis tended to intrigue behind the king’s back. Charles eventually reached a breaking point with his son after Louis refused to submit to him. To escape his father’s wrath, Louis fled to Burgundy for protection. The two men remained estranged until Charles’s death on July 22, 1461.
Charles VII proved to be one of France’s most important kings. Inheriting a chaotic kingdom, Charles managed to rise from an exiled claimant to a crowned king. By creating peace with Burgundy, Charles gradually turned the tide of war in France’s favor. In 1453, the king finally emerged victorious against the English. With his kingdom secured, Charles focused on rebuilding it for his successors.
Knecht, R. J. (2008). The Valois: Kings of France, 1328-1589. London: Hambledon and London. Lanhers, Y. (2020, February 18). Charles VII. Retrieved May 07, 2020, from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Charles-VII-king-of-France
Dec 20, 2020 · Charles VII, King of France 2 Charles VII, Roi de France was born on 22 February 1403 at Paris, France. He was the son of Charles VI, Roi de France and Isabelle von Bayern.3 He married Maria d'Anjou, daughter of Louis II, Duc d'Anjou and Yolande de Aragón, on 18 December 1422. He died on 21 July 1461 at age 58 at Bourges, Orléanais, France.
- Catherine of France, Countess of Charolais, Charles de Valois, Duc de Berry
- February 22, 1403
- "the Victorious", "the Well-Served"
- Hotel St.Pol, Paris, Ile de France, France
After the French won the Battle of Patay, Charles was crowned King Charles VII of France on 17 July 1429, in Reims Cathedral as the de jure king. Jeanne was later captured by the Burgundians who handed her over to the English.
Charles VII was the King of France from 1422 to 1461. Also known as Charles The Well-served, or The Victorious, he ascended to the throne during a period of great political turmoil in France. He was born as the son of the French King Charles VI who was known to be of unstable mind.
- Childhood and Early Life
- Rise to Prominence
- Joan of Arc
King Charles VII of France was born to Charles VI andIsabeau of Bavaria on the 22 February 1403 into the Royal House of Valois in Paris, France. He was their fifth son, and before his ascension to the throne, he was known as the Count of Ponthieu. His older brothers predeceased their father and left no heirs. Charles (b.1392-d.1401), Louis (b.1397-d.1415) and John(b.1398-d.1417).
When his brother John died in 1417, King Charles VII became the Dauphin of France. He also became Lieutenant-General. He became regent in December 1418. In 1419, Charles VII lost authority in the north of the country when John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy was murdered at Montereau. At the time France was involved in The Hundred Years War (1337-1453) which was raging with the House of Plantagenet of England. The English and Burgundians believed that the murder was planned and Charleswas disinherited by the Treaty of Troyes in 1420. Under the treaty, Charles VI recognized Henry V of England as his successor to the French crown.
When his father died in 1422, Charles VIIreturned to Mehun-sur-Yevre, the seat of government and claimed the throne. He relocated his court to Bourges. The House of Valois was also embroiled in a civil war with the House of Valois-Bundy who were supported by the English. The southern areas of France recognized him as king, but the more powerful northern provinces under the influence of the English were hostile. The English Duke of Bedford, Regent of Henry VI of England, ruled a vast area of France including Paris. Events leading up to his eventual crowning in 1429 were spearheaded by Joan of Arc who along with Robert de Baudricourt, formed an army of supporters. Joan of Arc visited Charles VII in Chinon on the 23 February 1429 to meet him for the first time. His interaction with Joan of Arc and her spiritual faith in the French monarchy restored his confidence and belief in his divine role as king. He was referred to her as Noble Dauphin. Joan of Arc’s further involvement in the bat...