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Symptoms and Signs of Depression
Life is weird right now. Because of COVID-19, we're all getting vaccinated and slowly coming out of our shells. In such strange times, your mood is bound to be negatively affected. But it's important to check in on your mental health to ensure you're not facing a bigger problem: depression. Check out these 20 subtle signs you may be depressed. Read on—and to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Symptoms Everyone Needs to Know About During This Pandemic. 1 You Give Up on Reaching Out Right now, it's hard to stay in contact with friends and family members. Social media, video chats, or text messages feel impersonal or awkward, which can make you want to give up on reaching out for social interactions. But if you're hopeless about maintaining relationships and feel yourself pulling away, it may be a sign you're depressed.A study published in the Journal of Counseling Psychology analyzed people living with depression and their daily social interactions. The study concluded that "people with greater depressive symptoms feel that they experience worse social interactions" and "people with greater depressive symptoms reported less satisfaction of their need to belong." Your listless attitude toward socializing may be a sign that depression is creeping in. 2 You're Always Hungry… Binge eating and the subsequent weight gain may cause depression. But this theory goes both ways: Depression or anxiety may be the culprit for your insatiable appetite and binge-eating sessions. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, "Two-thirds of people with eating disorders suffer from an anxiety disorder at some point in their lives and around 42% had developed an anxiety disorder during childhood." An anxiety disorder is usually what triggers binge eating. Your uncontrollable appetite may simply be caused by boredom, but it could also be a sign of anxiety or depression. 3 …Or You're Never Hungry On the flip side, a loss in appetite may also be a sign that you're heading toward depression. A study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry analyzed the appetites of participants diagnosed with depression. It concluded that 35% of depressed participants experienced an increase in appetite while "approximately 48% of adult depressed patients exhibited depression-related decreases in appetite." If you've noticed you're not hungry and your food intake has decreased, it may mean you're depressed. 4 You Just Want to Sleep… Excessive sleepiness without reason is referred to as hypersomnia. If you're out of work and stuck in the house, you may feel the need to nap out of boredom or lack of activity. A study published in BMC Medicine looked into sleep's relationship with depression. The study concluded that "Mood symptoms are frequently reported in hypersomnia disorders of central origin." If you have the desire to sleep all day, you may find that affects your mood, which may signify the onset of depression. 5 …Or You Can't Sleep Insomnia is another potential sign of depression. If you toss and turn every night, not only is it a sign that your mental health is in disarray, it may also be contributing to your problem. A study published in Sleep analyzed how insomnia and lack of sleep instigated and exacerbated the symptoms of a major depressive disorder (MDD). It concluded: "Insomnia is related to decreased quality of life, social and interpersonal functioning, and workplace performance, and any of these could result in levels of distress or life events that may trigger, maintain, or worsen MDD." 6 You Don't Find Joy in Your Hobbies Many are using this time of social distancing to engage in hobbies they love, such as reading, knitting, playing an instrument or exercising. If you've given up on the activities you used to find enjoyable because they don't seem fun anymore, you may need to analyze your mental health status. According to Psychology Today, the loss of interest in hobbies and activities you used to enjoy is referred to as anhedonia, and it's directly linked to depression and other mood disorders: "People suffering from clinical depression lose interest in hobbies, friends, work, and even food and sex." If you can't seem to squeeze an ounce of joy out of finishing a crossword puzzle or eating the perfect chocolate chip cookie, you may be suffering from depression. 7 You're Irritable If you've been stuck at home for a while now, feeling aggrieved by family members or the general situation is normal. But unexplainable and severe irritability that you can't control may have a deeper meaning. A study published in The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease analyzed depressed participants and asked about their irritability levels. It found that "55.1% of the participants answered 1 (I get annoyed or irritated more easily than I used to), 18.1% of the participants answered 2 (I get annoyed or irritated more easily than I used to)." Unexplained and uncontrollable irritability may not just be a frustrating side effect of social isolation; it may be a symptom of depression. 8 You Have No Energy A body at rest tends to stay at rest. If you're using social distancing as an opportunity to catch up on reality TV shows and eat an entire bag of chips in one sitting, you may find yourself experiencing a lower energy level. However, if your energy has declined for no clear reason and you simply can't find the motivation to get anything done, it may be a sign of depression.In a study published in Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience on major depressive disorders (MDDs), Maurizio Fava, MD, states, "Fatigue is one of the most prevalent presenting symptoms of MDD, the second most prominent residual symptom of MDD, and is often associated with impaired concentration, irritability, and reduced productivity." If you can't seem to get moving and feel like you have consistent low energy levels, you may need to take a second look at your mental state. 9 You Have Body Aches Body aches and other pains may be signs you worked out too hard or you're getting the flu. But unexplained pains may also be a sign that your mental health is suffering. According to the Mayo Clinic, "In many people, depression causes unexplained physical symptoms such as back pain or headaches. This kind of pain may be the first or the only sign of depression." If you're starting to experience body aches with no explanation, pay attention to this symptom and consider whether you may be depressed. 10 You Feel Hopeless Social distancing guidelines for the coronavirus are vague, and the timeline is muddy. It's no wonder you may feel hopeless about the situation from time to time, especially if your children are out of school or you've lost your job because of the pandemic. But a consistent feeling of hopelessness may be a sign that you need help to avoid falling into depression. Hopelessness is a serious symptom of depression because if you let it spiral, it can lead to suicidal thoughts. According to a study published in the British Journal of Clinical Psychology, cognitive theorists agree that "Greater hopelessness was associated both with an increase in suicidal wishes and with more negative expectations about real-life problems." 11 You Can't Focus Ever feel like you're thinking in circles? Trying to focus on the task at hand but your mind wanders to past events? If you can't concentrate occasionally, it's completely normal. But if you frequently feel like it's impossible to focus, it may be a sign that you need to examine your mental health. According to James Cartreine, Ph.D., "Depression can actually change your ability to think. It can impair your attention and memory, as well as your information processing and decision-making skills. It can also lower your cognitive flexibility (the ability to adapt your goals and strategies to changing situations) and executive functioning (the ability to take all the steps to get something done)."RELATED: I'm A Doctor And Warn You Never Take This Supplement 12 You're Suddenly Impulsive If your schedule has flip-flopped because of COVID-19, it's natural to go a little stir-crazy. Maybe you decide to buy a ping-pong table for the garage one day or completely rearrange your living room furniture the next. But if you start engaging in impulsive behavior that's harmful to your health, it's cause for concern.You may exhibit reckless behavior, such as drug use or gambling, to chase rewarding feelings that your brain isn't providing because of depression. It's also a symptom of other mental health disorders, such as mania. According to a study published in the Journal of Affective Disorders, "Total and attentional impulsivity correlated independently with depression and mania scores. Non-planning impulsivity correlates with depression scores." If you find yourself making irrational and harmful decisions that could negatively impact your life, you may need to evaluate your mental health. 13 You're Obsessed With Perfection If the threat of coronavirus has you scrubbing your kitchen counter until it shines every day, it's understandable. But if you've suddenly developed an obsession with perfection that's affecting your moods, there may be a deeper issue, and it could be a sign of depression. According to Neurocore Brain Performance Centers, "For those with depression, perfectionism can stem from a cognitive distortion believing that making mistakes will cause others to stop loving or accepting them. This can lead these individuals to set exceptionally high standards, and if those standards aren't met, they can end up feeling like a failure." Your perfectionism and disappointment can make you spiral into a cycle of depression. If you've noticed this obsession with perfection, you may need to seek help from a counselor. 14 You Stop Brushing Your Hair If you're stuck at home because of COVID-19, the days may run together, and it's easy to stay in pajamas for hours or maybe forget to brush your teeth. But if you've stopped caring about your appearance because you're feeling listless or lack energy, it may be connected to depression. According to Deborah Serani, Psy.D, your care for your appearance and grooming is connected to your brain's frontal lobes: "Depression has long been associated with dysfunction of the frontal lobes, so it's not a surprise that people with depression find it hard to self-care." You may not feel like washing your hair because you just started the last episode of Ozark, or you may have lost motivation due to the onset of depression. 15 You Constantly Criticize Yourself A little self-deprecation is healthy, but if you're feeling like everything you do is wrong, it's not only unhealthy, it may be a sign of depression. A study published in Omega found, "Self-criticism was positively associated with depressive symptoms and negatively associated with self-compassion."RELATED: The #1 Cause of Obesity, According to Science 16 You Lash Out at Loved Ones If you're social distancing with family members, you're probably spending more time together than ever before. You're bound to get annoyed with each other and need some space. But if you're having mood swings and lashing out at those you love, your mental state may be in jeopardy.According to a study published in the Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, "People with depressive illness often have symptoms of overt or suppressed anger." It's understandable if your situation is frustrating right now. But if you're experiencing uncontrollable outbursts of anger aimed at your loved ones, it may be a sign you're dealing with depression. 17 You Feel Anxious Our thoughts and attention are focused on COVID-19, which has proven to be unpredictable and deadly. It's only normal to feel a bit anxious right now. However, anxiety and depression often go hand in hand. If you're having constant feelings of anxiety, you may need to seek counseling, especially during this tough time. According to Katie Hurley, LCSW, "Studies show that between 10% and 20% of adults in any given 12-month period will visit their primary care physician during a depressive or anxiety disorder episode, and that nearly 50% of them will suffer from a co-morbid, secondary depressive or anxiety disorder." RELATED: 9 Everyday Habits That Might Lead to Dementia, Say Experts 18 You Think About Death A Lot Thinking about death or contemplating suicide is a definite sign you need to seek counseling, as it may be a symptom of depression. According to the U.S. Department of Health&Human Services, "Although the majority of people who have depression do not die by suicide, having major depression does increase suicide risk compared to people without depression. It is estimated that about 60% of people who commit suicide have had a mood disorder." Whether you think you have depression or not, it's important to get help if you find yourself thinking about harming yourself. 19 You Can't Control Your Emotions Mood swings are a part of life, especially when we're dealing with an unpredictable virus that's changed our daily lives. But if you feel like you can't control your emotions most of the time, you may be dealing with depression. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), symptoms of depression may include, "feeling sad or anxious often or all the time and feeling irritable, easily frustrated‚ or restless." If your emotions are all over the place, talk to a counselor as soon as possible.RELATED: Signs You're Getting One of the "Most Deadly" Cancers. 20 You Just Want to Be Alone If you're on your third game of Monopoly with the family and you desperately want to curl up in bed and read a book in silence for a few minutes, it's totally understandable. All this time at home with your family can be overwhelming, and sometimes a few moments by yourself will help you recharge. But if you feel yourself disengaging from people you love and seeking solitude in an unhealthy way, it may be a sign of a mental health issue.A study conducted by the Danish National Institute of Public Health analyzed the symptoms of depression in older adults. "We identified two significant longitudinal mediation patterns with symptoms of depression, and two with anxiety symptoms," the researchers said. "Overall, social disconnectedness predicted higher subsequent perceived isolation, which in turn predicted higher depression symptoms and anxiety symptoms." Alone time is precious right now, but if you find yourself purposely isolating yourself, you may be clinically depressed. If you can relate to any of the signs above, it may be time to focus on your mental health—reach out for virtual help from a counselor. If you're thinking about suicide, you can reach the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-8255. And to get through life at your healthiest, don't miss: This Supplement Can Raise Your Cancer Risk, Experts Say.
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LOS ANGELES, CA / ACCESSWIRE / September 21, 2021 / Self-help author C. Daley has released Healing Depression, a groundbreaking book about dealing with depression.
Depression and Celebrity Struggles
"It was horrible! I was [miserable] in my trailer," Streep said of filming "Prada" while in character the entire time.
COVID-19 and its Effect on Depression
Experts say more women are seeking out help since the pandemic began. Women of color are among the most affected, in part because of insurance issues.
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Feb 03, 2018 · Overview. Depression is a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems.
Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. To be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks.
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- Types and Symptoms
- Diagnosis and Treatment
- Who Response
Depression is a common illness worldwide, with more than 264 million people affected(1). Depression is different from usual mood fluctuations and short-lived emotional responses to challenges in everyday life. Especially when long-lasting and with moderate or severe intensity, depression may become a serious health condition. It can cause the affected person to suffer greatly and function poorly at work, at school and in the family. At its worst, depression can lead to suicide. Close to 800 000 people die due to suicide every year. Suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29-year-olds. Although there are known, effective treatments for mental disorders, between 76% and 85% of people in low- and middle-income countries receive no treatment for their disorder(2).Barriers to effective care include a lack of resources, lack of trained health-care providers and social stigma associated with mental disorders. Another barrier to effective care is inaccurate assessment. In countri...
Depending on the number and severity of symptoms, a depressive episode can be categorized as mild, moderate or severe. A key distinction is also made between depression in people who have or do not have a history of manic episodes. Both types of depression can be chronic (i.e. over an extended period) with relapses, especially if they go untreated. Recurrent depressive disorder:this disorder involves repeated depressive episodes. During these episodes, the person experiences depressed mood, loss of interest and enjoyment, and reduced energy leading to diminished activity for at least two weeks. Many people with depression also suffer from anxiety symptoms, disturbed sleep and appetite, and may have feelings of guilt or low self-worth, poor concentration and even symptoms that cannot be explained by a medical diagnosis. Depending on the number and severity of symptoms, a depressive episode can be categorized as mild, moderate or severe. An individual with a mild depressive episode wi...
Psychosocial treatments are also effective for mild depression. Antidepressants can be an effective form of treatment for moderate-severe depression but are not the first line of treatment for cases of mild depression. They should not be used for treating depression in children and are not the first line of treatment in adolescents, among whom they should be used with extra caution.
Depression is one of the priority conditions covered by WHO’s mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP). The Programme aims to help countries increase services for people with mental, neurological and substance use disorders through care provided by health workers who are not specialists in mental health. WHO has developed brief psychological intervention manuals for depression that may be delivered by lay workers. An example is Problem Management Plus, which describes the use of behavioural activation, relaxation training, problem solving treatment and strengthening social support. Moreover, the manual Group Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) for Depression describes group treatment of depression. Finally, Thinking Healthy covers the use of cognitive-behavioural therapy for perinatal depression.
1. GBD 2017 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators. (2018). Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. The Lancet. DOI. 2. Wang et al. Use of mental health services for anxiety, mood, and substance disorders in 17 countries in the WHO world mental health surveys. The Lancet. 2007; 370(9590):841-50.
- Depression Is Different from Sadness Or Grief/Bereavement
- Risk Factors For Depression
- How Is Depression Treated?
- Self-Help and Coping
- Related Conditions
The death of a loved one, loss of a job or the ending of a relationship are difficult experiences for a person to endure. It is normal for feelings of sadness or grief to develop in response to such situations. Those experiencing loss often might describe themselves as being “depressed.” But being sad is not the same as having depression. The grieving process is natural and unique to each individual and shares some of the same features of depression. Both grief and depression may involve intense sadness and withdrawal from usual activities. They are also different in important ways: 1. In grief, painful feelings come in waves, often intermixed with positive memories of the deceased. In major depression, mood and/or interest (pleasure) are decreased for most of two weeks. 2. In grief, self-esteem is usually maintained. In major depression, feelings of worthlessness and self-loathing are common. 3. In grief, thoughts of death may surface when thinking of or fantasizing about “joining”...
Depression can affect anyone—even a person who appears to live in relatively ideal circumstances. Several factors can play a role in depression: 1. Biochemistry:Differences in certain chemicals in the brain may contribute to symptoms of depression. 2. Genetics:Depression can run in families. For example, if one identical twin has depression, the other has a 70 percent chance of having the illness sometime in life. 3. Personality:People with low self-esteem, who are easily overwhelmed by stress, or who are generally pessimistic appear to be more likely to experience depression. 4. Environmental factors:Continuous exposure to violence, neglect, abuse or poverty may make some people more vulnerable to depression.
Depression is among the most treatable of mental disorders. Between 80% and 90% percent of people with depression eventually respond well to treatment. Almost all patients gain some relief from their symptoms. Before a diagnosis or treatment, a health professional should conduct a thorough diagnostic evaluation, including an interview and a physical examination. In some cases, a blood test might be done to make sure the depression is not due to a medical condition like a thyroid problem or a vitamin deficiency (reversing the medical cause would alleviate the depression-like symptoms). The evaluation will identify specific symptoms and explore medical and family histories as well as cultural and environmental factors with the goal of arriving at a diagnosis and planning a course of action. Medication:Brain chemistry may contribute to an individual’s depression and may factor into their treatment. For this reason, antidepressants might be prescribed to help modify one’s brain chemistr...
There are a number of things people can do to help reduce the symptoms of depression. For many people, regular exercise helps create positive feeling and improves mood. Getting enough quality sleep on a regular basis, eating a healthy diet and avoiding alcohol (a depressant) can also help reduce symptoms of depression. Depression is a real illness and help is available. With proper diagnosis and treatment, the vast majority of people with depression will overcome it. If you are experiencing symptoms of depression, a first step is to see your family physician or psychiatrist. Talk about your concerns and request a thorough evaluation. This is a start to addressing your mental health needs.Persistent depressive disorder (previously dysthymia) (description below)American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), Fifth edition. 2013.National Institute of Mental Health. (Data from 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health.) www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/prevalence/major-depression-among-adults.shtmlKessler, RC, et al. Lifetime Prevalence and Age-of-Onset Distributions of DSM-IV Disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005;62(6):593602. http://archpsyc.ja...
Many people who experience depression also have other mental health conditions. 1,5 Anxiety disorders often go hand in hand with depression. People who have anxiety disorders struggle with intense and uncontrollable feelings of anxiety, fear, worry, and/or panic. 1 These feelings can interfere with daily activities and may last for a long time.
Feb 11, 2020 · Depression is a mood disorder that can affect a person’s daily life. It may be described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger. Learn the causes, symptoms, treatments, and how depression can ...
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