Eleanor, Queen of Castile (1162 - 1214)
- Early Life. Eleanor was named for her mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine. ...
- Eleanor as Queen. Eleanor was granted control in her marriage treaty of lands and towns so that her own power was nearly as much as her husband's.
- Death. ...
Eleanor of England (Spanish: Leonor; c. 1161 – 31 October 1214), was Queen of Castile and Toledo as wife of Alfonso VIII of Castile. She was the sixth child and second daughter of Henry II, King of England, and Eleanor of Aquitaine.
Eleanor of Castile (1241 – 28 November 1290) was Queen of England as the first wife of Edward I, who she married as part of a political deal to affirm English sovereignty over Gascony . The marriage was known to be particularly close, and Eleanor travelled extensively with her husband.
- Early Life and Family
- Later Depictions
- External Links
Eleanor was born in the castle at Domfront, Normandy c. 1161, as the second daughter of Henry II, King of England and his wife Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine, and was baptised by Henry of Marcy. Her half-siblings were Countess Marie and Countess Alix, and her full siblings were Henry the Young King, Duchess Matilda, King Richard, Duke Geoffrey, Queen Joan and King John. Eleanor had an older brother, William (17 August 1153- April 1156) the first son of Henry II, and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He died of a seizure at Wallingford Castle, and he was buried in Reading Abbey at the feet of his great-grandfather Henry I.
In 1170 Eleanor married King Alfonso VIII of Castile in Burgos.Her parents' purpose in arranging the marriage was to secure Aquitaine's Pyrenean border, while Alfonso was seeking an ally in his struggles with Sancho VI of Navarre. In 1177, this led to Henry overseeing arbitration of the border dispute. Around the year 1200, Alfonso began to claim that the duchy of Gascony was part of Eleanor's dowry, but there is no documented foundation for that claim. It is highly unlikely that Henry II would have parted with so significant a portion of his domains. At most, Gascony may have been pledged as security for the full payment of his daughter's dowry. Her husband went so far on this claim as to invade Gascony in her name in 1205. In 1206, her brother John granted her safe passage to visit him, perhaps to try opening peace negotiations. In 1208, Alfonso yielded on the claim.Decades later, their great-grandson Alfonso X of Castile would claim the duchy on the grounds that her dowry had nev...
Eleanor was praised for her beauty and regal nature by the poet Ramón Vidal de Besalú after her death.Her great-grandson Alfonso X referred to her as "noble and much loved". Eleanor was played by Ida Norden in the silent film The Jewess of Toledo.Cerda, José Manuel (2011), La dot gasconne d'Aliénor d'Angleterre. Entre royaume de Castille, royaume de France et royaume d'Angleterre, Cahiers de civilisation médiévale, ISSN 0007-9731, Vol. 54,...Cerda, José Manuel (2012). "Leonor Plantagenet y la consolidación castellana en el reinado de Alfonso VIII". Anuario de Estudios Medievales 42.2. ISSN 0066-5061.
- Early Life
- in Popular Culture
Eleanor was born in the castle at Domfront, Normandy on 13 October 1161. She was baptized by Henry of Marcy. She had five older siblings: William IX, Count of Poitiers (1153-1156), Henry the Young King (1155-1183), Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony (1156-1189), Richard I of England (1157-1199), Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany (1158-1186), and two younger siblings: Joan of England, Queen of Sicily (1165-1199), John, King of England (1166-1216). Eleanor had several illegitimate siblings from her father: Geoffrey (1152-1212) and William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury (1176-1226). From her mother's first marriage, Eleanor had two older sisters: Marie of France, Countess of Champagne (1145-1198) and Alix of France(1150-1197 or 1198).
When she was 14 years old, before 17 September 1177, Eleanor was married to King Alfonso VIII of Castile in Burgos. The marriage had been arranged some years earlier; the couple were betrothed in 1170 but, because of Eleanor’s youth at that time, the wedding was delayed. Her parents' purpose in arranging the marriage was to secure Aquitaine's Pyrenean border, while Alfonso was seeking an ally in his struggles with his uncle, Sancho VI of Navarre. In 1177, this led to Henry overseeing arbitration of the border dispute. Around 1200, Alfonso began to claim that the duchy of Gascony was part of Eleanor's dowry, but there is no documented foundation for that claim. It is highly unlikely that Henry II would have parted with so significant a portion of his domains. At most, Gascony may have been pledged as security for the full payment of his daughter's dowry. Alfonso went so far on this claim as to invade Gascony in Eleanor's name in 1205. In 1206, her brother, John, King of England, gran...
In her own marriage treaty, and in the first marriage treaty for her daughter Berengaria, Eleanor was given direct control of many lands, towns, and castles throughout the kingdom. She was almost as powerful as Alfonso, who specified in his will in 1204 that she was to rule alongside their son in the event of his death, including taking responsibility for paying his debts and executing his will. It was she who persuaded him to marry their daughter Berengaria to Alfonso IX of León. Troubadours and sages were regularly present in Alfonso VIII's court due to Eleanor’s patronage. Eleanor took particular interest in supporting religious institutions. In 1179, she took responsibility to support and maintain a shrine to St. Thomas Becket in the cathedral of Toledo. She also created and supported the Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas, which served as a refuge and tomb for her family for generations, and its affiliated hospital. When Alfonso died, Eleanor was reportedly so devastat...
Eleanor took sick and died on 31 October 1214, only twenty-eight days after her husband. She was buried at Abbey of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas.
Eleanor was praised for her beauty and regal nature by the poet Ramón Vidal de Besalú after her death. Movies 1. 1919: played by Ida Norden The Jewess of Toledo.
- Henry II of England
- September 1177-5 October 1214
- of Plantagenet / Angevin
Eleanor Of Castile, Spanish Leonor De Castilla, (born 1246—died Nov. 28, 1290, Harby, Nottinghamshire, Eng.), queen consort of King Edward I of England (ruled 1272–1307). Her devotion to Edward helped bring out his better qualities; after her death, his rule became somewhat arbitrary.
Mar 28, 2021 · Eleanor of England (known in Castilian as Leonor; 13 October 1162 – 31 October 1214) was Queen of Castile and Toledo as wife of Alfonso VIII of Castile. She was a daughter of Henry II of England and his wife, Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. Contents 1 Early life 2 Family 3 Marriage 4 Children 5 Ancestors 6 References 7 Sources 8 External links
- Early Life
- Eleanor as Queen
Eleanor was named for her mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine. As a daughter of Henry II of England, her marriage was arranged for political purposes. She was paired with King Alfonso VIII of Castile, betrothed in 1170 and married sometime before September 17, 1177, when she was fourteen. Her full siblings were William IX, Count of Poitiers; Henry the Young King; Matilda, Duchess of Saxony; Richard I of England; Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany; Joan of England, Queen of Sicily; and John of England. Her older half-siblings were Marie of France and Alix of France
Eleanor was granted control in her marriage treaty of lands and towns so that her own power was nearly as much as her husband's. The marriage of Eleanor and Alfonso produced a number of children. Several sons who were, in turn, expected heirs of their father died in childhood. Their youngest child, Henry or Enrique, survived to succeed his father. Alfonso claimed Gascony as part of Eleanor's dowry, invading the duchy in his wife's name in 1205, and abandoning the claim in 1208. Eleanor wielded considerable power in her new position. She was also a patron of many religious sites and institutions, including Santa Maria la Real at Las Huelgas where many in her family became nuns. She sponsored troubadours to court. She helped arrange the marriage of their daughter Berenguela(or Berengaria) to Leon's king. Another daughter, Urraca, was married to the future king of Portugal, Alfonso II; a third daughter,Blanche or Blanca, was married to the future King Louis VIII of France; a fourth dau...
Although Eleanor thus became the regent for her son Enrique on her husband's death, in 1214 when Enrique was only ten, Eleanor's grief was so great that her daughter Berenguela had to handle the burial of Alfonso. Eleanor died on October 31st, 1214, less than a month after Alfonso's death, leaving Berenguela as her brother's regent. Enrique died at age 13, killed by a falling roof tile. Eleanor was the mother of eleven children, but only six survived her: 1. Berenguela(1180 - 1246) - she married Conrad II of Swabia but the marriage contract was annulled. She married Alfonso IX of Leon, but that marriage was dissolved on grounds of consanguinity. She became regent for her brother Enrique (Henry) I, and became Queen of Castile in her own right when he died in 1217. She abdicated right after that, and her son Ferdinand III of Castile brought together Castile and Leon. 2. Sancho (1181 - 1181) - briefly heir to Castile, died at three months 3. Sancha (1182 - 1185) 4. Enrique (1184 - 1184...
Sep 04, 2020 · Eleanor of Castile (1241 – 28 November 1290) was the first queen consort of Edward I of England. She was also Countess of Ponthieu in her own right from 1279 until her death in 1290, succeeding her mother and ruling together with her husband.
- Westminster, Middlesex, England
- Burgos, Burgos, CL, Spain
Credit – Wikipedia Born on October 13, 1161, at Domfront Castle in the Duchy of Normandy, now in France, Eleanor was the second of the three daughters and the sixth of the eight children of King Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine.