The Elector Palatine, now based in Heidelberg, adopted Lutheranism in the 1530s; when the senior branch of the family died out in 1559, the Electorate passed to Frederick III of Simmern, a staunch Calvinist, and the Palatinate became one of the major centers of Calvinism in Europe, supporting Calvinist rebellions in both the Netherlands and France.
As son and heir of Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (1574–1610), Frederick was the hereditary ruler of the Palatinate. Frederick was born on 26 August 1596   at the Jagdschloss Deinschwang (a hunting lodge) near Amberg in the Upper Palatinate .
Frederick V, elector Palatine of the Rhine, king of Bohemia (as Frederick I, 1619–20), and director of the Protestant Union. Brought up a Calvinist, partly in France, Frederick succeeded his father, Frederick IV, both as elector and as director of the Protestant Union in 1610, with Christian of
- Counts Palatine of Lotharingia, 915–1085
- Counts Palatine of The Rhine, 1085–1356
- Electors Palatine, 1356–1777
- Younger History
The Palatinate emerged from the County Palatine of Lotharingia, which came into existence in the 10th century. 1. Wigeric of Lotharingia, count of the Bidgau (c. 915/916–922) 2. Godfrey, count of the Jülichgau (c. 940)
From about 1085/1086, after the death of the last Ezzonian palatine count, Herman II of Lotharingia, the Palatinate lost its military importance in Lotharingia. The territorial authority of the count palatine was reduced to his counties along the Rhine, from then on called County Palatine of the Rhine. 1. Heinrich II of Laach, 1085–95 2. Sigfried of Ballenstadt, 1095–1113 3. Gottfried of Kalw, 1113–29 4. William of Ballenstedt, 1129–39 5. Henry IV Jasomirgott, 1139–42 6. Hermann III of Stahle...
In the Golden Bull of 1356, the Palatinate was recognized as one of the secular electorates, and given the hereditary offices of archsteward (Erztruchseß) of the Empire and imperial vicar (Reichsverweser) of Franconia, Swabia, the Rhine, and southern Germany. From that time forth, the Count Palatine of the Rhine was usually known as the Elector Palatine (Kurfürst von der Pfalz). The position as prince-elector had already existed earlier (for example, two rival kings of Germany were elected in...
Only after the great restorations of 1815, the (Rhenish or Lower) Palatinate, albeit without any prince-electoral role any longer, was restored as one of then eight Bavarian Districts (= provinces). After WW II the American Military Government for Germany took it away from Bavaria and put it together with neighbouring territories to form a new state called Rhenania-Palatinate (German: Rheinland-Pfalz) with Mainz as the state capital. The people - as far as the Palatinian share amongst them wa...
1. ↑ Kohnle, Armin (2005). \\"Mittelalterliche Grundlagen; Pfalzgraftenamt, Territorialentwicklung und Kurwürde\\" (in German). Kleine Geschichte der Kurpfalz. Regionalgeschichte-fundiert und kompakt (First Edition ed.). Karlsruhe: G. Braun Buchverlag. pp. 17. ISBN 3-7650-8329-1.
1596–1632, king of Bohemia (1619–20), elector palatine (1610–20) as Frederick V. The Protestant diet of Bohemia deposed the Roman Catholic King Ferdinand (Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II Ferdinand II, 1578–1637, Holy Roman emperor (1619–37), king of Bohemia (1617–37) and of Hungary (1618–37); successor of Holy Roman Emperor Matthias.
Charles Louis, (German: Karl I. Ludwig), Elector Palatine KG (22 December 1617 – 28 August 1680) was the second son of Frederick V of the Palatinate, the "Winter King" of Bohemia, and of Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia and sister of Charles I of England.
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Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine ("Jan Wellem" in Low German, English: "John William"; 19 Aprile 1658 – 8 Juin 1716) o the Hoose o Wittelsbach wis Elector Palatine (1690–1716), Duke o Neuburg (1690–1716), Duke o Jülich an Berg (1679–1716), an Duke o Upper Palatinate an Cham (1707–1714). Frae 1697 onwards Johann Wilhelm was aa Count o ...
Ludwig VI, Elector Palatine (4 July 1539 in Simmern – 22 October 1583 in Heidelberg), was an Elector from the Palatinate-Simmern branch of the house of Wittelsbach.He was the first-born son of Frederick III, Elector Palatine and Marie of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.
Palatinate, in German history, the lands of the count palatine, a title held by a leading secular prince of the Holy Roman Empire. Geographically, the Palatinate was divided between two small territorial clusters: the Rhenish, or Lower, Palatinate and the Upper Palatinate.
The protestant Elector Palatine Frederick V (1596-1632), called the "Winter King" of Bohemia, played a unique role in the struggle between Roman Catholic and Protestant Europe. His election in 1619 as King of Bohemia precipitated the Thirty Years War that lasted from 1619 until 1648.