Batasan. Klasifikasi tumbuhan masa lalu memasukkan pula semua alga ("ganggang") dan fungi (cendawan, termasuk jamur lendir, bahkan bakteri), sebagai anggotanya.Batasan tumbuhan semacam ini dikenal sebagai tumbuhan dalam arti luas, yang kini dianggap sudah usang.
The neokaryotes (Cavalier-Smith 1993) are a proposed eukaryote clade consisting of the unikonts and the bikonts as sister of for instance the Jakobea.It arises because the Euglenozoa, Percolozoa, Tsukubea, and Jakobea are seen in this view as more basal eukaryotes.
Ctenophora (/ t ə ˈ n ɒ f ər ə /; sg. ctenophore / ˈ t ɛ n ə f ɔːr, ˈ t iː n ə-/; from Ancient Greek κτείς (kteis) 'comb', and φέρω (pherō) 'to carry') comprise a phylum of marine invertebrates, commonly known as comb jellies, that inhabit sea waters worldwide.
Sphaeroforma arctica, is a unicellular eukaryote with a pivotal position in the tree of life.It was first isolated from the arctic marine amphipod Gammarus setosus. Like other Ichthyosporeans such as Creolimax and Abeoforma, Sphaeroforma arctica are spherical cells characterized with their capacity to grow into multi-nucleated coenocytes (multi-nucleates cell).
Euglena is a genus of single cell flagellate eukaryotes.It is the best known and most widely studied member of the class Euglenoidea, a diverse group containing some 54 genera and at least 200 species.
Etymology. The English word fungus is directly adopted from the Latin fungus (mushroom), used in the writings of Horace and Pliny. This in turn is derived from the Greek word sphongos (σφόγγος 'sponge'), which refers to the macroscopic structures and morphology of mushrooms and molds; the root is also used in other languages, such as the German Schwamm ('sponge') and Schimmel ('mold').
Viridiplantae (literally "green plants") are a clade of eukaryotic organisms that comprise approximately 450,000–500,000 species and play important roles in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.