Dhu al-Kifl (Arabic: ذُو ٱلْكِفْل , lit. 'Possessor of the Kifl') (also spelled Zu al-Kifl, pronounced Zu l-Kifl) is an Islamic prophet.Although his identity is unknown, his identity has been theorised and identified as various Hebrew Bible prophets and other figures, most commonly Ezekiel and Gautama Buddha.
- Name and Kunya
- Manner and Conduct
- His Grave
The name of Dhu l-Kifl is mentioned in Qur'an, 21 and Qur'an 38. The Qur'an has introduced Dhu l-Kifl among the patient and the righteous and included in divine mercy. About the name of Dhu l-Kifl, there are many disagreements. Some considered him Ezekiel. Also, there are views which considered him Elijah (a) (Elias), Joshua (a) or Elisha (a). Some believe that he was "Bushr", the son of Prophet 'Ayyub (a) (Job). Some others, based on a hadith, considered his real name "'Uvidia", meaning "the Servant of God". "Al-Kifl" has been interpreted as having two meanings of "share" and "guardianship". Thus, about the kunyaof al-Kifl, different issues are mentioned: 1. He was called Dhu l-Kifl because God gave him a great share of rewardsand mercy in return for his great worships and practices. 1. He was called Dhu l-Kifl because he took the guardianship of 70 prophets whose lives were at risk and saved them. 1. He sheltered many of Israelites who had escaped from enemies and accepted the res...
Most Islamic scholars considered Dhu l-Kifl among divine prophets. The Qur'an mentioned his name together with other prophets (a); and some considered the appearance of these verses suggesting his prophethood. There is a hadith from Imam al-Baqir (a) where he (a) considered Dhu l-Kifl among the prophets of Banu Israel after Prophet Solomon (a), who judged people like Prophet David (a).Some Sunnistoo considered Dhu l-Kifl among the prophets of Banu Israel. Abu Musa al-Ash'ari transmitted a hadith from the Prophet(s)that Dhu l-Kifl was not among the prophets and was only a righteous servant of God.
According to some hadiths, Dhu l-Kifl had made a vow to the prophet (a) previous to him: 1. To fastevery day; 1. To keep vigil and worship all nights; 1. Not to become angryever. Dhu l-Kifl was loyal to his vow and was busy all nights with prayers. He (a) fasted all days and never became angry. Some sources mentioned a story about him when Satantried to make Dhu l-Kifl angry but failed. Dhu l-Kifl also judged people.
In Dezful, Iran, there is a grave attributed to the Prophet Ezekiel (a), and since some consider Dhu l-Kifl, Ezekiel (a), they have introduced this grave, the grave of Dhu l-Kifl. In the south of Iraqtoo, there is a grave attributed to Dhu l-Kifl.
- Dhu Al-Kifl in The Quran
- See Also
- Further Reading
- External Links
Dhu al-Kifl has been mentioned twice in the Quran, in the following verses: In both cases, Dhu al-Kifl is mentioned in the context of a list of Qur'anic prophets, including many others not mentioned in the ayat quoted above.
The name Dhu al-Kifl literally means "the possessor of Two", using a type of name where ذُو dhū ("possessor of") precedes some characteristically associated feature. Such names were used of other notable figures in the Quran, for example Dhu al-Qarnayn (Arabic: ذُو ٱلْقَرْنَيْن, lit. 'He of the Two Horns/He of the Two Times'), and Dhu al-Nūn (Arabic: ذُو ٱلْنُّون, lit. 'the One with the Fish'), referring to Yunus. Kifl is an archaic Arabic word meaning "double" or "duplicate", from a root meaning "to double" or "to fold"; it was also used for a fold of cloth. The name is generally understood to mean "one of a double portion". Some scholars have suggested that the name means "the man with the double recompense" or rather "the man who received recompense twice over", that is to say that it is a title for Job, as his family was returned to him according to the Quran and the Book of Job.
Some are of the opinion that Dhu al-Kifl could be Ezekiel. When the exile, monarchy, and state were annihilated, a political and national life was no longer possible. In conformity with the two parts of his book, his personality and his preaching are alike twofold, and the title Dhul Kifl means "the one to double" or "to fold". Abdullah Yusuf Ali, in his Quranic commentary says: Al Kifl (Arabic: الكفل; ul-Kifl) is a town in southeastern Iraq on the Euphrates River, b...
Although the identification with Ezekiel is the most commonly held by traditional Islam, Dhul-Kifl has also been identified variously with Buddha, Joshua, Obadiah and Isaiah.Thalabi, Ara'is al-Madjalis, Cairo edition 1371, 155J. Horovitz, Koranische Untersuchungen, 113Harawi, K. al-isharat ila ma'rifat al-Ziyarat, ed. J. Sourdel-Thomine, 76Guide des lieux de Pelerinage, tans. J. Sourdel-Thomine, 76, Damascus 1957, 174
- Dhul-Kifl in The Qur’an
Dhul-Kifl has been mentioned twice in the Holy Qur’an, in the following Qur’anic verses: In both cases, Dhū’l-Kifl is mentioned in the context of a list of Qur’anic prophets, including many others not mentioned in the ayat quoted above.
The name Dhul Kifl literally means “the one with a kifl“, using a type of name where ذُو dhū (“possessor of”) precedes some characteristically associated feature. Such names were used of other notable figures in the Qur’an, for example ذُوٱلْنُّون Dhū ‘l-Nūn / ذَا ٱلْنُّون Dhā ‘l-Nūn “the One with the Fish“, referring to Jonah, and ذُوٱلْقَرْنَيْن Dhū’l-Qarnayn / / ذَا ٱلْنُّون Dhā ‘l-Qarnayn “He of the Two Horns” Kifl is an archaic Arabic word meaning “double” or “duplicate”, from a root meaning “to double” or “to fold”; it was also used for a fold of cloth. The name is generally understood to mean “one of a double portion”. Some scholars have suggested that the name means “the man with the double recompense” or rather “the man who received recompense twice over”,that is to say that it is a title for Job, as his family was returned to him according to the Qur’an and the Book of Job.
Some are of the opinion that Dhul Kifl could be Ezekiel. When the exile, monarchy, and state were annihilated, a political and national life was no longer possible. In conformity with the two parts of his book, his personality and his preaching are alike twofold, and the title Dhul Kifl means “the one to double” or “to fold”. Abdullah Yusuf Ali, in his Qur’anic commentary says: Al Kifl (Arabic: بن الكفل; ibn ul-Kifl) is a town in southeastern Iraq on the Euphrates River, between Najaf and Al...
Feb 27, 2014 · Was Sayyiduna Dhu al-Kifl a Prophet or a Saint Three persons are mentioned in the above two verses. Out of these three, there is no doubt about the prophethood of Sayyiduna Isma’il `alayhi al-salam and Sayyiduna Idris `alayhi al-salam as they are mentioned in the Qur’an as such several times.
Known in the Islamic tradition as Dhu’l-Kifl (ذُو ٱلْكِفْل) – from where al-Kifl derives its name – or in the Arabic Christian tradition and Persian as “Hazaqiyal” (حزقیال or حزقیل نبی) and Hebrew as Yechezqel (יְחֶזְקֵאל), the prophet’s tomb is located in an ancient Jewish shrine enclosed in an Islamic mosque.
Dhu al-Kifl ( arabe: ذُو ٱلْكِفْل , lit. « Possesseur du Kifl ») (également orthographié Zu al-Kifl, prononcé Zu l-Kifl ) est un prophète islamique.
- Mentions Dans Le Coran
- Dhû L-Kifl Dans Les Traditions
- Voir aussi
Dhul Kifl n'est cité dans le Coran qu'à deux reprises, selon ces termes: L'association de son nom avec d'autres prophètes fait dire à plusieurs exégètes que Dhul Kifl appartient à ceux-ci. Néanmoins, la majorité des commentateurs ne voit en lui qu'un sage parmi les fils d'Israël. Pour cerner le personnage, les commentateurs se sont penchés sur l'étymologie de son nom. Kifl, formé sur la racine k-f-l qui signifie "prendre soin", "nourrir"... Kifl pourrait signifier la part, la portion mais aussi l'idée du double. Dhu signifie quant à lui, "celui qui a telle caractéristique". Cette étymologie a fait dire aux exégètes que Dhû l-kifl était un homme ayant accompli double d'œuvres pieuses par rapport au commun des fidèles. "Cette surenchère sémantique s'explique par le manque d'éléments historiques précis".
De nombreuses versions légendaires de sa vie ont été développées par les traditions musulmanes. Pour Ibn al-Jawzî, il aurait sauvé une centaine de prophètes d'un roi impie. Ce récit s'inspire de l'épisode d'Obadia dans le Livre des Rois[Lequel ?]. Une autre légende le présente comme bienveillant avec une prostituée. Après l'avoir payé, il aurait surmonté la tentation, aurait promis de ne plus pécher et serait mort la nuit même. Ces histoires sont fortement marquées de réminiscences bibliques, en particulier des cycles d'Élie et d’Élisée. Il a été identifié par les exégètes tantôt comme Élie, tantôt comme Josué, tantôt comme Zacharie, tantôt comme Job ou un de ses fils. Une dernière interprétation, basée sur l'homophonie de son nom avec Hizqil, reconnait en lui Ézéchiel. Dans la sphère culturelle indienne, des savants musulmans ont reconnu, dans la figure de Dhû l-kifl, le Bouddha Gautama. Celui-ci est ainsi intégré à la liste des prophètes de l'islam. ¨Pour eux, Kifl serait un...
Dans la ville d'Al-Kifl, située dans l'actuel Irak entre Nadjaf et Hilla, un sanctuaire est consacré à Ézéchiel et les Juifs y allaient en pèlerinage. Néanmoins, la variété des récits sur Dhû l-kifl fait que ce personnages a des tombeaux qui lui sont attribués par les traditions, très éloignés les uns des autres.
Dhul-Kifl, o Zul-Kifl (en árabe, ذُو ٱلْكِفْل :) que significa " Poseedor del Pliegue " (600 a.C.) es un profeta islámico que ha sido identificado con varios profetas de la Biblia hebrea, más comúnmente con Ezequiel. 1 También se cree que es el Profeta Eliseo, sin embargo se desconoce su naturaleza.
Al Kifl (Arabic: الكفل ; also known as Kifl) is a town in southeastern Iraq on the Euphrates River, between Najaf and Al Hillah. The population in and near the town is about 15,000. Kifl is the location of Al-Nukhailah Mosque, containing the tomb of Dhul-Kifl who is believed be the biblical prophet Ezekiel.