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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › CroatiaCroatia - Wikipedia

    Croatia ( / kroʊˈeɪʃə / ( listen), kroh-AY-shə; Croatian: Hrvatska, pronounced [xř̩ʋaːtskaː] ), officially the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Republika Hrvatska, ( listen) ), [e] is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe. It shares a coastline along the Adriatic Sea.

    • Andrej Plenković

      Andrej Plenković (pronounced [ǎndreːj plěːŋkoʋitɕ] (); born...

    • Flag

      History. The flag combines the colours of the flags of the...

    • Religion in Croatia

      The most widely professed religion in Croatia is...

  2. The Croatian Wikipedia ( Croatian: Wikipedija na hrvatskome jeziku) is the Croatian version of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, started on February 16, 2003. [1] This version has 212,821 articles and a total of 6.42 million edits have been made (live count).

    • February 16, 2003; 19 years ago
    • Croatian
    • Prehistoric Period
    • Roman Expansion
    • Dutchy of Croatia
    • Kingdom of Croatia
    • Personal Union with Hungary (1102–1527) and Republic of Venice
    • Croatia in The Habsburg Monarchy
    • Croats Inside First Yugoslavia
    • World War II and The Independent State of Croatia
    • Socialist Yugoslavia
    • Republic of Croatia

    The area known today as Croatia was inhabited throughout the prehistoric period. Fossils of Neanderthals dating to the middle Palaeolithic period have been unearthed in northern Croatia, with the most famous and the best presented site in Krapina. Remnants of several Neolithic and Chalcolithic cultures were found in all regions of the country. The ...

    Before Roman expansion the eastern Adriatic coast made the northern part of Illyrian kingdom between the 4th century BC until the Illyrian Wars in the 220s BC and 168 BC when the Roman Republic established its protectorate south of the river Neretva. The area north of the Neretva was slowly incorporated into Roman possession until the province of I...

    Eventually a dukedom was formed, Duchy of Croatia, ruled by Borna, as attested by chronicles of Einhard starting in the year 818. The record represents the first document of Croatian realms, vassal states of Franciaat the time. The Frankish overlordship ended during the reign of Mislav two decades later. According to the Constantine VII christianiz...

    The first king of Croatia is generally considered to be king Tomislav from the first half of 10th century, who is mentioned as such in letters regarding Church Councils of Split, as well as De Administrando Imperio. The latter source, also informs us about Tomislav's army driving off Bulgarian invasion of Croatia in Battle of Bosnian Highlandsin 92...

    Croatia under Árpád dynasty

    The consequence of entering a personal union with Hungary, under the Hungarian king was among others the introduction of a feudal system. The later kings sought to restore some of their previously lost influence by giving certain privileges to the towns. Over the next four centuries, the Kingdom of Croatia was governed by the Sabor (parliament) and a Ban (viceroy) appointed by the king. In year 1217, Hungarian king Andrew II, took the sign of cross and vowed to go to The Fifth Crusade. After...

    Croatia under Anjou dynasty

    Lord Paul Šubić, accumulated so much power, that he ruled as de facto independent ruler. He coined his own money and held the hereditary title of ban of Croatia. Following the death of king Ladislaus IV of Hungary, who had no male heir, a succession crisis emerged, and in 1300, Paul decided to invite Charles Robert of Anjou to come to Kingdom of Hungary and take over its royal seat. A civil war ensued in which Charles' party prevailed after winning a decisive victory over its opponents in Bat...

    The Ottoman expansion

    As the Ottoman expansion into Europe started, Croatian lands became the place of permanent warfare and this period of history is considered to be one of the most dire for people living in Croatia.. The Ottoman conquest in Croatia began after the fall of Bosnia to the Ottomans in 1463. In subsequest period, armies of Croatian nobility fought numerous battles to counter the Ottoman Akinji and Martolos raids. These Ottoman forces would operate by raiding the Croatian countryside and then plunder...

    Remnants of the Remnants

    Croats fought an increasing number of battles, but gradually lost increasing swathes of territory to the Ottoman Empire, until being reduced to what is commonly called in Croatian historiography "Remains of the Remains of Once Glorious Croatian Kingdom" (Reliquiae reliquiarum olim inclyti regni Croatiae). Hungarian king Louis II was killed in Battle of Mohács in 1526, and in November of same year, a Hungarian parliament elected János Szapolyaias the new king of Hungary. In December 1526, anot...

    The Great Turkish War - A Revived Croatia

    Despite the decline of the Ottoman might in the 17th century, The Ottoman high command, deciced to besiege the Habsburg capital Vienna in 1683, but were ultimately routed by the joint Christian armies defending it. Soon, The Holy League was formed and The Great Turkish War was launched. In Croatian theater of operations, several commanders distinguished themselves, such as friar Luka Ibrišimović, whose rebels defeated the Ottomans in Požega, or Marko Mesić, who led the anti-Ottoman uprising i...

    The Late Modern Period

    By the 18th century, the Ottoman Empire was driven out of Hungary, and Austria brought the empire under central control. Empress Maria Theresa of Austria was supported by the Croatians in the War of Austrian Succession of 1741–1748 and subsequently made significant contributions to Croatian matters. With the Treaty of Sistova in 1791, Ottoman-held areas of Donji Lapac and Cetingrad, along with villages of Drežnik Grad and Jasenovac, were ceded to the Habsburg Monarchy and incorporated into th...

    The creation of new state happened in late 1918: after Srijem left Croatia-Slavonia and joined Serbia together with Vojvodina, shortly followed by a referendum to join Bosnia and Herzegovina to Serbia, the People's Council of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (Narodno vijeće), guided by what was by that time a half a century long tradition of pan-Slavism ...

    The Axis occupation of Yugoslavia in 1941 allowed the Croatian radical right Ustaše to come into power, forming the "Independent State of Croatia" (Nezavisna Država Hrvatska, NDH), led by Ante Pavelić, who assumed the role of Poglavnik. Following the pattern of other fascist regimes in Europe, the Ustashi enacted racial laws, formed eight concentra...

    Tito's leadership of the LCY

    Croatia was a Socialist Republic part of a six-part Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. Under the new communist system, privately owned factories and estates were nationalized, and the economy was based on a type of planned market socialism. The country underwent a rebuilding process, recovered from World War II, went through industrialization and started developing tourism. The country's socialist system also provided free apartments from big companies, which with the workers' self-...

    Until the breakup of Yugoslavia

    In 1980, after Tito's death, economic, political, and religious difficulties started to mount and the federal government began to crumble. The crisis in Kosovo and, in 1986, the emergence of Slobodan Milošević in Serbia provoked a very negative reaction in Croatia and Slovenia; politicians from both republics feared that his motives would threaten their republics' autonomy. With the climate of change throughout Eastern Europe during the 1980s, the communist hegemony was challenged (at the sam...

    Political changes

    On 22 April and 7 May 1990, the first free multi-party elections were held in Croatia. Franjo Tuđman's Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) won by a 42% margin against Ivica Račan's reformed communist Party of Democratic Change (SDP) who won 26%. However, Croatia's first-past-the-postelection system enabled Tuđman to form the government relatively independently as the win translated into 205 mandates (out of 351 total). The HDZ's intentions were to secure independence for Croatia, contrary to the...

    War of Independence

    The civilian population fled the areas of armed conflict en masse: generally speaking, hundreds of thousands of Croats moved away from the Bosnian and Serbian border areas. In many places, masses of civilians were forced out by the Yugoslav National Army (JNA), who consisted mostly of conscripts from Serbia and Montenegro, and irregulars from Serbia, in what became known as ethnic cleansing. The border city of Vukovar underwent a three-month siege during the Battle of Vukovar. It left most of...

    Since the end of the war

    Croatia became a member of the Council of Europe in 1996.The years 1996 and 1997 were a period of post-war recovery and improving economic conditions. However, in 1998 and 1999 Croatia experienced an economic depression, which brought unemployment for thousands of citizens. The remaining part of former "Krajina", areas adjacent to FR Yugoslavia, negotiated a peaceful reintegration process with the Croatian government. The so-called Erdut Agreement made the area a temporary protectorate of the...

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    In earlier times, the land now known as Croatia was inhabited by different kinds of humans including Neanderthals and Neolithiccultures. In Roman times, seafaring pirates known to the Romans as the Dalmatian Tribes lived there, as the Histri, Liburni and the Delmatae. The Romans conquered and annexed the territory in 9 AD, calling it the province o...

    Croatia is in Central and Southeast Europe, bordering Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the south-east, Montenegro to the south-east, the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and Slovenia to the northwest. It lies mostly between latitudes 42° and 47° N and longitudes 13° and 20° E. Part of the territory in the extrem...

    Croatia adopted its constitution in 1990. It declared independence from Yugoslaviaon 8 October 1991. The President of the Republic is the head of state. The President is directly elected to a five-year term. The Constitution limits the President to a maximum of two terms. Zoran Milanović became president in 2020.The Prime Minister of Croatia is the...

    Croatia is one of the richest countries of the Balkan Peninsula and of the former Yugoslavia's countries. But Croatia had also the highest cost prices of the whole Central Europe. The average monthly salary/wages in Croatia standing on 739 euro or nearly US$1000. The retirement age for men is 65 years and for women 60 years.The health care enjoys r...

    Education is free and required until the child reaches the age of 15. Many choose to continue their studies in high school until the age of 18.

    After the war that devastated the country, Croatia has rebuilt its infrastructure, revitalizing its image as a Mediterranean country with crystal clear waters, medieval cities that mix western and eastern architecture, respect for the environment and traditions with the arrival of tourism. Dubrovnikhas become the most characteristic symbol of this ...

    The Croatian government's official website @ vlada.hr Archived 2007-02-05 at the Wayback Machine
    Basic facts, website of the Croatian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Archived 2007-06-13 at the Wayback Machine
    • 89.6% Croats, 4.5% Serbs, 5.9% others and unspecified
  4. The Croatian Wikipedia is the Croatian language edition of Wikipedia. This edition was introduced in February 2003. As of October 2015, it is the 41st largest edition of Wikipedia by number of articles. [1] As of May 2013, it has over 137,000 articles. [2]

  5. ro.wikipedia.org › wiki › CroațiaCroația - Wikipedia

    Croația - Wikipedia Croația Croația (în croată Hrvatska, pronunție croată: /xř̩ʋaːtskaː/ ), oficial Republica Croația (în croată Republika Hrvatska pronunție (ajutor·info)) este o țară aflată la limita între Europa Centrală și cea de Sud-Est, pe țărmul estic al Mării Adriatice. Capitala și cel mai mare oraș al țării este Zagreb.

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