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  1. Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Stuart,_Queen_of...

    Elizabeth Stuart (19 August 1596 – 13 February 1662) was Electress of the Palatinate and briefly Queen of Bohemia as the wife of Frederick V of the Palatinate.Because her husband's reign in Bohemia lasted for just one winter, Elizabeth is often referred to as the "Winter Queen".

  2. Heidelberg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heidelberg

    19 hours ago · In 1386, Heidelberg University was founded by Rupert I, Elector Palatine. Modern history [ edit ] Heidelberg University played a leading part in the era of humanism and the Reformation, and the conflict between Lutheranism and Calvinism, in the 15th and 16th centuries.

  3. Kurpfalz (region) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurpfalz_(region)

    19 hours ago · The name "Kurpfalz" emerged only after the Golden Bull of 1356, in which the functions of the prince-elector were defined for the Palatinate county by the Rhine. Dialect [ edit ] The Kurpfälzer are usually considered to be speakers of a dialect rather than an ethnic group.

  4. German nobility - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_nobility

    19 hours ago · The titles of elector, grand duke, archduke, duke, landgrave, margrave, count palatine, prince and Reichsgraf were borne by rulers who belonged to Germany's Hochadel. Other counts, as well as barons ( Freiherren ) , lords ( Herren ), knights ( Ritter ) [14] were borne by noble, non-reigning families.

  5. Electorate of Hanover - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electorate_of_Hanover

    1 day ago · Sketch map of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg including the Hanover electorate (blue) and the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (green), c. 1720: Elector George I Louis acquired Saxe-Lauenburg and Bremen-Verden, his successor George II Augustus gained Land Hadeln (1731, in the map the bulk of the beige tip at the Elbe estuary) and George III acquired the Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück ...