- Albrecht Duke of Württemberg was the commander-in-chief of the German 4 th Army from 1914-1917 and the "Heeresgruppe Herzog Albrecht" ("Army Group Duke Albrecht") from 1917-1918. The 4 th Army fought under Duke Albrecht’s command in the victorious Battle of Neufchâteau on 22 and 23 August 1914 and in the first two battles of Ypres.
Carl was born in Friedrichshafen on 1 August 1936. He was the second son of Philipp Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg (1893–1975), and Archduchess Rosa of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (1906–1983). He was educated at the classical grammar school in Riedlingen and the University of Tübingen, where he studied law.
Neuenstadt was annexed to Württemberg in 1742: Charles Eugene Under regency of Charles Rudolph, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt (1737-38) and Charles Frederick II, Duke of Württemberg-Oels (1738-46) 11 February 1728: 1733-1793: 24 October 1793: Duchy of Württemberg: Elisabeth Friederike Sophie of Brandenburg-Bayreuth 26 September 1748 Bayreuth one child
- Early life
- World War I
Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg was the last Württemberger crown prince, a German military commander of the First World War, and the head of the House of Württemberg from 1921 to his death.
Duke Albrecht was born in Vienna as the eldest child of Duke Philipp of Württemberg and his wife Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria, daughter of Archduke Albert, Duke of Teschen. Albrecht entered the armies of the Kingdom of Württemberg and the German Empire in 1883, rose quickly through its ranks, and became the heir apparent to the throne of Württemberg. In 1910, Albrecht attended the funeral of Edward VII. He was a second cousin once removed of Mary of Teck, who was the Queen ...
When World War I began, Duke Albrecht's VI Inspectorate Corps was formed into the 4th Army, 123 battalions strong. As King William II had no sons, Albrecht was appointed the army's commander and assigned to the Ardennes, with Walther von Lüttwitz serving as his Chief of Staff. This army he led to victory alongside Crown Prince Wilhelm's 5th Army at the Battle of the Ardennes in August 1914. Following that victory, the 4th Army saw action in the First Battle of the Marne before being transferred
Albrecht had become heir presumptive to the Kingdom of Württemberg following the death of his father in October 1917, but the German Empire's World War I defeat and the abdication of his cousin King Willhelm II of Württemberg following the German Revolution prevented him from ever succeeding to the throne. He became head of the House of Württemberg after the death of Wilhelm on October 2, 1921. Albrecht died at Altshausen Castle. His son Duke Philipp Albrecht succeeded him as head of the ...
Albrecht was married in Vienna on 24 January 1893 to Archduchess Margarete Sophie of Austria, a daughter of Archduke Carl Ludwig. They had seven children: 1. Philipp Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg. 2. Duke Albrecht Eugen of Württemberg, who married Princess Nadezhda of Bulgaria, daughter of Tsar Ferdinand I. They had five children. 3. Duke Carl Alexander of Württemberg, a Benedictine monk known as "Father Odo". 4. Duchess Maria Amalia of Württemberg, briefly engaged to Crown Prince ...
- Military service
Duke Alexander of Württemberg was a Duke of Württemberg. The son of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg and of Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. His sister Sophie Dorothea married Tsar Paul I of Russia.
In 1798 he married Antoinette of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. They had five children: 1. Marie of Württemberg, who in 1832 married Ernest I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. 2. Paul of Württemberg 3. Alexander of Württemberg, Duke of Württemberg 4. Ernest of Württemberg, Duke of Württemberg, who in 1860 married Nathalie Eschborn, later ennobled as "von Grünhof": Alexandra Nathalie Ernestine von Grünhof, who in 1883 married Robert von Keudell 5. Friedrich Wilhelm Ferdinand of Württemberg
Alexander began service in the Württemberg army as a colonel on 21 April 1791, and transferred to the Austrian army, serving during the campaign against France in 1796–1799, and participating in the battles of Rastadt, Würtzburg, Offenbach, Stockach and Zurich. In 1796 ...
In that year he met Alexander Suvorov, and took up his recommendation to join the Imperial Russian Army as a Lieutenant General and chief of the Riga Cuirassier Regiment which in August 1800 was reorganised into Riga Dragoon Regiment while Alexander was promoted to General of Cav
- Marriage and children
Friedrich Eugen, Duke of Württemberg was the fourth son of Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg, and Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis. He was born in Stuttgart. From 1795 until 1797 he was Duke of Württemberg.
After serving with Frederick the Great during the Seven Years' War, he took up residence in 1769 at his family's exclave, the County of Montbéliard, of which he was also made lieutenant-general in March 1786 by his eldest brother, Charles Eugene, Duke of Württemberg, who had begun to come into the inheritance of portions of the County of Limpurg in the 1780s. He bought the castle and lordship of Hochberg in 1779, but re-sold it in 1791 to his brother. The next year he was named governor ...
His elder brothers had only daughters, so following Charles Eugene's death in 1793 and then that of their brother Duke Ludwig Eugen, Frederick Eugene became reigning duke until his own death two years later. He acquiesced to the Treaty of Paris with revolutionary France, in which his claims to Montbéliard and all other territories on the left bank of the Rhine River were renounced. Frederick Eugene retained, however, France's recognition of the integrity of the duchy of Württemberg itself.
Frederick Eugene married Friederike Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt, a niece of Frederick the Great, by whom he had twelve children: Frederick I, his successor, who would later become the first King of Württemberg; Louis, commander of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania's army, married Polish princess Maria Anna Czartoryska; Eugene; Sophie Dorothea, married to Paul I, Emperor of Russia and became Empress Marie Feodorovna; William Frederick Philip; father of Wilhelm, 1st Duke of Urach; Ferdinand
- Early life
- World War I
Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg ca. 1905 Born (1865-12-23)December 23, 1865 Died October 31, 1939(1939-10-31) (aged 73) Place of birth Vienna, Austrian Empire Place of death Altshausen, Germany Allegiance German Empire Rank Generalfeldmarschall Commands held German 4th Army (1914–1917) Army Group Albrecht (1917–1918) Battles/wars World War I Battle of the Ardennes Battle of the Yser Second Battle of Ypres Awards Austrian Order of the Golden Fleece (1893...
Duke Albrecht was born in Vienna as the eldest child of Duke Philipp of Württemberg and his wife Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria, daughter of Archduke Albert, Duke of Teschen.
At the start of World War I, Duke Albrecht commanded the German 4th Army and led them to victory in the Battle of the Ardennes in August 1914. Following this victory, the 4th Army saw action in the First Battle of the Marne before being transferred to Flanders in October, where Duke Albrecht commanded them during the Battle of the Yser. Duke Albrecht also commanded the German forces during the Second Battle of Ypres, where poison gas was used on a large scale for the first time. Duke Albrecht wa...