The County Palatine of the Rhine (German: Pfalzgrafschaft bei Rhein), later the Electorate of the Palatinate (German: Kurfürstentum von der Pfalz) or simply Electoral Palatinate (German: Kurpfalz), was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire (specifically, a palatinate) administered by the Count Palatine of the Rhine.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electoral_Palatinate
The County Palatine of the Rhine (German: Pfalzgrafschaft bei Rhein), later the Electorate of the Palatinate (German: Kurfürstentum von der Pfalz) or simply Electoral Palatinate (German: Kurpfalz), was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire (specifically, a palatinate) administered by the Count Palatine of the Rhine.
Frederick V, elector Palatine of the Rhine, king of Bohemia (as Frederick I, 1619–20), and director of the Protestant Union. Brought up a Calvinist, partly in France, Frederick succeeded his father, Frederick IV, both as elector and as director of the Protestant Union in 1610, with Christian of
Frederick III, elector Palatine of the Rhine (1559–76) and a leader of the German Protestant princes who worked for a Protestant victory in Germany, France, and the Netherlands. Frederick adopted Lutheranism in 1546 and Calvinism somewhat later. His Calvinism and his opposition to the Habsburg e
People also ask
What does Electoral Palatinate of the Rhine mean?
What are Palatine Germans?
Where did the German Palatine originate?
What does Elector mean?
- Counts Palatine of Lotharingia, 915–1085
- Counts Palatine of The Rhine, 1085–1356
- Electors Palatine, 1356–1777
- Younger History
The Palatinate emerged from the County Palatine of Lotharingia, which came into existence in the 10th century. 1. Wigeric of Lotharingia, count of the Bidgau (c. 915/916–922) 2. Godfrey, count of the Jülichgau (c. 940)
From about 1085/1086, after the death of the last Ezzonian palatine count, Herman II of Lotharingia, the Palatinate lost its military importance in Lotharingia. The territorial authority of the count palatine was reduced to his counties along the Rhine, from then on called County Palatine of the Rhine. 1. Heinrich II of Laach, 1085–95 2. Sigfried of Ballenstadt, 1095–1113 3. Gottfried of Kalw, 1113–29 4. William of Ballenstedt, 1129–39 5. Henry IV Jasomirgott, 1139–42 6. Hermann III of Stahle...
In the Golden Bull of 1356, the Palatinate was recognized as one of the secular electorates, and given the hereditary offices of archsteward (Erztruchseß) of the Empire and imperial vicar (Reichsverweser) of Franconia, Swabia, the Rhine, and southern Germany. From that time forth, the Count Palatine of the Rhine was usually known as the Elector Palatine (Kurfürst von der Pfalz). The position as prince-elector had already existed earlier (for example, two rival kings of Germany were elected in...
Only after the great restorations of 1815, the (Rhenish or Lower) Palatinate, albeit without any prince-electoral role any longer, was restored as one of then eight Bavarian Districts (= provinces). After WW II the American Military Government for Germany took it away from Bavaria and put it together with neighbouring territories to form a new state called Rhenania-Palatinate (German: Rheinland-Pfalz) with Mainz as the state capital. The people - as far as the Palatinian share amongst them wa...
1. ↑ Kohnle, Armin (2005). \\"Mittelalterliche Grundlagen; Pfalzgraftenamt, Territorialentwicklung und Kurwürde\\" (in German). Kleine Geschichte der Kurpfalz. Regionalgeschichte-fundiert und kompakt (First Edition ed.). Karlsruhe: G. Braun Buchverlag. pp. 17. ISBN 3-7650-8329-1.
- Coat of Arms
- See Also
- External Links
The office of a Count palatine at the Frankish court of King Childebert I was already mentioned about 535. Up to the 10th century, the rule of the Merovingian and Carolingian dynasties was centered at the royal palace (Pfalz) in Aachen, in what was to become the Frankish kingdom of Lotharingia.
In 1156 Conrad of Hohenstaufen, brother of emperor Frederick Barbarossa became count palatine. The old coat of arms of the House of Hohenstaufen, the single lion, became coat of arms of the palatinate. By marriage, the Palatinate's arms also became quartered with those of Welf and later Wittelsbach. The arms of Bavaria were also used with reference to the elector's holdings in Bavaria. This was extended to quartering of the lion and the Bavarian Arms upon the ascension of Maximilian I to the...
1. List of rulers of the Electoral Palatinate 2. Palatine Lion 3. List of coats of arms with the Palatine Lion
1. (German) Heidelberg and the Palatine; elaborate information on history and architecture, illustrated with many pictures. 2. (German) Virtual Library of the History of the Electoral Palatinate 3. Charles D. Gunnoe, (2004) \\"Palatinate\\" in Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern WorldCoordinates: 49°30′00″N 8°01′00″E / 49.5, 8.01667
Frederick V, Friedrich V., 26 August 1596 – 29 November 1632, was the Elector Palatine of the Rhine in the Holy Roman Empire from 1610 to 1623, and served as King of Bohemia from 1619 to 1620, / Friedrich V., 26. August 1596 - 29.
- County Palatine of Lotharingia
- Early History
- Thirty Years' War
- Later History
- After The Empire
The Palatinate emerged from the County Palatine of Lotharingia, which came into existence in the 10th century. During the 11th century, the Palatinate was dominated by the Ezzonian dynasty, who governed several counties on both banks of the Rhine. These territories were centered around Cologne-Bonn, but extended south to the Mosel and Nahe Rivers. The southernmost point was near Alzey.
From about 1085/1086, after the death of the last Ezzonian palatine count, Herman II of Lotharingia, the Palatinate lost its military importance in Lotharingia. The territorial authority of the count palatine was reduced to his counties along the Rhine, from then-on called County Palatine of the Rhine.The first hereditary Count Palatine of the Rhine was Conrad of Hohenstaufen who was the younger brother of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. The territories attached to this hereditary office starte...
In the Golden Bull of 1356, the Palatinate was recognized as one of the secular electorates, and given the hereditary offices of archsteward (German: Erztruchseß, Latin: Archidapifer) of the Empire and imperial vicar (Reichsverweser) of Franconia, Swabia, the Rhine, and southern Germany. From that time forth, the Count Palatine of the Rhine was usually known as the Elector Palatine (German: Kurfürst von der Pfalz, Latin: Palatinus elector).Due to the practice of dividing territories among dif...
Main article: Thirty Years' WarMain article: Palatinate campaignIn 1619, Frederick V accepted the throne of Bohemia from the Bohemian estates. He was soon defeated by the forces of Emperor Ferdinand II at the Battle of White Mountain in 1620, and Spanish and Bavarian troops soon occupied the Palatinate itself. Called \\"the Winter King\\", because his reign in Bohemia only lasted one winter. In 1623, Frederick was put under the ban of the Empire. Frederick V's territories and his position as Elec...
In 1685, the Simmern line died out, and the Palatinate was inherited by Philip William, Count Palatine of Neuburg (also Duke of Jülich and Berg), a Catholic.The capital of the Palatinate moved from Heidelberg to Mannheim in 1720.In 1742, the Palatinate was inherited by Duke Charles Theodore of Sulzbach. Charles Theodore also inherited the Electorate of Bavaria when its ruling line became extinct in 1777. The title and authority of Elector Palatine were subsumed into the Electorate of Bavaria,...
In 1806, Baden was raised to a grand duchy and parts of the former Palatinate including Mannheim became part of the new grand duchy. At the Congress of Vienna in 1814 and 1815, the left-bank Palatinate—enlarged by other regions such as the former Bishopric of Speyer—was returned to the Wittelsbachs and became a formal part of the Kingdom of Bavaria in 1816 and after this time, it was this region that was principally known as the Palatinate. The area remained a part of Bavaria until after the...
The protestant Elector Palatine Frederick V (1596-1632), called the "Winter King" of Bohemia, played a unique role in the struggle between Roman Catholic and Protestant Europe. His election in 1619 as King of Bohemia precipitated the Thirty Years War that lasted from 1619 until 1648.
The German Palatines were early 18th-century emigrants from the Middle Rhine region of the Holy Roman Empire, including a minority from the Palatinate, by which the entire group was known. They immigrated to England as refugees and were both Protestant and Catholic farmers.