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  1. Johann Wilhelm II, Elector Palatine ("Jan Wellem" in Low German, English: "John William"; 19 April 1658 – 8 June 1716) of the Wittelsbach dynasty was Elector Palatine (1690–1716), Duke of Neuburg (1690–1716), Duke of Jülich and Berg (1679–1716), and Duke of Upper Palatinate and Cham (1707–1714).

    Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine - Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Wilhelm,_Elector_Palatine
  2. Electoral Palatinate - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electoral_Palatinate

    4 days ago · The Elector Palatine, now based in Heidelberg, adopted Lutheranism in the 1530s; when the senior branch of the family died out in 1559, the Electorate passed to Frederick III of Simmern, a staunch Calvinist, and the Palatinate became one of the major centers of Calvinism in Europe, supporting Calvinist rebellions in both the Netherlands and France.

    • Feudal monarchy
    • German
  3. Frederick V of the Palatinate - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_V,_Elector_Palatine

    4 days ago · As son and heir of Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (1574–1610), Frederick was the hereditary ruler of the Palatinate. Frederick was born on 26 August 1596 [1] [2] at the Jagdschloss Deinschwang (a hunting lodge) near Amberg in the Upper Palatinate .

  4. Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Wilhelm,_Elector...
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    Johann Wilhelm II, Elector Palatine of the Wittelsbach dynasty was Elector Palatine, Duke of Neuburg, Duke of Jülich and Berg, and Duke of Upper Palatinate and Cham. From 1697 onwards Johann Wilhelm was also Count of Megen.

    He was the son of Count Palatine Philip William of Neuburg and Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt and was born in Düsseldorf, where he resided, rather than in Heidelberg, which had been largely destroyed by French troops during the Nine Years' War. He was educated by the Jesuits and in 1674 he made a grand tour to Italy. Equestrian portrait of Johann Wilhelm by Anthoni Schoonjans, 1702 His brother was Franz Ludwig, Count Palatine of Neuburg, his sisters were married to Holy Roman Emperor ...

    As a gift to Johann Wilhelm and his new bride, Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha of Austria, Johann Wilhelm's father ceded to them the Duchies of Jülich and Berg in 1679.

    On 25 October 1678, in Wiener Neustadt, Johann Wilhelm married Archduchess Maria Anna Josepha of Austria. She was a daughter of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, and his third wife, Eleanor of Mantua. The wedding ceremony was performed by Archbishop Leopold Karl von Kollonitsch. The couple settled in Düsseldorf, where they led an elaborate royal household. During their marriage, Maria Anna Josepha gave birth to two children, but neither survived infancy: 1. A son. 2. A son. Maria Anna ...

    He was more popular in Jülich-Berg, where he erected impressive buildings such as the Schloss Bensberg and led a lavish court which gave work to many artists and artisans, including the court painters Johannes Spilberg, his daughter Adriana, her later husband Eglon van der Neer, Adriaen van der Werff, Jan Frans van Douven, Herman van der Mijn, Jan van Nickelen, his daughter Jacoba Maria van Nickelen, her husband Willem Troost, Anthoni Schoonjans, Rachel Ruysch, Godfried Schalcken and Jan Weenix

  5. Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_III_Philip...
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    Charles III Philip was Elector Palatine, Count of Palatinate-Neuburg, and Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1716 to 1742. Until 1728 he was also Count of Megen.

    Born in Neuburg an der Donau, Charles Philip was the seventh of 17 children of Philip William, Elector Palatine and Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt. Though Charles Philip became a cleric in Cologne at the age of fourteen in 1677 in Salzburg, and again in 1679 in Mainz, he was not ordained but instead started a military career in 1684. He then joined the Habsburg war against the Turks 1691–1694 and was promoted imperial field marshal. In 1712 he was appointed Governor of Further ...

    Charles Philip married three times: 1. In Berlin on 10 August 1688 he married firstly Princess Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł, dowager margravine of Brandenburg and a wealthy heiress in Lithuania. They had four children although only a single daughter, Elisabeth Auguste, lived to adulthood

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  6. Frederick IV | elector Palatine of the Rhine | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/Frederick-IV...

    Sep 15, 2020 · Frederick IV, elector Palatine of the Rhine, only surviving son of the elector Louis VI. Frederick’s father died in October 1583, when the young elector came under the guardianship of his uncle John Casimir, an ardent Calvinist. In January 1592, on the death of John Casimir, Frederick undertook t

  7. Prince-elector - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince-elector

    4 days ago · The Elector of Bavaria replaced the Elector Palatine in 1623, but when the latter was granted a new electorate in 1648, there was a dispute between the two as to which was vicar. In 1659, both purported to act as vicar, but the other vicar recognised the Elector of Bavaria.

  8. Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine - Wikipedia

    sco.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Wilhelm,_Elector...

    Aug 29, 2020 · Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine ("Jan Wellem" in Low German, English: "John William"; 19 Aprile 1658 – 8 Juin 1716) o the Hoose o Wittelsbach wis Elector Palatine (1690–1716), Duke o Neuburg (1690–1716), Duke o Jülich an Berg (1679–1716), an Duke o Upper Palatinate an Cham (1707–1714). Frae 1697 onwards Johann Wilhelm was aa Count o ...

  9. Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Stuart,_Queen_of...

    4 days ago · Elizabeth Stuart (19 August 1596 – 13 February 1662) was Electress of the Palatinate and briefly Queen of Bohemia as the wife of Frederick V of the Palatinate.Because her husband's reign in Bohemia lasted for just one winter, Elizabeth is often referred to as the "Winter Queen".

  10. Sophia of Hanover - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophia_of_Hanover

    4 days ago · Sophia of the Palatinate (14 October 1630 – 8 June 1714) was the Electress of Hanover by marriage to Elector Ernest Augustus, and later the heir presumptive to the thrones of England (later Great Britain) and Ireland under the Act of Settlement 1701.

  11. Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia

    www.wikipedia.org/wiki/en:Leopold_I,_Holy_Roman...

    In 1692, the duke of Hanover was raised to the rank of an elector, becoming the ninth member of the electoral college. In 1700, Leopold, greatly in need of help for the impending war with France, granted the title of king in Prussia to the elector of Brandenburg. The net result of these and similar changes was to weaken the authority of the ...