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Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms. Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth ). Her father ascended the throne on the abdication of his brother King Edward ...
Margaret Seaman, a 92-year-old great-great-grandmother, spent up to 15 hours a day for two years creating the wooly version of the monarch’s country home in Norfolk, England. As part of the ...
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Elizabeth II, queen of the United Kingdom from February 6, 1952, the longest-reigning monarch in British history. She is known to favor simplicity in court life and is also known to take a serious and informed interest in government business, aside from traditional and ceremonial roles.
- Who Is Queen Elizabeth II?
- Early Life
- Ascension to The Crown
- Husband Prince Philip
- Grandchildren and Great-Grandchildren
- Family Tree
- Relationship with Prime Ministers
Queen Elizabeth II became queen on February 6, 1952, and was crowned on June 2, 1953. She is the mother of Prince Charles, heir to the throne, as well as the grandmother of Princes William and Harry. As the longest-serving monarch in British history, she has tried to make her reign more modern and sensitive to a changing public while maintaining traditions associated with the crown.
Queen Elizabeth II was born Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on April 21, 1926, in London, to Prince Albert, Duke of York (later known as King George VI), and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. At the time of her birth, most people did not realize Elizabeth would someday become the queen of Great Britain. Elizabeth, nicknamed Lilibet, got to enjoy the first decade of her life with all the privileges of being a royal without the pressures of being the heir apparent. Elizabeth’s father and mother divided their time between a home in London and Royal Lodge, the family's home on the grounds of Windsor Great Park. Elizabeth and her younger sister Margaretwere educated at home by tutors. Academic courses included French, mathematics and history, along with dancing, singing and art lessons. With the outbreak of World War IIin 1939, Elizabeth and her sister largely stayed out of London, having been relocated to Windsor Castle. From there she made the first of her famous radio broadcasts in 1940, with t...
When Elizabeth’s grandfather George V died in 1936, his eldest son (Elizabeth’s uncle) became King Edward VIII. Edward, however, was in love with American divorcée Wallis Simpson, and had to choose between the crown and his heart. In the end, Edward chose Simpson and abdicated the crown. The event changed the course of her life, making her the heir presumptive to the British crown. Her father was crowned King George VI in 1937, taking on the name George to emphasize continuity with his father. Her mother became Queen Elizabeth; on King George's death in 1952, she became Queen Mother and her daughter became Queen Elizabeth II.
Elizabeth was crowned Queen Elizabeth II on June 2, 1953, in Westminster Abbey, at the age of 27. Elizabeth had assumed the responsibilities of the ruling monarch on February 6, 1952, when her father, King George VI, died. For the first time ever, the coronation ceremony was broadcast on television, allowing people from across the globe to witness the pomp and spectacle of the event.
Elizabeth married her distant cousin Philip Mountbatten(a surname adopted from his mother's side) on November 20, 1947, at London's Westminster Abbey. Elizabeth first met Philip, son of Prince Andrew of Greece, when she was only 13. She was smitten with him from the start. The two kept in touch over the years and eventually fell in love. They made an unusual pair. Elizabeth was quiet and reserved while Philip was boisterous and outspoken. Her father, King George VI, was hesitant about the match because, while Mountbatten had ties to both the Danish and Greek royal families, he didn't possess great wealth and was considered by some to have a rough personality. At the time of their wedding, Great Britain was still recovering from the ravages of World War II, and Elizabeth collected clothing coupons to get fabric for her gown. The family took on the name Windsor, a move pushed by her mother and Prime Minister Winston Churchillwhich caused tension with her husband. In 1960, she reversed...
Elizabeth and Philip wasted no time in producing an heir: Son Charles was born in 1948, the year after their wedding, and daughter Anne arrived in 1950. Elizabeth had two more children — sons Andrew and Edward— in 1960 and 1964, respectively. In 1969, she officially made Charles her successor by granting him the title of Prince of Wales. Hundreds of millions of people tuned in to see the ceremony on television. In 1981 32-year-old Charles wed 19-year-old Diana Spencer (best known as Princess Diana), with later rumors surfacing that he was pressured into the marriage from his family. The wedding drew enormous crowds in the streets of London and millions watched the proceedings on television. Public opinion of the monarchy was especially strong at that time.
Charles and Diana gave birth to Elizabeth’s grandsons Prince William, who was created Duke of Cambridge upon his own marriage in 2011, second-in-line to the throne, in 1982, and Prince Harry in 1984. Elizabeth has emerged as a devoted grandmother to William and Harry. Prince William has said that she offered invaluable support and guidance as he and Kate Middletonplanned their 2011 wedding. On July 22, 2013, Elizabeth's grandson William and his wife Catherine, the Duchess of Cambridge, welcomed their first child, George Alexander Louis— a successor to the throne known officially as "His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge." On May 2, 2015, William and Kate welcomed their second child, Princess Charlotte Elizabeth Diana, the queen's fifth great-grandchild. On April 23, 2018, they followed with their third child, Prince Louis Arthur Charles. On May 6, 2019, Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex and his wife, Meghan Markle, gave the queen another great-grandchild with the birth of their s...
Elizabeth II’s father and mother were known as the Duke and Duchess of York. Her father, Prince Albert, Duke of York, was the second son of Queen Mary and King George V. Her mother was Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. Elizabeth has ties with most of the monarchs in Europe. Her British ancestors include Queen Victoria (ruled 1837 to 1901) and King George III(ruled 1760 to 1820).
Elizabeth's long and mainly peaceful reign has been marked by vast changes in her people's lives, in her country's power, how Britain is viewed abroad and how the monarchy is regarded and portrayed. As a constitutional monarch, Elizabeth does not weigh in on political matters, nor does she reveal her political views. However, she confers regularly with her prime ministers. When Elizabeth became queen, post-war Britain still had a substantial empire, dominions and dependencies. However, during the 1950s and 1960s, many of these possessions achieved independence and the British Empire evolved into the Commonwealth of Nations. Elizabeth II has thus made visits to other countries as head of the Commonwealth and a representative of Britain, including a groundbreaking trip to Germany in 1965. She became the first British monarch to make a state visit there in more than five decades. During the 1970s and 1980s, Elizabeth continued to travel extensively. In 1973 she attended the Commonwealt...
Elizabeth has had 14 prime ministers placed into power during her reign, with queen and PM having a weekly, confidential meeting. (Elizabeth has also met about a quarter of all the U.S. presidents in history, most recently receiving Donald Trumpfor a state visit in June 2019.) She enjoyed a father-figure relationship with the iconic Winston Churchill and was later able to loosen up a bit and be somewhat informal with Labour leaders Harold Wilson and James Callaghan. In contrast, she and Margaret Thatcherhad a very formal, distant relationship, with the PM tending to be a grating lecturer to the queen on a variety of issues. Tony Blairsaw certain concepts around the monarchy as somewhat outdated, though he did appreciate Elizabeth making a public statement after the death of Diana. Later, Conservative leader David Cameron, who is Elizabeth's fifth cousin removed, enjoyed a warm rapport with the queen. He apologized in 2014 for revealing in a conversation that she was against the Scot...
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Oct 01, 2020 · Video: Prince Phillip, husband of Queen Elizabeth II, dies at 99 (FOX News) "Buckingham Palace later released an unusually personal statement from the Queen saying that the family were entirely ...
The coronation of Elizabeth II took place on 2 June 1953 at Westminster Abbey in London. Elizabeth II acceded to the throne at the age of 25 upon the death of her father, George VI, on 6 February 1952, being proclaimed queen by her privy and executive councils shortly afterwards.
- Queen Victoria. When she was born on May 24, 1819, few people thought Alexandrina Victoria would one day be queen. Her father, Prince Edward, was the fourth in line to succeed his father, the reigning King George III.
- Victoria's Family. Conventions of the time were that the queen must have a king and consort, and her maternal uncle had been trying to match her with Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Aug.
- Queen Elizabeth II. Elizabeth Alexandra Mary of the House of Windsor was born on April 21, 1926 to the Duke and Duchess of York. Elizabeth, known as "Lilibet" as a child, had one younger sister, Margaret (Aug.
- Elizabeth's Family. Elizabeth and her future husband, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark (June 10, 1921) met a few times as children. They were married on Nov.
Feb 28, 2021 · The Queen has been sitting on the royal throne since 1952. That's the longest reign of any monarch in British history. Operation London Bridge is the code name given to the plan in place for the days and weeks after Queen Elizabeth II's passing.
- Business Insider Video
May 23, 2021 · Queen Elizabeth II ‘upset' by Prince Harry's comments about the royal family in recent interviews: report Queen Elizabeth's comments comes after Prince Harry's reveal on the new Apple TV+ series ...
Feb 28, 2021 · Operation London Bridge is the code name given to the plan in place for the days and weeks after Queen Elizabeth II's passing. Queen Elizabeth's funeral will be one of the biggest funerals of the ...
- Andy Ash