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  1. Edward III of England Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377), also known as Edward of Windsor before his accession, was King of England and Lord of Ireland from January 1327 until his death in 1377. He is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father, Edward II.

  2. Nov 14, 2022 · Edward III, byname Edward of Windsor, (born November 13, 1312, Windsor, Berkshire, England—died June 21, 1377, Sheen, Surrey), king of England from 1327 to 1377, who led England into the Hundred Years’ War with France.

    • Thomas Frederick Tout
    • Succession
    • Regency
    • Scotland
    • France: The Hundred Years' War
    • Domestic Events
    • Knights & Chivalry
    • Death & Successor

    Edward III was born on 13 November 1312 CE at Windsor Castle, the son of King Edward II of England and Isabella of France (b. c. 1289 CE), the daughter of Philip IV of France (r. 1285-1314 CE). Edward's parents had married largely for diplomatic reasons and to produce an heir. In this latter respect, the marriage was a success and four children wer...

    With his father's demise, the young Prince Edward, aged just 14, was declared king with Isabella and Mortimer acting as his regents. Edward III thus became the final part of the trio that completed the 'Edwardian' period of medieval England (1272-1377 CE). The coronation took place on 1 February 1327 CE, as usual, at Westminster Abbey. There follow...

    Scotland's independence had been secured in the 1328 CE Treaty of Northampton, but Edward had not given up on the dream of his grandfather, Edward I of England (r. 1272-1307 CE), to conquer the country. When the Scottish king Robert the Bruce died in 1329 CE after a 23-year reign, his successor was David II (r. 1329-1371 CE), then only five years o...

    Edward III held lands in France and he could even make a strong claim to the French crown via his mother Isabella. The current French king was Philip VI of France (r. 1328-1350 CE) who had succeeded his cousin Charles IV of France (r. 1322-1328 CE) even if, when Charles had died, it was Edward who was his closest male relative, being Charles' nephe...

    From 1341 CE the English Parliament was beginning to take the form it has today with two separate houses sitting, the lower and the upper house (what would become the House of Commons and House of Lords respectively). The Parliament was able to push for more powers as the king became more desperate for funds, and these included the Houses first app...

    During the good times of the victories in France, Edward's court became famous for its pageantry, extravagant clothing and chivalry. Medieval literature boomed, too, with the celebrated poet Geoffrey Chaucer, (c. 1343-1400 CE) a member of the king's inner circle from 1367 CE onwards. Edward, a keen student of history, seemed intent on creating a ne...

    By the end of his reign, Edward was becoming increasingly unpopular and perhaps his mind was suffering from his age. There were no more victories in France to cheer, the state coffers and just about everyone else's were empty, and the king's scheming mistress, Alice Perrers - Queen Philippa had died of illness in 1369 CE - proved unpopular at court...

    • Mark Cartwright
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    • Achievements of The Reign
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    The middle years of Edward's reign was a period of significant legislative activity. Perhaps the best known piece of legislation was the Statute of Labourers of 1351, which addressed the labor shortage problem caused by the Black Death. The statute fixed wages at their pre-plague level and checked peasant mobility by asserting that lords had first claim on their men's services. In spite of concerted efforts to uphold the statute, it eventually failed due to competition among landowners for la...

    Parliament and taxation

    Parliament as a representative institution was already well established by the time of Edward III, but the reign was nevertheless central to its development. Parliament's role in deposing Edward II and in confirming Edward III's own succession, had also strengthened its authority. During this period membership in the English baronage, formerly a somewhat indistinct group, became restricted to those who received a personal summons to parliament. This happened as parliament gradually developed...

    Chivalry and national identity

    Central to Edward III's policy was reliance on the higher nobility for purposes of war and administration. While his father had regularly been in conflict with a great portion of his peerage, Edward III successfully created a spirit of camaraderie between himself and his greatest subjects. Both Edward I and Edward II had conducted a policy of limitation, allowing the creation of few peerages during the sixty years preceding Edward III's reign. The young king reversed this policy when, in 1337...

    Edward III enjoyed unprecedented popularity in his own lifetime, and even the troubles of his later reign were never blamed directly on the king himself. Edward's contemporary Jean Froissart wrote in his Chronicles that "His like had not been seen since the days of King Arthur".This view persisted for awhile, but, with time, the image of the king c...

    Allmand, Christopher. The Hundred Years War: England and France at War c.1300-c.1450. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. ISBN 0521264995
    Ayton, Andrew. Knights and Warhorses: Military Service and the English Aristocracy Under Edward III. University of Rochester Press, 1994). ISBN 0851155685
    Barber, Richard. "Edwards III's Round Table." History Today57(8) (Aug 2007): 12-18.
    Bothwell, J. S. The Age of Edward III. York Medieval Press, 2001. ISBN 1903153069

    All links retrieved November 20, 2021. 1. The Medieval Sourcebook has some good sources relating to the reign of Edward III: 1.1. The Ordinance of Labourers, 1349 1.2. The Statute of Laborers, 1351 1.3. Thomas Walsingham’s account of the Good Parliament of 1376 2. Man of War: Edward III, King of England

  3. King of England from January 1327, Edward III was famous for his victories in the Hundred Years War, but would also face many challenges after inheriting a chaotic and disorderly mantle from his recently deposed father, Edward II.

  4. The Medieval Sourcebook[permanent dead link]) has some good sources relating to the reign of Edward III: The Ordinance of Labourers, 1349 The Statute of Laborers, 1351 Thomas Walsingham’s account of the Good Parliament of 1376. Man of War: Edward III, King of England at

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