Karl Theodor (Charles Theodore), Elector Palatine of the Rhine, 1742-1799, and Elector of Bavaria, 1777-1799 (Karl IV Theodor, Kurfürst von der Pfalz, Karl II Theodor, Kurfürst von Bayern): born 12 December 1724, the son of Johann Christian von der Pfalz-Sulzbach.
The title and authority of Elector Palatine were subsumed into the Electorate of Bavaria, Charles Theodore and his heirs retaining only the single vote and precedence of the Bavarian elector. They continued to use the title "Count Palatine of the Rhine" (German: Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Latin: Comes Palatinus Rheni).
Apr 15, 2017 · Son of Elector Palatine Ludwig "der Bärtige" Wittelsbach, III, Kurfürst von der Pfalz and Matilda of Savoy Husband of Marguerite d'Anjou, Duchess of Anjou, Countess Palatine of the Rhine, of Württember Father of Philip the Upright, Elector Palatine and Mathilde von der Pfalz, Prinzessin Brother of Mechthild von der Pfalz, Gräfin zu ...
The Elector of Saxony was vicar in areas operating under Saxon law (Saxony, Westphalia, Hanover, and northern Germany), while the Elector Palatine was vicar in the remainder of the Empire (Franconia, Swabia, the Rhine, and southern Germany). The Elector of Bavaria replaced the Elector Palatine in 1623, but when the latter was granted a new ...
Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine (left), and Rupert (right), in a 1637 portrait by Anthony van Dyck. Rupert was born in Prague in 1619, at the start of the Thirty Years' War, to Frederick V, Elector Palatine, and Elizabeth Stuart, and was declared a prince by the principality of Lusatia.
The title and authority of Elector Palatine were subsumed into the Electorate of Bavaria, Charles Theodore and his heirs retaining only the single vote and precedence of the Bavarian elector. They continued to use the title "Count Palatine of the Rhine" ( German : Pfalzgraf bei Rhein , Latin : Comes Palatinus Rheni ).
Maximilian Joseph. On 1 April 1795 he succeeded his brother, Charles II, as duke of Zweibrücken, however, his duchy was entirely occupied by the French.On 16 February 1799 Maximilian Joseph became Elector of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine, the Arch-Steward of the Empire, and Duke of Berg on the extinction of the Palatinate-Sulzbach line with the death of the elector Charles Theodore.
Heraldic augmentation for the Count Palatine of the Rhine, a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire: Quarterly 1 and 4 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules, 2 and 3 fusilly bendwise azure and argent, overall gules, an orb or encircled of the same.
The Palatinate of the 1600s included the side lines of Pfalz-Zweibruecken, Pfalz-Simmern, and Pfaiz-Brikenfeld. In 1608 the Elector Palatine was a leader of the Protestant Union. In 1619/1620 the Elector Palatine, Frederick V, lost in the struggle over the throne of Bohemia (Battle of the White Mountain, 8 November 1620).
The protestant Elector Palatine Frederick V (1596-1632), called the "Winter King" of Bohemia, played a unique role in the struggle between Roman Catholic and Protestant Europe. His election in 1619 as King of Bohemia precipitated the Thirty Years War that lasted from 1619 until 1648.