Confucius was educated at schools for commoners, where he studied and learned the Six Arts. Confucius was born into the class of shi (士), between the aristocracy and the common people. He is said to have worked in various government jobs during his early 20s, and as a bookkeeper and a caretaker of sheep and horses, using the proceeds to give ...
- Spring and Autumn Period
The Spring and Autumn period was a period in Chinese history...
Qufu (pronounced [tɕʰý.fû]; Chinese: 曲阜) is a city in...
- Golden Rule
The Golden Rule is the principle of treating others as one...
- Spring and Autumn Period
Confucius(born 551 BC, died 479 BC) was an important Chineseeducatorand philosopher. His original name was Kong Qiu or Zhong Ni. As a child, he was eager to learn about everything, and was very interested in rituals. Once he grew up, he worked as a state official who handled farms and cattle.
Confucius (Kǒng Fūzǐ in pinyin, 孔夫子 in Chinese mandarin) (551 - 479 BC) wis a Cheenese thinker an social philosopher, whase teachins an philosophy hae deeply influenced Cheenese, Korean, Japanese an Vietnamese thocht an life. He stairtit the Cheenese releegion an philosophy ca'd Confucianism.
Confucius De la Wikipedia, enciclopedia liberă Confucius (sau Kong Fu Zi, n. 9 octombrie 552 î.Hr., Qufu, Shandong, Chinese Empire (d) – d. 479 î.Hr., Lu (state) (d), Chinese Empire (d)) a fost un filozof chinez, născut în regiunea Lu, filozof care a influențat decisiv gândirea asiatică.
Confucius Institutes are public educational partnerships between colleges and universities in China and colleges and universities in other countries; the partnerships are funded and arranged in part by Hanban which is itself affiliated with the Chinese government. The stated aim of the program is to promote Chinese language and culture, support local Chinese teaching internationally, and facilitate cultural exchanges. The organization has been criticized over concerns of the Chinese government's
The first Confucius Institute opened on 21 November 2004 in Seoul, South Korea, after establishing a pilot institute in Tashkent, Uzbekistan in June 2004. The CI in South Korea is no longer active. The second Confucius Institute was opened on the campus of the University of Maryland, College Park, also in November 2004. Hundreds more have opened since in dozens of countries around the world, with the highest concentration of institutes in the United States, Japan, and South Korea. In April 2007,
The Confucius Institute is named after the noted Chinese philosopher Confucius. Throughout the 20th century, Communist Party of China leaders criticized and denounced Confucius as the personification of China's "feudal" traditions, with anti-Confucianism ranging from the 1912 New Culture Movement to the 1973 Criticize Lin, Criticize Confucius campaign during the Cultural Revolution. However, in recent decades, interest in pre-modern Chinese culture has grown in the country, and Confucius in part
Confucius Institutes promote and teach Chinese culture and language around the world. CIs develop Chinese language courses, train teachers, hold the HSK Examination, host cultural and artistic presentations, and provide information about contemporary China. The director of the CI program, Xu Lin, stated that CIs were started to cater to the sudden uptick in interest of the Chinese language around the world. They also provide Chinese language teaching staff from Mainland China. As of 2011, there
Hanban is a non-profit government organization, though it is connected with the Ministry of Education and has close ties to a number of senior Communist Party officials. The Confucius Institute headquarters in Beijing establishes the guidelines which the separate Confucius Institutes worldwide follows. The headquarters is governed by a council with fifteen members, ten of whom are directors of overseas institutes. The institutes themselves are individually managed under the leadership of their o
The curriculum of Confucius Institutes is based on the institute's role as a language center. School officials, researchers, and other people interviewed by the U.S. Government Accountability Office offered mixed experiences in their autonomy over the curriculum. According to the GAO report, "officials from multiple case study schools noted that U.S. school faculty members make all decisions regarding conference themes, guest speakers, and topics for events at their institute." Further, some sch
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Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is a system of thought and behavior originating in ancient China.
- 儒家, 儒, 儒教
- "ru school of thought"
- Nho giáo
- Outside mainland China
A temple of Confucius or Confucian temple is a temple for the veneration of Confucius and the sages and philosophers of Confucianism in Chinese folk religion and other East Asian religions. They were formerly the site of the administration of the imperial examination in China, Korea, Japan and Vietnam and often housed schools and other studying facilities. Temple of Confucius The Temple of Confucius in Qufu c. 1912 Chinese name Traditional Chinese孔廟 Simplified Chinese孔庙 Literal...
The temples are known by a variety of names throughout East Asia. The two greatest temples in Qufu and Beijing are now known in Chinese as "Temples of Confucius". In some localities, they are known as "Temples of Literature" or "Temples of the Sage of Literature". In Southern China, however, temples by that name generally honor Wenchang Wang, a separate deity associated with the scholar Zhang Yazi. In Japan, they are usually known as "Temples" or "Halls of the Sage".
The development of state temples devoted to the cult of Confucius was an outcome of his gradual canonisation. In 195 BC, Han Gao Zu, founder of the Han Dynasty, offered a sacrifice to the spirit of Confucius at his tomb in Qufu. Sacrifices to the spirit of Confucius and that of Yan Hui, his most prominent disciple, began in the Imperial University as early as 241.
Beginning in the Tang dynasty, Confucian temples were built in prefectural and county schools throughout the empire, either to the front of or on one side of the school. The front gate of the temple is called the Lingxing Gate. Inside there are normally three courtyards, although sometimes there are only two. However, the complex in Qufu has nine courtyards containing scores of steles commemorating visits by an emperor or imperial grants of noble titles upon descendants of Confucius. The main bu
The state cult of Confucius centred upon offering sacrifices to Confucius's spirit in the Confucian temple.
With the spread of Confucian learning throughout East Asia, Confucian temples were also built in Vietnam, Korea, and Japan. Starting in the 18th century, some were even built in Europe and the Americas. At their height, there are estimated to have been over 3,000 Confucian temples in existence.
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Confucius: A Biography. Stroud, Gloucestershire, England: Sutton Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7509-4775-6. Confucius (1997). Lun yu, (in English The Analects of Confucius). Translation and notes by Simon Leys. New York: W.W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-04019-4. Confucius (2003). Confucius: Analects—With Selections from Traditional Commentaries. Translated ...
- The Analects
- The Doctrine of The Mean
- The Great Learning
The Analectson Wikisource 學而篇 1. 學而時習之、不亦說乎。有朋自遠方來、不亦樂乎。人不知而不慍、不亦君子乎。 1.1. Isn't it a pleasure to study and practice what you have learned?Isn't it also great when friends visit from distant places? If one remains not annoyed when he is not understood by people around him, isn't he a sage? 1.2. The opening of the Analects and thus the first phrase of Chapter I after which the Chinese title of this book is named 學而. 1. 巧言令色、鮮矣仁。 1.1. Fine words and an insinuating appearance are seldom associated with true virtue. 1.2. Variant: Someone who is a clever speaker and maintains a 'too-smiley' face is seldom considered a humane person. 1. 不患人之不己知，患不知人也。 1.1. I am not bothered by the fact that I am not understood. I am bothered when I do not know others. 1. 主忠信。毋友不如己者。過，則勿憚改。 1.1. Be loyal and trustworthy. Do not befriend anyone who is lower than yourself in this regard. When making a mistake, do not be afraid to correctit. 1. 道千乘之國，敬事而信，節用而愛人，使民以時。 1.1. If you would govern a state of a thou...
The Doctrine of the Meanon Wikisource 1. What Heaven has conferred is called The Nature; an accordance with this nature is called The Path of duty; the regulation of this path is called Instruction. The path may not be left for an instant. If it could be left, it would not be the path.On this account, the superior man does not wait till he sees things, to be cautious, nor till he hears things, to be apprehensive. 1. There is nothing more visible than what is secret, and nothing more manifest than what is minute. Therefore the superior man is watchful over himself, when he is alone. 1. Let the states of equilibrium and harmony exist in perfection, and a happy order will prevail throughout heaven and earth, and all things will be nourished and flourish. 1. Perfect is the virtue which is according to the Mean! Rare have they long been among the people, who could practice it! 1. I know how it is that the path of the Mean is not walked in — The knowing go beyond it, and the stupid do not...
What the great learning teaches, is to illustrate illustrious virtue; to renovate the people; and to rest in the highest excellence. The point where to rest being known, the object of pursuit is th...