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  1. Sir Edmund Andros (6 December 1637 – 24 February 1714) was an English colonial administrator in British America. He was the governor of the Dominion of New England during most of its three-year existence. At other times, Andros served as governor of the provinces of New York, East and West Jersey, Virginia, and Maryland.

  2. Sir Edmund Andros, (born Dec. 6, 1637, London, Eng.—died Feb. 24, 1714, London), English administrator in North America who made an abortive attempt to stem growing colonial independence by imposing a kind of supercolony, the Dominion of New England. Andros grew up as a page in the royal household, and his fidelity to the crown during its exile after the English Civil Wars was rewarded in 1674 by his appointment as governor of New York and New Jersey.

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. Dec 27, 2015 · Sir Edmund Andros served as governor of Virginia from 1692 until 1698. Born in London, Andros enjoyed ties to the family of Charles II, served in the army, was appointed governor of New York by the future James II in 1674 and in 1686 of the Dominion of New England. His stay in New England was unpopular enough that he ended up imprisoned before returning to England.

  4. Sir Edmund Andros (1637-1714), an English colonial governor in America, was an able though arbitrary administrator. Because his regime conflicted with the interests of colonial Puritan leaders, he became a symbol of oppression. Edmund Andros was born in London on Dec. 6, 1637.

    • Early Life
    • Governor of New York
    • Dominion of New England
    • Governor of Virginia
    • Later Years
    • Legacy
    • References
    • External Links

    Andros was born in London on 6 December 1637. Amice Andros, his father, was Bailiff of Guernsey and a staunch supporter of Charles I. His mother was Elizabeth Stone, whose sister was a courtier to the king's sister, Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia. Although it has been claimed that Andros was present at the surrender in 1651 of Guernsey's Castle Cornet,...

    After his father died in 1674, Andros acquired Sausmarez Manor and was named to succeed him as Bailiff of Guernsey. He was also appointed by the Duke of York to be the first proprietary governor of the Province of New York. The province's territory included the former territories of New Netherland, ceded to England by the Treaty of Westminster, inc...

    In 1686 he was appointed governor of the Dominion of New England. He arrived in Boston on 20 December 1686, and immediately assumed the reins of power. His commission called for governance by himself, with a council. The initial composition of the council included representatives from each of the colonies the dominion absorbed, but because of the i...

    Andros was well received at court upon his return to England. The new king, William III, recalled that Andros had visited his court in the Netherlands, and expressed approval of Andros' service. In search of employment, Andros offered his services as a spy, offering the idea of going to Paris, ostensibly to meet with the exiled James, but to actual...

    Andros' recall was announced in London in May 1698; he was replaced by Nicholson. He returned to England, and resumed his post as bailiff of Guernsey. He divided his time between Guernsey and London, where he had a house in Denmark Hill. His second wife died in 1703, and he married for the third time in 1707, to Elizabeth Fitzherbert. In 1704 Queen...

    The historian Michael Kammenstates that Andros failed in all of his roles in the colonies: Andros remains a notorious figure in New England, especially in Connecticut, which officially excludes him from its list of colonial governors, but his portrait hangs in the Hall of Governors in the State Museum across from the State Capitol in Hartford. Alth...

    Primary sources

    1. Hall, Michael G. et al. eds. The Glorious Revolution in America: Documents on the Colonial Crisis of 1689 (1964) excerpt 2. Whitmore, William Henry, ed (1868). The Andros Tracts: Being a Collection of Pamphlets and Official Papers Issued During the Period Between the Overthrow of the Andros Government and the Establishment of the Second Charter of Massachusetts (1868–1874). Boston: The Prince Society. OCLC 1842576.

    Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911) "Andros, Sir Edmund" Encyclopædia Britannica 2(11th ed.) Cambridge University Press p. 1
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  5. Edmund Andros (6 December 1637 – 24 February 1714) was an English colonial administrator who served as Governor of New York from 9 February 1674 to 18 April 1683 (succeeding Anthony Colve and preceding Thomas Dongan), as Governor of East Jersey from 1674 to 1681 (succeeding Philip Carteret and preceding Robert Barclay) and from 1688 to 1689 (succeeding Barclay and preceding Andrew Hamilton), as Governor of New England from 20 December 1686 to 18 April 1689 (succeeding Joseph Dudley), as ...

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