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  1. Edward III, King of England. Mother. Philippa of Hainault. Edward of Woodstock, known to history as the Black Prince (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376), [1] [a] was the eldest son of King Edward III of England, and the heir apparent to the English throne. He died before his father and so his son, Richard II, succeeded to the throne instead.

    • Early Life & Titles
    • Hundred Years' War
    • Battle of Crécy
    • Chivalry & Garters
    • Battle of Poitiers
    • Castile & Najera
    • Return to France: Limoges
    • Death & Burial

    Edward was born on 15 June 1330 CE in Woodstock near Oxford, the eldest son of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault (c. 1314-1369 CE). The prince received his first suit of armour aged just seven and he would indeed turn out to be one of the greatest warriors England ever produced. Around the same time, in March 1337 CE, King Edward ensur...

    In 1337 CE Edward III of England was intent on expanding his lands in France and he had the perfect excuse as via his mother Isabella of France (b. c. 1289 CE and the daughter of Philip IV of France, r. 1285-1314 CE), he could claim a right to the French throne. Naturally, the current king, Philip VI of France (r. 1328-1350 CE), was unwilling to st...

    Edward the Black Prince was first charged with torching as many French towns and villages as he could through 1346 CE. This strategy, known as chevauchée, was a common enough part of medieval warfare and had been used at least as far back as 1066 CE by William the Conqueror. The aims of the strategy were multiple: to strike terror into the locals, ...

    The Black Prince seems to have enjoyed the pomp and ceremony of medieval tournaments just as much as his father and he participated in the great 15-day tournament of 1344 CE at Windsor Castle. The prince was also a founder member of his father's new and exclusive knight's club and epitome of medieval chivalry, the Order of the Garter (c. 1348 CE). ...

    A new king, John II of France (r. 1350-1364 CE), continued the war with England but committed the same errors as his predecessor on the battlefield. In 1355-6 CE, the Black Prince raided Gascony and captured Bordeaux which he thereafter used as his base for further sorties. The region was a major contributor to the French king's coffers, and so Edw...

    During the peace that followed the Treaty of Brétigny, the Black Prince directed his martial passions towards Castile in Spain. Here in 1367 CE, Pedro I (r. 1350-1366 CE) hoped to reclaim the throne he had lost to his half-brother Henry II of Castile (r. 1366-1367 & 1369-1379 CE). Pedro's ambiguous reputation is indicated by his contrasting nicknam...

    The Black Prince was needed back in France where Charles V was back on the offensive and nibbling away at English-held lands where discontent over Edward's taxes was rife. In 1370 CE Limoges was recaptured but the Black Prince did lasting damage to his reputation, at least in France (where it was quite low already), by ordering the execution of som...

    Prince Edward was 46 when he died on 8 June 1376 CE, probably of dysentery, and a nation mourned. Edward's tomb, as he had wished, lies in Canterbury Cathedral where the prince's black helmet, shield, and gauntlets were originally hung above it. The gilded copper effigy of the prince shows him in full armour and wearing the quartered coat of arms o...

    • Mark Cartwright
    • Publishing Director
  2. Jun 11, 2022 · edward the black prince, also called edward of woodstock, prince d’aquitaine, prince of wales, duke of cornwall, earl of chester, (born june 15, 1330, woodstock, oxfordshire, eng.—died june 8, 1376, westminster, near london), son and heir apparent of edward iii of england and one of the outstanding commanders during the hundred years’ war, …

  3. Nov 08, 2019 · Edward The Black Prince by Terry MacEwen Edward of Woodstock was born in – unsurprisingly – Woodstock, on June 15th 1330. He was the eldest son of King Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, but alas he never actually became king, dying one year before his father on 8th June 1376, at only 45 years old.

  4. Apr 10, 2017 · After Calais’ fall, Prince Edward looted, harried and burned the countryside for 30 miles around. In 1349, bubonic plague – the dreaded “Black Death” – struck Europe. The disease killed as much as a third of the European population. In Paris alone, 50,000 people, a quarter of the city’s population, died.

    • Chuck Lyons
  5. Edward the Black Prince was barely 20, the commander of a large force, and had territories in Chester and Cornwall to maintain. His father had been trying to arrange his marriage since he was a kid, but despite his many commitments, Edward still had time to sow his wild oats.

  6. Edward, Prince of Wales, known as the Black Prince © Although Edward never became king - he died before his father, Edward III - he is remembered as a great medieval military hero, with notable...

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