William (c. 1370 – 15 July 1406), known as William the Courteous (German: Wilhelm der Freundliche), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria from 1386. As head of the Leopoldian line, he ruled over the Inner Austrian duchies of Carinthia, Styria and Carniola as well as the County of Tyrol and Further Austria from 1396 until his death.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_of_Austria
The March of Austria, also known as Marcha Orientalis, was first formed in 976 out of the lands that had once been the March of Pannonia in Carolingian times. The oldest attestation dates back to 996, where the written name "ostarrichi" occurs in a document transferring land in present-day Austria to a Bavarian monastery.
The Duchy of Austria (German: Herzogtum Österreich) was a medieval principality of the Holy Roman Empire, established in 1156 by the Privilegium Minus, when the Margraviate of Austria (Ostarrîchi) was detached from Bavaria and elevated to a duchy in its own right.
- Feudal Duchy
William (c. 1370 – 15 July 1406), known as William the Courteous (German: Wilhelm der Freundliche), a member of the House of Habsburg, was Duke of Austria from 1386. As head of the Leopoldian line, he ruled over the Inner Austrian duchies of Carinthia, Styria and Carniola as well as the County of Tyrol and Further Austria from 1396 until his death.
Frederick the Quarrelsome was born on 25 April 1211, the second surviving son of Duke Leopold VI of Austria and Theodora Angelina, a Byzantineprincess. The death of his elder brother Henry in 1228 made him the only heir to the Austrian and Styrian duchies. Two years later, his father died and Frederick succeeded him. His first spouse was Byzantine princess Sophia Laskarina, and his second wife was Agnes of Merania. Frederick called himself a "Lord of Carniola". However, the couple divorced due to childlessness in 1243. Frederick had no surviving children. Proud of his Byzantine descent, the young duke soon was known as the Quarrelsome because of his harsh rule and frequent wars against his neighbors, primarily with Hungary, Bavaria and Bohemia. Even the Austrian Kuenringer noble family, which had so far been faithful to the ruling house, started an insurgency as soon as his reign began. But most dangerous were his disputes with the Hohenstaufen Emperor Frederick II in the course of...
As the last Babenberg duke, Frederick the Quarrelsome signifies the end of an era in the history of Austria. With his overambitious plans, which were frequently foiled by his erratic character, he somewhat resembled his later Habsburg successor Duke Rudolf IV. According to the 18th century historian Chrysostomus Hanthaler, Frederick was the first Austrian duke utilizing the red-white-red coat of arms after his accession—an attempt to prevail against the reluctant local nobles and to stress his autonomy towards Emperor Frederick II. The triband is first documented in a seal on a deed issued on 30 November 1230, confirming the privileges of Lilienfeld Abbey. The medieval chronicler Jans der Enikel reports that the duke appeared in a red-white-red ceremonial dress at his 1232 accolade in the Vienna Schottenstift. As the Austrian Privilegium Minus also allowed women to inherit, his sister Margaret and his niece Gertrude would have been entitled to the throne. Shortly after the death of...CitationsBibliography
- (1211-04-25)25 April 1211
- Leopold VI
- 15 June 1246(1246-06-15) (aged 35) Leitha
- Sophia Laskarina Agnes of Merania
Frederick IV of Austria (1289 - 1330) was the King of Germany in 1326, the co-Duke of Austria and Styria from 1308 until 1330, and the Lord of Treviso from 1276 until 1286. Frederick was the second son of King Albert I of Habsburg. Frederick was raised with his cousin, the future Duke Louis of Upper Bavaria. His elder brother Rudolph died of dysentery in 1307 and his father was assassinated in ...
- Marriage and Children
Duke of Austria
Leopold succeeded his father as Duke of Austria upon that man's death on 13 January 1177. Soon after becoming Duke, Leopold lent his support to Frederick of Bohemia in his struggle against Duke Sobeslaus II, who had campaigned in the Austrian duchy, and in 1179, Leopold reached a peace agreement with Bohemia. On 17 August 1186, he negotiated the Georgenberg Pact with Ottokar IV of Styria, by which Styria and the central part of Upper Austria were amalgamated into the Duchy of Austria after 11...
Third Crusade and aftermath
Leopold is mainly remembered outside Austria for his participation in the Third Crusade. He arrived to take part in the siege of Acre in spring 1191, having sailed from Zadar on the Adriatic coast. He took over command of what remained of the imperial forces after the death of Frederick VI, Duke of Swabia in January. According to legend his tunic was blood-soaked after the fights and when he doffed his belt, a white stripe appeared. Emperor Henry VI granted him the privilege to adopt these co...
In 1172, Leopold married Helena, a daughter of King Géza II of Hungary. By her, Leopold had at least two children (both sons): 1. Frederick I (d. 16 April 1198) 2. Leopold VI (d. 28 July 1230)
In 1194, Leopold's foot was crushed when his horse fell on him at a tournament in Graz. He died of gangrene, still under excommunication, and was buried at Heiligenkreuz Abbey.Cawley, C.; Austria in Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, see .Fastlinger, M. (ed.); Passau Necrologies (II)(Berlin, 1920)
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Henry II Jasomirgott, (born c. 1114—died Jan. 13, 1177, Vienna), the first duke of Austria, a member of the House of Babenberg who increased the dynasty’s power in Austria by obtaining the Privilegium Minus (a grant of special privileges and a reduction of obligations toward the empire) from the Holy Roman emperor Frederick I Barbarossa when Austria was raised to a duchy.
Jan 25, 2019 · Albert II, Duke of Austria. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Albert II of Austria (December 12, 1298 – August 16, 1358, known as the Wise or the Lame) was Duke of Austria. Life. Albert II was born at Habsburg, the son of Albert I of Germany, Rex Romanorum, and Elisabeth of Tirol.
Duke Frederick III of Austria was the second son of Duke Albert II of Austria and a younger brother of Duke Rudolf IV. He was born and died in Vienna, where he is buried in the Ducal Crypt.
Other articles where Leopold V is discussed: flag of Austria: …stripe, is attributed to Duke Leopold V in the late 12th century. Legend has it that King Henry VI granted him that shield because the duke’s tunic was drenched in blood, except for the white area beneath his belt, after the Battle of Ptolemais in 1191 in the Holy Land.…