Clementine Ogilvy Spencer Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill, GBE (née Hozier; 1 April 1885 – 12 December 1977) was the wife of Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and a life peer in her own right. While legally the daughter of Sir Henry Hozier, her mother’s known infidelity and his suspected infertility make her ...
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Jul 30, 2019 · Born Clementine Ogilvy Hozier, Clementine Churchill (April 1, 1885 – December 12, 1977) was a British noblewoman and the wife of prime minister Winston Churchill. Although she lived a relatively quiet life, she was honored in later life with a Dame Grand Cross and a life peerage in her own right.
Sep 03, 2018 · Clementine Churchill outside the Royal Academy in Piccadilly, London. (Credit: W. G. Phillips/Topical Press Agency/Getty Images) Clementine’s life is a success story in and of itself.
- Clementine Churchill was bold. Most assume that Winston Churchill’s wife would have been a rather mousy, even subservient woman in awe of her illustrious husband.
- She was far from the paradigm of an upper-class matron with a sense of entitlement. Both Clementine and Winston had suffered emotionally deprived childhoods, and their determination to weather together all that life threw at them was perhaps rooted in common feelings of insecurity.
- Clementine harboured a life-long, latent hostility to the Conservative party – even when her husband was its leader. She took particular exception to those she deemed brash, vulgar Tories, and would ‘erupt’ at them if they spouted views of which she strongly disapproved.
- Clementine was taller than Winston and considerably more athletic. She excelled at hunting, tennis and swimming. Her laugh – a full-throated cackle, said to be very infectious – was also much louder than his quiet chuckle.
- Early Life
- Marriage and Children
- World War I
- World War II
- After The War
- Later Life and Death
Although legally the daughter of Henry Montague Hozier and Lady Blanche Hozier (a daughter of David Ogilvy, 10th Earl of Airlie), her paternity is a subject of much debate, as Lady Blanche was well known for infidelity. After Sir Henry found Lady Blanche with a lover in 1891, she managed to avert her husband's suit for divorce because of his own infidelities, and thereafter the couple separated. Lady Blanche maintained that Clementine's biological father was Capt. William George "Bay" Middleton, a noted horseman; Mary Soames, Clementine's youngest child, believed this. However, Clementine's biographer, Joan Hardwick, has surmised (due in part to Sir Henry Hozier's reputed sterility) that all Lady Blanche's "Hozier" children were actually fathered by her sister's husband, Algernon Bertram Freeman-Mitford, 1st Baron Redesdale (1837–1916), better known as a grandfather of the famous Mitford sistersof the 1920s. Whatever her true paternity, Clementine is recorded as being the daughter o...
The courtship between Clementine and Winston Churchill was a short one. Having met four years earlier, they were re-acquainted during a dinner party in 1908. There was an instant attraction. On their first brief encounter Winston had recognised Clementine's beauty and distinction; now, after an evening spent in her company, he realised that here was a girl of lively intelligence and great character.After months of correspondence, Winston wrote to Clementine's mother, Lady Blanche Hozier, requesting consent for their marriage. The letter was not delivered as Churchill subsequently decided to accompany Clementine to see Lady Blanche. On 12 September 1908, at St. Margaret's, Westminster, Clementine married Winston Churchill, more than a decade older and already a seasoned Parliamentarian. They had five children: Diana (1909–1963); Randolph (1911–1968); Sarah (1914–1982); Marigold (1918–1921); and Mary(1922–2014). Only Mary, the youngest, shared their parents' longevity, the others all...
During World War I, Clementine Churchill organised canteens for munitions workers on behalf of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) in the North East Metropolitan Area of London, for which she was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire(CBE) in 1918.
In the 1930s, Clementine travelled without Winston aboard Lord Moyne's yacht, the Rosaura, to exotic islands: Borneo, Celebes, the Moluccas, New Caledonia, and the New Hebrides. During this trip, many believe that she had an affair with Terence Philip, a wealthy art dealer seven years her junior. However, no one has ever provided conclusive evidence, and Philip was believed by many to have been homosexual. She brought back from this trip a Bali dove. When it died, she buried it in the garden at Chartwellbeneath a sundial. On the sundial's base, she had inscribed: As the wife of a politician who often took controversial stands, Clementine was used to being snubbed and treated rudely by the wives of other politicians. However, she could take only so much. Once, traveling with Lord Moyne and his guests, the party was listening to a BBC broadcast in which the speaker, a vehemently pro-appeasement politician, criticised Winston by name. Vera, Lady Broughton, a guest of Moyne, said "hear,...
During World War II, she was Chairman of the Red Cross Aid to Russia Fund, the President of the Young Women's Christian AssociationWar Time Appeal and the Chairman of Maternity Hospital for the Wives of Officers, Fulmer Chase. While touring Russia near the end of the war she was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour.
In 1946, she was appointed a Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire, becoming Dame Clementine Churchill GBE. Later, she was awarded honorary degrees by the University of Glasgow and the University of Oxford and, in 1976, by the University of Bristol.
After more than 56 years of marriage, Clementine was widowed on 24 January 1965 when Winston died at the age of 90. Following Sir Winston's death, on 17 May 1965 she was created a life peer as Baroness Spencer-Churchill, of Chartwell in the County of Kent. She sat as a cross-bencher, but her growing deafness precluded her taking a regular part in parliamentary life. In her final few years, inflation and rising expenses left Lady Spencer-Churchill in financial difficulties, and in early 1977 she sent five paintings by her late husband to auction. The sale went much better than expected and alleviated her problems. Only after her death was it discovered she had destroyed the famous Graham Sutherland portrait of her husbandbecause Winston had not liked it. Lady Spencer-Churchill died at her London home, at 7 Princes Gate, Knightsbridge, of a heart attack on 12 December 1977. She was 92 years old and had outlived her husband by almost 13 years, as well as three of her f...
The Clementine Churchill Hospital in Harrow, Middlesex, is named after her. A plaque on the Berkhamsted house where the young Clementine Hozier had lived during her education at Berkhamsted Girls' School was unveiled in 1979 by her youngest daughter, Baroness Soames. A blue plaquealso commemorates her residence there.
Churchill, Randolph (1969). Companion Volume, 1907–1911. Authorised biography of Winston S. Churchill. II Part 2. London: Heinemann. OCLC 49932109.Lovell, M.S. (2012), The Churchills: A Family at the Heart of History – from the Duke of Marlborough to Winston Churchill, Abacus (Little, Brown), ISBN 978-0349-11978-6Purnell, S. (2015), First Lady: The Private Wars of Clementine Churchill, Aurum Press Limited, ISBN 978-1781-31306-0Soames, M. (2002), Clementine Churchill, Doubleday, ISBN 978-0385-60446-8
Clementine Churchill, or Baroness Spencer-Churchill, GBE, was a British noblewoman, humanitarian, life peer, and public figure, better known as the wife of Winston Churchill, prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The youngest child of Winston and Clementine Churchill recounts how her parents became engaged at the time her father was President of the Board of Trade. During the months of June and July [1908, Winston] and Clementine met several times, but as unmarried girls did not in those days lunch or dine alone with men, they met in the main only on ...
Jun 01, 1979 · Clementine Churchill — shy, passionate, and high-strung — shunned publicity but was in the limelight throughout her adult life. As a young woman, her character, intelligence, and good looks won the attention of the impetuous Winston Churchill.
Clementine Churchill , Baroness Spencer-Churchill, the wife of Sir Winston Churchill, arrives at Kensington Register Office in London for the wedding... Clementine Churchill , Baroness Spencer-Churchill, the widow of Sir Winston Churchill, chats with British Prime Minister Edward Heath during a...