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  1. Dante Alighieri - Wikipedia › wiki › Dante_Alighieri

    Dante Alighieri (Italian: [ˈdante aliˈɡjɛːri]), probably baptized Durante di Alighiero degli Alighieri and often referred to simply as Dante (/ ˈ d ɑː n t eɪ, ˈ d æ n t eɪ, ˈ d æ n t i /, also US: / ˈ d ɑː n t i /; c. 1265 – 1321), was an Italian poet, writer and philosopher.

  2. About Dante Alighieri | Academy of American Poets › poet › dante-alighieri

    Dante Alighieri. The author of La Commedia ( The Divine Comedy ), considered a masterwork of world literature, Dante Alighieri was born Durante Alighieri in Florence, Italy, in 1265, to a notable family of modest means. His mother died when he was seven years old, and his father remarried, having two more children.

  3. Dante Alighieri | Poetry Foundation › poets › dante-alighieri

    Italian poet and scholar Dante Alighieri is best known for his masterpiece La Commedia (known in English as The Divine Comedy ), which is universally considered one of world literature’s greatest poems. Divided into three sections— Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso — The Divine Comedy presents an encyclopedic overview of the mores ...

  4. Dante Alighieri (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) › entries › dante
    • Life
    • Early Poetry
    • Philosophical Influences
    • The Convivio
    • The de Vulgari Eloquentia
    • The Monarchia
    • The Commedia

    Because Dante’s poetic persona looms so large in his writings,very little can be said about his biography that does not, in someway, depend upon an interpretations of his continual re-crafting ofthat persona. It is generally accepted that Dante was born in 1265 inFlorence. If it is true that he was born under the sign ofGemini—as reported in Paradiso22.112–120—then hisbirthday would have been sometime in May or June of that year.According to the testimony of his own writings, at the age of nine hemet for the first time the eight-year-old Beatrice Portinari, whom,subsequent to her death in 1290, Dante consistently invoked as the keyinspiration for his poetic vision and personal salvation. Also according to the testimony of his own writing, Dante believedhimself to be—or at least wished for his readers to believe himto be—a descendant of the ancient Roman families who foundedFlorence. In Paradiso 15, for instance, he claims that hisgreat-great-grandfather Cacciaguida had been knighted...

    Though he evidently did not begin serious study of philosophy untilhis mid-twenties, Dante had already been intellectually challenged bythe work of a remarkable group of poets, practitioners of what hewould later recall as the dolce stil novo, in whose hands alyric poetry modelled on the canso of the Provençaltroubadours became a vehicle for serious enquiry into the nature oflove and human psychology. A generation earlier, Guido Guinizzelli(1230–76) had puzzled contemporaries with poems treating love interms of the technicalities of medicine and the cosmology of theschools, while celebrating in quasi-mystical language his lady’spower to elevate the spirit of her poet-lover (Al cor gentilrempaira sempre amore, 41–44, 47–50): The bella donna, exerting on her lover a power derived fromthe participation of her understanding in the divine, plays the roleof the celestial intelligenzïa, who transmits the influence ofthe First Mover to the universe at large. The poet is thus caught upin a c...

    The philosophical content of the Vita nuova is minimal, askeletal version of contemporary faculty psychology and a few briefreferences to metaphysics. But while finding his orientation as apoet, Dante was also engaged in the study of philosophy and, accordingto his own testimony in the Convivio, “started going towhere she [philosophy] was truly revealed, in the schools of thereligious orders and at the disputations of the philosophers”[Conv. 2.12.7]. Dante does not provide any additional detailsthat reveal specifically where he studied philosophy, but inFlorence in the early 1290s, there were three schools of religiousorders at which he may have studied: that of the Dominicans at SantaMaria Novella; that of the Franciscans at Santa Croce; and that of theAugustinians at Santo Spirito. Unfortunately, there are no reliablehistorical records concerning the course of study that may have beenavailable to Dante at Santo Spirito. However, there is reliableinformation about the resources tha...

    The fullest expository expression of Dante’s philosophicalthought is the Convivio, in which commentary on a series ofhis own canzoni is the occasion for the expression of a rangeof ideas on ethics, politics, and metaphysics, as well as for extendeddiscussion of philosophy itself. Originally, Dante conceived of thework as a “banquet” involving “fourteencourses”—that is, fourteen treatises commenting oncanzoni on the “themes of love and virtue”(Conv.1.1.14). However, the work, which was probably,written around 1304–1307, was abandoned with only four of itstreatises completed. In these surviving treatises, Dante describes thegenesis of his love of philosophy, and reflects on the ability ofphilosophical understanding to mediate religious truth, tracing thedesire for knowledge from its origin as an inherent trait of humannature to the point at which the love of wisdom expresses itselfdirectly as love of God. Philosophy itself is the “love of wisdom,” andDante’s central metaphor for repre...

    During the same period in which Dante was writing the Conviviohe was also composing the De vulgari eloquentia.Composed in Latin, this treatise was, like the Convivio,abandoned sometime around 1307. In it, however, many of the lengthydiscussions of ethics and politics from book 4 of Convivioare put in the service of a discussion of the capacity of poetspossessing both scientia et ingenium—that is, those whopossess both knowledge and genius [DVE2.1.8]—to use anillustrious vernacular language to “melt the hearts of humanbeings, so as to make the unwilling willing and the willingunwilling” [1.17.4]. Underwriting this purpose, Dante offers awholly unique treatment of the origins and development of language inbook 1 before proceeding in book 2 to set down specific rules thatought to govern the proper poetic deployment of this illustriousvernacular. There are nineteen chapter divisions to part one. Chapters 1–3lay the groundwork by discussing the basic purposes of human language.Here, Dant...

    Although there remains some dispute about the date of theMonarchia’s composition (probably after 1314), it isclear that, unlike the Convivio and the De vulgarieloquentia, the Monarchiawas completed and disseminatedin Dante’s own lifetime—though, evidently, it was notwidely circulated until the late 1320’s, when it came to bedeployed as propaganda supporting Louis IV’s claim to thetitle of Holy Roman Emperor [Cassell (2004), 33–49]. Regardless of the uses to which it was later put, theMonarchia is in its own way as idiosyncratic as theConvivio. Its purpose, foreshadowed in the discussion ofempire in Convivio IV, is to demonstrate the necessity of asingle ruling power, reverent toward but independent of the Church,capable of ordering the will of collective humanity in peace andconcord. Under such a power the potential intellect of humanity can befully actuated—the intellect, that is, of collective humanity,existent throughout the world, acting as one. For just as a multitudeof species...

    Few texts have generated such deep and abiding interest as has theDivine Comedy in its nearly seven centuries of transmission.In large part, this wealth of attention is a function of the way inwhich the Divine Comedy seems to gather, in what is oftencalled an “encyclopedic” fashion, the entire edifice ofmedieval knowledge (including but not limited to its reflections onethics, political theory, metaphysics, theology, biblical exegesis,literary history, rhetoric, and aesthetics) and to call out to itscontemporary and future readers with the perennial demand that theymake its encyclopedic interests meaningful in their own lives. In partbecause of this seemingly encyclopedic character, but also because somany of the poetic stratagems of the Divine Comedy involveirony and outright paradox, any attempt to summarize its philosophicalcontent or significance is to a certain degree an act of folly. Infact all of the themes mentioned in the discussion of Dante’sthree expository treatises abov...

  5. Dante - Books, Poems & Divine Comedy - Biography › writer › dante

    Jan 28, 2015 · Dante Alighieri was born in 1265 to a family with a history of involvement in the complex Florentine political scene, and this setting would become a feature in his Inferno years later. Dante’s ...

  6. Dante Alighieri - World History Encyclopedia › Dante_Alighieri
    • Political Life
    • Prose Works
    • Poetry
    • The Divine Comedy
    • Legacy: The Renaissance & Beyond

    Dante Alighieri was born in Florence in 1265, the son of a moderately wealthy landowner. His mother died when he was just seven years old and his father when he was a teenager. As a young knight, Dante actively participated in the 1289 Battle of Campaldino between the rival cities of Florence and Arezzo and their respective allies. The two sides in this battle were divided over their support for either the Pope (the Guelphs) or the Holy Roman Emperor(the Ghibellines), a rivalry that would cause a chasm in Florentine politics that lasted over half a century. Back in Florence, Dante worked as a municipal official and was involved in politics between c. 1295 and 1302. In 1300 he was elected to the prestigious position of prior of the city (one of seven). Contrary to the government of Florence, Dante wanted to see his city free from papal interference, which he saw as a morally corrupt institution. He was further disillusioned with Rome following the Pope's enforced exile to Avignon in...

    Dante's written works are a heady mix of philosophy, politics, and literature. They show in their panoramic inclusion of many fields of knowledge such as classicism and biblical studies, an influence from his one-time mentor Brunetto Latini (c. 1220-1294), the celebrated Florentine scholar and statesman. Dante wrote political treatises like Monarchy (De Monarchia, c. 1313), which speculated on the nature of God, and for this, he was labelled a heretic by some. Monarchy criticised the corruption and immorality in the Papacy and proposed that a secular imperial power should govern the world, which would then witness a new spiritual age. Dante, himself a devout Christian, quoted the Bible in support of his belief that the Pope should have nothing to do with government and so had no power to choose who would be emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. As Jesus Christ himself had said in the scriptures, "my kingdom is not of this world" (John 18:36). The Pope was the spiritual leader of the med...

    Dante wrote poetry, mostly along the lines of medieval courtly love poetry and similar themes which were then applied to the contemporary context of the Italian city-state. Indeed, it was Dante who coined the name dolce stil nuovo (aka stilnovismo or 'sweet new style') that describes this genre of poetry. Dante's own passions seem to have concentrated on one Beatrice Portinari, a childhood sweetheart who had died in 1290, and she appears in his works, notably as a guide in the final part of the Divine Comedy. His most celebrated collection of poems is La Vita Nuova (The New Life, c. 1293), which mixes the themes of unrequited courtly love with elements of philosophy, particularly Stoicism. Dante dedicated The New Life to his great friend and fellow poet and advocate of Tuscan dialect, Guido Cavalcanti (d. 1300). Dante's follow-up to The New Life was the Convivio (The Banquet), c. 1304-1307), another anthology of poems and commentaries which reveal Dante's love of philosophy and his...

    Dante's greatest contribution to medieval literature was hisDivine Comedy (La divina commedia) which was written between 1304 and 1319 but not printed widely until 1472. The name 'comedy' derives from the label then used for a genre where works have a positive ending (or in this case not a negative one, at least). 'Divine' was added to the title in the mid-16th century because of the high esteem which the work continued to command. The epic poem is divided into three parts or canzoni: Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise (Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso). Each part is comprised of 33 canti or episodes, and there is one introductory canto, bringing the total to a perfect 100. Each of the 14,233 lines therein consists of precisely eleven syllables and the rhyme follows the following pattern over each group of three lines: aba, bcb, cdc, etc. The structure of the work alone is a remarkable creation of symmetrical poetic architecture. Dante is himself the central character of his work as he...

    The printed revival of Dante's work led to him becoming known as the 'first Renaissance poet', even if there was not really very much connection between the medieval Florentine's writings and those of 15th- and 16th-century authors. Dante was no humanist but his writings did begin to shift the focus on religious matters which had marked the medieval period towards a consideration of more earthly affairs with humanity at its centre. Certainly, Dante's interest in the metaphysics of Plato and Aristotle, his knowledge of other classical authors like Cicero and Virgil, his military participation in defence of the interests of his city, and above all, his undoubted innovations in poetry did mirror many of the sentiments of the Renaissance. Dante was embraced as a 'Renaissance man', and a celebrated 1481 edition of the Divine Comedy even contained 18 illustrations by Sandro Botticelli(1445-1510). However, there was some criticism of Dante's poetry, notably that his use of the vernacular m...

    • Mark Cartwright
  7. Dante Alighieri Biography - Facts, Childhood, Family Life ... › profiles › dante-alighieri

    Dante Alighieri, popularly known as Dante, was a chief Italian poet during the middle ages. Born in Florence, he spent a large portion of his life in exile. Although more famous for his long poem, ‘Divine Comedy’, he was also a distinguished prose writer, literally theorist, philosopher and political thinker.

  8. Dante Alighieri Quotes (Author of Inferno) › quotes › 5031312
    • “Do not be afraid; our fate. Cannot be taken from us; it is a gift.” ― Dante Alighieri, Inferno.
    • “My course is set for an uncharted sea.” ― Dante Alighieri.
    • “The hottest places in hell are reserved for those who, in times of great moral crisis, maintain their neutrality.” ― Dante Alighieri.
    • “There is no greater sorrow. Than to recall a happy time. When miserable.” ― Dante Alighieri.
  9. Inferno, Canto I by Dante Alighieri - Poems | Academy of ... › poem › inferno-canto-i

    Inferno, Canto I. Dante Alighieri - 1265-1321. ... From The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, translated by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. This poem is in the public domain.

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