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  1. The Duchy of Brittany (Breton: Dugelezh Breizh, [dyˈɡɛːlɛs ˈbrɛjs]; French: Duché de Bretagne) was a medieval feudal state that existed between approximately 939 and 1547. Its territory covered the northwestern peninsula of Europe, bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the English Channel to the north.

  2. This is a list of monarchs of the Duchy of Brittany. In different epochs the sovereigns of Brittany were kings, princes, and dukes. The Breton ruler was sometimes elected, sometimes attained the position by conquest or intrigue, or by hereditary right.

  3. Since 939, Brittany was re-established as a Sovereign Duchy with somewhat definite borders, administered by Dukes of Breton houses from 939 to 1166, before falling into the sphere of influence of the Plantagenets and then the Capets.

  4. Duchy of Brittany. In 845 AD, King Louis the Pious appointed Nominoë (known as Nevenoe in Breton) as the first king of Brittany, a title that would later earn him the moniker “Father of the Breton Nation.”. Map of dialects distribution in Brittany.

    • Artefacts date back to the prehistoric era. Settlements in Brittany date back to prehistory, from 700,000 years BC. It is the site of some of the world’s oldest standing structures such as the the Neolithic Barnenez, the megalithic Carnac stones, and Tumulus Saint-Michel date back to the 5th century BC.
    • It was inhabited by Gallic and Celtic tribes. The first written record dealing with Brittany comes from around 500 BC. At the time, the Gauls followed pagan traditions and were closely related to the Celts of the British Isles.
    • The area was conquered by Julius Caesar and the Romans. Brittany was conquered by Julius Caesar in 56 BCE, on his way to the British Isles. The region became part of the Roman Empire as “Armorica” which was a Romanized version of the Celtic word for “seaside.”
    • Celtic Britons from Wales and Cornwall took refuge here. The Celtic traditions in Brittany strengthened after the fall of Rome. This is because in the 5th and 6th centuries, the Britons of what is now Wales and Cornwall in Great Britain began to emigrate to Armorica (aka Brittany).
  5. May 29, 2024 · Discover the remarkable tale of Anne of Brittany, a young heiress thrust into the tumultuous world of 15th-century politics. Keira Morgan's guest post unveils Anne's journey from a child heir to a formidable duchess fighting for her duchy's survival.

  6. Duchy of Brittany reinforced its powerful states by building fortresses along the Breton Marches and engaging in a thriving maritime trade with Spain, England, Flanders and the Baltic states (Touchard 1967).

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