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  1. Eastern Orthodox Church - Wikipedia

    3 days ago · The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 220 million baptised members. It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops in local synods.

  2. Eastern Orthodox Church organization - Wikipedia

    3 days ago · The Eastern Orthodox Church, like the Catholic Church, claims to be the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.. The Orthodox Church is a communion comprising the fourteen or sixteen separate autocephalous hierarchical churches that recognize each other as "canonical" Orthodox Christian churches.

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    What is the difference between Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox?

    What are the names of the Orthodox Churches?

    Is Eastern Orthodox Church same as Russian Orthodox?

    Where is Eastern Orthodox Christianity practiced now?

  4. History of the Eastern Orthodox Church - Wikipedia

    Jan 08, 2021 · According to the Eastern Orthodox tradition the history of the Eastern Orthodox Church is traced back to Jesus Christ and the Apostles. The Apostles appointed successors, known as bishops, and they in turn appointed other bishops in a process known as Apostolic succession.

  5. Eastern Orthodox church architecture - Wikipedia
    • Overview
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    Eastern Orthodox church architecture constitutes a distinct, recognizable family of styles among church architectures. These styles share a cluster of fundamental similarities, having been influenced by the common legacy of Byzantine architecture from the Eastern Roman Empire. Some of the styles have become associated with the particular traditions of one specific autocephalous Orthodox patriarchate, whereas others are more widely used within the Eastern Orthodox Church. These architectural styl

    While sharing many traditions, Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity began to diverge from each other from an early date. Whereas the basilica, a long aisled hall with an apse at one end, was the most common form in the West, a more compact centralised style became predominant in the East. These churches were in origin "martyria" focused on the tombs of the saints—specifically, the martyrs who had died during the persecutions, which only fully ended with the conversion of the ...

    In the Russian language a general-purpose word for "church" is tserkov. When spoken in an exalted sense, the term khram, "temple", is used to refer to the church building as a Temple of God Khram Bozhy. The words "church" and "temple", in this case are interchangeable; however, the term “church” is far more common in English. The term "temple" is also commonly applied to larger churches. Some famous churches which are occasionally referred to as temples include Hagia Sophia, Saint Basil ...

    Orthodox church buildings have the following basic shapes, each with its own symbolism: 1. Elongated: rectangle, rounded rectangle, symbolizing the ship as a means of salvation 2. Cruciform 3. Star shaped 4. Circular The cupola instead of a flat ceiling symbolizes the sky. In Russian churches, cupolas are often topped by onion-shaped domes, where crosses are mounted. These domes are called "heads" or "poppy heads". Sometimes crosses have a crescent-like shape at the bottom, which contrary to the

    Romanian Patriarchal Cathedral in Bucharest, completed in 1658, Romania.

  6. Eastern Christianity - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • Families of churches
    • Catholic–Orthodox ecumenism
    • Migration trends
    • Role of Christians in the Islamic culture

    Eastern Christianity comprises Christian traditions and church families that originally developed during classical and late antiquity in the Middle East, Egypt, Northeast Africa, Eastern Europe, Southeastern Europe, Asia Minor, the Malabar coast of southern India, and parts of the Far East. The term does not describe a single communion or religious denomination. Major Eastern Christian bodies include the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Eastern Catholic Churches, Prot

    Eastern Christians do not share the same religious traditions, but do share many cultural traditions. Christianity divided itself in the East during its early centuries both within and outside of the Roman Empire in disputes about Christology and fundamental theology, as well as through national divisions. It would be many centuries later that Western Christianity fully split from these traditions as its own communion. Major branches or families of Eastern Christianity, each of which has a disti

    Ecumenical dialogue since the 1964 meeting between Pope Paul VI and Orthodox Patriarch Athenagoras I has awoken the nearly 1,000-year hopes for Christian unity. Since the lifting of excommunications during the Paul VI and Athenagoras I meeting in Jerusalem there have been other significant meetings between Popes and Ecumenical Patriarchs of Constantinople. One of the most recent meetings was between Benedict XVI and Bartholomew I, who jointly signed the Common Declaration. It states that "We giv

    There has been a significant Christian migration in the 20th century from the Near East. Fifteen hundred years ago Christians were the majority population in today's Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine and Egypt. In 1914 Christians constituted 25% of the population of the Ottoman Empire. At the beginning of the 21st century Christians constituted 6–7% of the region's population: less than 1% in Turkey, 3% in Iraq, 12% in Syria, 39% in Lebanon, 6% in Jordan, 2.5% in Israel ...

    Christians, especially Nestorians, contributed to the Arab Islamic Civilization during the Umayyads and the Abbasids by translating works of Greek philosophers to Syriac and afterwards to Arabic. They also excelled in philosophy, science and theology and the personal physicians of the Abbasid Caliphs were often Assyrian Christians such as the long serving Bukhtishus. Many scholars of the House of Wisdom were of Christian background. A hospital and medical training center existed at Gundeshapur.

  7. Albanian Orthodox Church - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    Jan 07, 2021 · From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Orthodox Autocephalous Church of Albania is one of the Eastern Orthodox churches. It is very new. It was created in 1922 by the fathers of the Albanian Orthodoxy Fan Noli, Visarion Xhuvani, and others.

  8. Serbian Orthodox Church - Wikipedia

    4 days ago · The Serbian Orthodox Church is in full communion with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople (which holds a special place of honour within Orthodoxy and serves as the seat for the Ecumenical Patriarch, who enjoys the status of first-among-equals) and all of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox church bodies.

  9. State religion - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    ^Note 4: In Hungary the constitutional laws of 1848 declared five established churches on equal status: the Roman Catholic, Calvinist, Lutheran, Eastern Orthodox and Unitarian Church. In 1868 the law was ratified again after the Ausgleich .

  10. As well as being head of the Latin Rite of the church (which is the largest with over 1 billion members), the Pope is ultimately the leader of 22 Eastern Catholic Churches, these churches are of the Orthodox tradition of Christianity and it is often the case that they have broken away from their Orthodox mother church to come into communion ...

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