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  1. Frederick II of Brandenburg (German: Friedrich II.) (19 November 1413 – 10 February 1471), nicknamed "the Iron" (der Eiserne) and sometimes "Irontooth" (Eisenzahn), was a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1440 until his abdication in 1470, and was a member of the House of Hohenzollern.

    Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg - Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_II,_Elector_of_Brandenburg
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  3. Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_William,_Elector...

    Frederick William was Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, thus ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia, from 1640 until his death in 1688. A member of the House of Hohenzollern, he is popularly known as "the Great Elector" because of his military and political achievements. Frederick William was a staunch pillar of the Calvinist faith, associated with the rising commercial class. He saw the importance of trade and promoted it vigorously. His shrewd domestic reforms gave Prussia a strong position in

  4. Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_I,_Elector_of...

    Frederick (Middle High German: Friderich, Standard German: Friedrich; 21 September 1371 – 20 September 1440) was the last Burgrave of Nuremberg from 1397 to 1427 (as Frederick VI), Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach from 1398, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach from 1420, and Elector of Brandenburg (as Frederick I) from 1415 until his death.

  5. Frederick William | elector of Brandenburg | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/Frederick-William...

    Frederick William, byname The Great Elector, German Der Grosse Kurfürst, (born Feb. 16, 1620, Cölln, near Berlin—died May 9, 1688, Potsdam, near Berlin), elector of Brandenburg (1640–88), who restored the Hohenzollern dominions after the devastations of the Thirty Years’ War—centralizing the political administration, reorganizing the state finances, rebuilding towns and cities, developing a strong army, and acquiring clear sovereignty over ducal Prussia.

  6. List of rulers of Brandenburg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rulers_of_Brandenburg
    • Overview
    • Family tree
    • Upper Presidents of Brandenburg
    • Land Directors of Brandenburg

    This article lists the Margraves and Electors of Brandenburg during the period of time that Brandenburg was a constituent state of the Holy Roman Empire. The Mark, or March, of Brandenburg was one of the primary constituent states of the Holy Roman Empire. It was created in 1157 as the Margraviate of Brandenburg by Albert the Bear, Margrave of the Northern March. In 1356, by the terms of the Golden Bull of Charles IV, the Margrave of Brandenburg was given the permanent right to participate in th

    The colours denote the Margraves and Electors of various partitions of Brandenburg

    In 1815 Brandenburg was constituted as the Prussian Province of Brandenburg without a sovereign ruler, but with Upper Presidents appointed by the central Prussian government. The upper president carried out central prerogatives on the provincial level and supervised the implementation of central policy on the lower levels of administration. 1. 1815–1824: Georg Friedrich Christian von Heydebreck 2. 1825–1840: Friedrich Magnus von Bassewitz 3. 1840–1842: vacancy 4. 1842–1848: August ...

    Since 1875, with the strengthening of self-rule within the provinces, the urban and rural counties elected representatives for the provincial diets. These parliaments legislated within the competences transferred to the provinces. The provincial diet of Brandenburg elected a provincial executive body, the provincial committee, and a head of province, the land director. Self-rule was abolished under the Nazi dictatorship. 1. 1876–1896: Albert Erdmann Karl Gerhard von Levetzow, German ...

  7. Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_II,_Elector_of...
    • Overview
    • Biography
    • Family and children

    Frederick II of Brandenburg, nicknamed "the Iron" and sometimes "Irontooth", was a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1440 until his abdication in 1470, and was a member of the House of Hohenzollern. Frederick II in a 16th or 17th-century depiction Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg Statue by Alexander Calandrelli, 1898, former Siegesallee, Berlin

    Frederick II was born at Tangermünde Castle, when Tangermünde was within the Margraviate of Brandenburg, to Frederick I, Brandenburg's first Hohenzollern ruler, and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Frederick, Duke of Bavaria-Landshut, and Maddalena Visconti. The latter was a daughter of Bernabò Visconti and Beatrice della Scala. As the second son, his brothers included John the Alchemist and Albert Achilles, both of whom also ruled Brandenburg as margraves.

    On 11 June 1441, Frederick II married Catherine of Saxony, a daughter of Elector Frederick I of Saxony and Katharina of Brunswick-Lüneburg. They had three children: 1. Dorothea of Brandenburg, married Duke John V of Saxe-Lauenburg on 12 February 1464. 2. Margaret of Brandenburg, married Bogislaw X, Duke of Pomerania. 3. Johan of Brandenburg 4. Erasmus von Brandenburg.

  8. John George, Elector of Brandenburg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_George,_Elector_of...

    John George of Brandenburg (German: Johann Georg) (11 September 1525 – 8 January 1598) was a Prince-elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1571–1598) and a Duke of Prussia.

  9. George William | elector of Brandenburg | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/George-William

    George William, German Georg Wilhelm, (born Nov. 13, 1595, Kölln an der Spree, Brandenburg [now in Berlin, Ger.]—died Dec. 1, 1640, Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia]), elector of Brandenburg (from 1619) through much of the Thirty Years’ War.

  10. Frederick I | elector of Brandenburg | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/Frederick-I-elector...

    Frederick I, (born between August and November 1371, Nürnberg [Germany]—died Sept. 20, 1440, Cadolzburg, near Nürnberg), elector of Brandenburg from 1417, founder of the Brandenburg line of Hohenzollern. He was the second son of Frederick V, burgrave of Nürnberg.

  11. John Sigismund | elector of Brandenburg | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/John-Sigismund

    John Sigismund, German Johann Sigismund, (born Nov. 8, 1572—died Jan. 2, 1620), elector of Brandenburg from 1608, who united his domain with that of Prussia. His marriage in 1594 to Anna, the daughter of Albert Frederick of Prussia, made him heir to the title of that duchy, and he became duke of Prussia in 1618. Through his mother-in-law he acquired rights over the Rhenish territories of Jülich, Cleves, and Berg; but his claims were challenged by the Spanish candidate, Wolfgang William of ...

  12. Margraviate of Brandenburg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electorate_of_Brandenburg

    Frederick was officially recognized as Margrave and Prince-elector Frederick I of Brandenburg at the Council of Constance in 1415. Frederick's formal investiture with the Kurmark, or electoral march, and his appointment as Archchamberlain of the Holy Roman Empire occurred on 18 April 1417, also during the Council of Constance.