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    Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) [a] was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death in 1603. Sometimes referred to as the Virgin Queen, Elizabeth was the last of the five monarchs of the House of Tudor. [1]

    • 17 November 1558 –, 24 March 1603
    • Anne Boleyn
  2. Elizabeth I, bynames the Virgin Queen and Good Queen Bess, (born September 7, 1533, Greenwich, near London, England—died March 24, 1603, Richmond, Surrey), queen of England (1558–1603) during a period, often called the Elizabethan Age, when England asserted itself vigorously as a major European power in politics, commerce, and the arts.

  3. Elizabeth I (r.1558-1603) Her early life was full of uncertainties, and her chances of succeeding to the throne seemed very slight once her half-brother Edward was born in 1537. She was then third in line behind her Roman Catholic half-sister, Princess Mary.

  4. Feb 07, 2020 · Elizabeth I was a long-ruling queen of England, governing with relative stability and prosperity for 44 years. The Elizabethan era is named for her. Who Was Queen Elizabeth I? Queen Elizabeth...

    • 2 min
    • Early Life
    • Succession
    • Government
    • Religious Tolerance
    • Mary, Queen of Scots
    • The Spanish Armada
    • Elizabethan Culture
    • Death & Successor

    Elizabeth was born 7 September 1533 CE at Greenwich Palace, the daughter of Henry VIII of England (r. 1509-1547 CE) and Anne Boleyn (c. 1501-1536 CE). The princess was named after her grandmother, Elizabeth of York (b. 1466 CE), wife of Henry VII of England (r. 1485-1509 CE). When her father fell out with Anne (and had her imprisoned and then execu...

    When Mary died of stomach cancer in November 1558 CE and left no heir, then her half-sister Elizabeth became queen. Elizabeth, who was just 25, was crowned in one of the most magnificent ceremonies ever held at Westminster Abbey on 15 January 1559 CE. Henry VIII's three children had all inherited the throne in sequence, just as he had wished it in ...

    To advise her in government, Elizabeth chose William Cecil, Lord Burghley (l. 1520-1598 CE) to act as her personal secretary. Sir Francis Walsingham (c. 1530-1590 CE) was another who held the prime post of Secretary of State and whose invaluable network of spies spread across Europe. Robert Dudley (l. c. 1532-1588 CE), who would become the Earl of ...

    Elizabeth returned the Church of England to its reformed state as it had been under Edward VI. She reinstated the Act of Supremacy (April 1559 CE) which put the English monarch at the head of the Church (as opposed to the Pope). Thomas Cranmer's Protestant Book of Common Prayer was reinstated (the 1552 CE version). Hard-line Protestants and Catholi...

    In 1568 CE, Mary was imprisoned when she arrived in England. Even in confinement, she was a danger to Elizabeth who dithered over what exactly to do with her cousin. The following year there was a rebellion in the north of England stirred up by the earls of Northumberland and Westmorland, both staunch Catholics. Elizabeth responded emphatically by ...

    When Mary, Queen of Scots was executed on 8 February 1587 CE, Philip of Spain had one more reason to attack England. Philip was angry at rebellions in the Netherlands which disrupted trade and Elizabeth's sending of troops to support the Protestants there in 1585 CE. Other bones of contention were England's rejection of Catholicism and the Pope, an...

    The arts, as so often when peace is established, positively boomed in the Elizabethan age. In 1576 CE London received its first playhouse, founded by James Burbage and simply known as The Theatre. Around 1593 CE William Shakespeare wrote his play Romeo and Juliet. The great bard's historical plays such as Richard III were aimed at massaging the Tud...

    It is true that the reality of the final years of Elizabeth's reign was rather less romantic than her legendary image. A run of poor harvests, inflation, and high taxes, needed to pay to fight Spain, and an increase in unemployment and petty crimes, all took their toll on a population which had increased from 3 million at the start of Elizabeth's r...

    • Mark Cartwright
    • Publishing Director
  5. Queen Elizabeth I was the daughter of King Henry VIII by Anne Boleyn and was born at Greenwich on 7th September 1533. She succeeded her half-sister Mary I in 1558.

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