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    • Sibelius : violin concerto (Hilary Hahn)
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  1. concerto | Definition, History, & Examples | Britannica

    The word concerto has given trouble to music historians concerned with word origins because within a century after its first known applications to music, in the early 1500s, it had acquired two meanings that would seem to be mutually exclusive. One meaning still current in Italian is that of “agreement,” or, as in English, of being “in ...

  2. Concerto - Wikipedia

    A concerto (/ k ə n ˈ tʃ ɛər t oʊ /; plural concertos, or concerti from the Italian plural) is, from the late Baroque era, mostly understood as an instrumental composition, written for one or more soloists accompanied by an orchestra or other ensemble.

  3. History of the Concerto | Music Appreciation
    • Early Baroque Concerto
    • Late Baroque Concerto
    • Classical Concerto
    • Romantic Concerto
    • 20th Century
    • Concertos For Two Or More Instruments

    The term “concerto” was initially used to denote works involving voices and instruments in which the instruments had independent parts—as opposed to the Renaissance common practice in which the instruments that accompanied voices only doubled the voice parts. Examples of this earlier form of concerto include Giovanni Gabrieli’s “In Ecclesiis” or Heinrich Schütz’s “Saul, Saul, was verfolgst du mich.”

    The concerto began to take its modern shape in the late Baroque period. Starting from a form called Concerto grosso popularized by Arcangelo Corelli, it evolved into the form we understand today as performance of a soloist with/against an orchestra.The main composers of concerti of the baroque were Tommaso Albinoni, Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Philipp Telemann, Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel,Pietro Locatelli, Giuseppe Tartini, Francesco Geminiani and Johann Joachim Quantz. The conce...

    The concerti of the sons of Johann Sebastian Bach are perhaps the best links between those of the Baroque period and those of the Classical era.It is conventional to state that the first movements of concerti from the Classical period onwards follow the structure of sonata form. Final movements are often in rondo form, as in J.S. Bach’s E Major Violin Concerto.

    In the 19th century the concerto as a vehicle for virtuosic display flourished as never before. It was the age in which the artist was seen as hero, to be worshipped and adulated with rapture. Early Romantic traits can be found in the violin concertos of Viotti, but it is Spohr’s twelve violin concertos, written between 1802 and 1827, that truly embrace the Romantic spirit with their melodic as well as their dramatic qualities.Beethoven’s Violin Concerto is unique in its scale and melodic qua...

    Many of the concertos written in the early 20th century belong more to the late Romantic school than to any modernistic movement. Masterpieces were written by Edward Elgar (a violin concerto and a cello concerto), Sergei Rachmaninoff and Nikolai Medtner (four and three piano concertos, respectively), Jean Sibelius (a violin concerto),Frederick Delius (a violin concerto, a cello concerto, a piano concerto and a double concerto for violin and cello), Karol Szymanowski (two violin concertos and...

    Many composers also wrote concertos for two or more soloists.In the Baroque era: 1. Vivaldi‘s concerti for 2, 3 or 4 violins, for 2 cellos, for 2 mandolins, for 2 trumpets, for 2 flutes, for oboe and bassoon, for cello and bassoon… etc.. Some of Vivaldi’s concerti were written for a very large number of soloists, including the extraordinary RV555 which features 3 violins, an oboe, 2 recorders, 2 viole all’inglese, a chalumeau, 2 cellos, 2 harpsichords and 2 trumpets. 2. Bach‘s concerti for 2...

  4. Concerto | Definition of Concerto by Merriam-Webster

    Concerto definition is - a piece for one or more soloists and orchestra with three contrasting movements. How to use concerto in a sentence.

  5. The concerto, as understood today, arose in the Baroque era with the 'concerto grosso', a musical form where a small group of players contrasted against a bigger orchestra. While the concerto grosso eventually declined, the solo concerto remains one of the most popular musical forms in Western classical music.

  6. The Classical Concerto | Music Appreciation
    • Introduction
    • Violin Concertos
    • Cello Concertos
    • Keyboard Concertos
    • Concertos For Other Instruments

    A concerto (from the Italian: concerto, plural concerti or, often, the anglicized form concertos) is a musical composition usually composed in three parts or movements, in which (usually) one solo instrument (for instance, a piano, violin, cello or flute) is accompanied by an orchestra or concert band.The etymology is uncertain, but the word seems to have originated from the conjunction of the two Latin words conserere (meaning to tie, to join, to weave) and certamen (competition, fight): the...

    Mozart wrote five violin concertos, in quick succession. They show a number of influences, notably Italian and Austrian. Several passages have leanings towards folk music, as manifested in Austrian serenades.Haydn wrote four violin concerti.Beethoven wrote only one violin concerto.

    Haydn wrote at least two cello concertos which are the most important works in that genre of the classical era. However, C.P.E. Bach’s three cello concertos are also noteworthy.

    C.P.E. Bach’s keyboard concertos contain some brilliant soloistic writing. Some of them have movements that run into one another without a break, and there are frequent cross-movement thematic references.Mozart, as a boy, made arrangements for harpsichord and orchestra of three sonata movements by Johann Christian Bach. By the time he was twenty, Mozart was able to write concerto ritornelli that gave the orchestra admirable opportunity for asserting its character in an exposition with some fi...

    C.P.E. Bach wrote four flute concertos and two oboe concertos.Mozart wrote one concerto each for flute, oboe (later rearranged for flute and known as Flute Concerto No. 2), clarinet, and bassoon, four for horn, a Concerto for Flute, Harp, and Orchestra, a Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra, and Exsultate, jubilate, a de facto concerto for soprano voice. They all exploit and explore the characteristics of the solo instrument.Haydn wrote an important trumpet concerto and a Sin...

  7. People also ask

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  8. Concerto | Definition of Concerto at

    Concerto definition, a composition for one or more principal instruments, with orchestral accompaniment, now usually in symphonic form. See more.

  9. Define concerto. concerto synonyms, concerto pronunciation, concerto translation, English dictionary definition of concerto. ... (Classical Music) a composition for ...

  10. Concerto grosso | music | Britannica

    Concerto grosso, common type of orchestral music of the Baroque era (c. 1600–c. 1750), characterized by contrast between a small group of soloists (soli, concertino, principale) and the full orchestra (tutti, concerto grosso, ripieno). The titles of early concerti grossi often reflected their

  11. Understanding Concertos in Classical Music - dummies

    Concerto (“con-CHAIR-toe”) started life meaning “concert” in Italian. In today’s musical lingo, though, a concerto is a piece of music in which one player (the “soloist”) sits or stands at the front of the stage playing the melody while the rest of the orchestra accompanies her. The concerto soloist is the hero or heroine, the …