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  1. Elizabeth II - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_II

    Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.. Elizabeth was born in Mayfair, London, as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York (later King George VI and Queen Elizabeth).

  2. Elizabeth II | Biography, Family, Reign, & Facts | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/Elizabeth-II

    Elizabeth II, in full Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, officially Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of her other realms and territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith, (born April 21, 1926, London, England), queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and ...

  3. Queen Elizabeth II - HISTORY

    www.history.com/.../british-history/queen-elizabeth
    • Education of A Princess
    • Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth
    • Queen Elizabeth's Coronation
    • Royal Scandals
    • Queen Elizabeth's Net Worth
    • A Modern Monarchy
    • Sources

    When Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, the elder daughter of Prince Albert, Duke of York, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, was born on April 21, 1926, she apparently had little chance of assuming the throne, as her father was a younger son of King George V. But in late 1936, her uncle, King Edward VIII, abdicated to marry an American divorcée, Wallis Simpson. As a result, her father became King George VI, and 10-year-old “Lilibet” (as she was known within the family) became the heir presumptive to the throne. Though she spent much of her childhood with nannies, Princess Elizabeth was influenced greatly by her mother, who instilled in her a devout Christian faith as well as a keen understanding of the demands of royal life. Her grandmother, Queen Mary, consort of King George V, also instructed Elizabeth and her younger sister Margaret in the finer points of royal etiquette. Educated by private tutors, with an emphasis on British history and law, the princess also studied music and le...

    Elizabeth and Margaret spent much of World War IIliving apart from their parents in the Royal Lodge at Windsor Castle, a medieval fortress outside London. In 1942, the king made Elizabeth an honorary colonel in the 500 Grenadier Guards, a Royal Army regiment. Two years later, he named her as a member of the Privy Council and the Council of State, enabling her to act on his behalf when he was out of the country. In 1947, soon after the royal family returned from an official visit to South Africa and Rhodesia, they announced Elizabeth’s engagement to Prince Philip of Greece, her third cousin (both were great-great-grandchildren of Queen Victoriaand Prince Albert) and a lieutenant in the Royal Navy. She had set her sights on him when she was only 13, and their relationship developed through visits and correspondence during the war. Though many in the royal circle viewed Philip as an unwise match due to his lack of money and foreign (German) blood, Elizabeth was determined and very much...

    With her father’s health declining in 1951, Elizabeth stepped in for him at various state functions. After spending that Christmaswith the royal family, Elizabeth and Philip left on a tour of Australia and New Zealand, making a stopover in Kenya en route. They were in Kenya on February 6, 1952, when King George VI succumbed to lung cancer at the age of 56, and his 25-year-old daughter became the sixth woman in history to ascend to the British throne. Her formal coronation as Queen Elizabeth II took place on June 2, 1953, in Westminster Abbey. In the first decade of her reign, Elizabeth settled into her role as queen, developing a close bond with Prime Minister Winston Churchill (the first of 13 prime ministers she would work with during her reign), weathering a foreign affairs disaster in the Suez Crisisof 1956 and making numerous state trips abroad. In response to pointed criticism in the press, the queen embraced steps to modernize her own image and that of the monarchy, including...

    In 1981, all eyes were on the royal family once again as Prince Charles wed Lady Diana Spencer at St. Paul’s Cathedral in London. Though the couple soon welcomed two sons, William and Harry, their marriage quickly imploded, causing considerable public embarrassment for the queen and the entire royal family. In 1992, Elizabeth’s 40th year on the throne and her family’s “Annus Horribilis” (according to a speech she gave that November) both Charles and Diana and Prince Andrew and his wife, Sarah Ferguson, separated, while Princess Anne and her husband, Mark Phillips, divorced.

    A fire also broke out at Windsor Castle that same year, and amid public outcry over the use of government funds to restore the royal residence, Queen Elizabeth agreed to pay taxes on her private income. This was not required by British law, though some earlier monarchs had done so as well. At the time, her personal fortune was estimated at $11.7 billion. In another modernizing measure, she also agreed to open the state rooms at Buckingham Palaceto the public for an admission fee when she was not in residence. After Charles and Diana divorced in 1996, Diana remained incredibly popular with the British (and international) public. Her tragic death the following year triggered a tremendous outpouring of shock and grief, as well as outrage at the royal family for what the public saw as its ill treatment of the “People’s Princess.” Though Queen Elizabeth initially kept the family (including Princes William and Harry) out of the public eye at Balmoral, the unprecedented public response to...

    The queen’s popularity, and that of the entire royal family, rebounded during the first decade of the 21st century. Though 2002 marked Queen Elizabeth’s Golden Jubilee—50 years on the throne—the death of her mother (the beloved Queen Mum) and sister early that year cast a pall on the celebrations. In 2005, the queen enjoyed public support when she gave her assent to Prince Charles’ once-unthinkable marriage to his longtime love Camilla Parker Bowles. In her seventh decade on the throne, Queen Elizabeth presided over the pomp and circumstance of another royal wedding at Westminster Abbey, that of Prince William to Catherine Middletonin April 2011. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, who will likely become Britain’s next king and queen, continued the line of succession with their children, Prince George (born 2013), Princess Charlotte (born 2015) and Prince Louis (born 2018). A consistent presence by his wife’s side and one of Britain’s busiest royals for much of her reign, Prince Phil...

    Her Majesty the Queen, The Royal Household website. Sally Bedell Smith, Elizabeth the Queen (Penguin Random House, 2012). Queen Elizabeth II – Fast Facts, CNN. “Will Queen Elizabeth Give Prince Charles the Throne in 2018?” Newsweek.

  4. Queen Elizabeth II - Age, Husband & Children - Biography

    www.biography.com/royalty/queen-elizabeth-ii

    Nov 12, 2020 · Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain is the longest-reigning monarch in British history. She celebrated 65 years on the throne in February 2017 with her Sapphire Jubilee.

    • 4 min
  5. Fascinating Facts About Queen Elizabeth II | Reader's Digest

    www.rd.com/list/facts-about-queen-elizabeth-ii

    Apr 17, 2020 · Queen Elizabeth II is a fan of eating Special K cereal and leftovers, and her waste-not mindset means she’d rather fix and reuse items like sheets and gloves than toss them in the trash. She’s ...

  6. How Queen Elizabeth II Protected Husband from Meghan Markle ...

    www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/how-queen-elizabeth...

    Queen Elizabeth II asked a friend for help to stop Meghan Markle and Prince Harry's showdown talks from getting to her husband, a new book claims.

    • 3 min
    • Jack Royston
  7. 42 Royal Facts About Queen Elizabeth II - Factinate

    www.factinate.com/people/42-royal-facts-queen...
    • Better Than One. It’s every third-grader’s dream, but only the Queen has the pleasure of having two birthdays. Like many past British monarchs, the Queen has a “real” birthday in April, and then celebrates an official birthday in June.
    • Her Royal Holiness. King Henry VIII split from the Catholic church in the 16th century and founded his own, appointing himself head of the Church of England.
    • Prolific Correspondence. In her 65-year reign, Queen Elizabeth II has answered more than 3.5 million pieces of correspondence. She sends telegrams to Commonwealth residents on their 100th birthdays (she’s sent more than 175,000 of these) plus telegrams to couples celebrating a diamond wedding anniversary (another 540,000 telegrams).
    • Christmas Gifts. Every year, the Queen sends out a Royal Christmas Message to her subjects, wishing them well and discussing the year’s events. The Christmas Message was first broadcast over the radio but is now seen on television and the internet.
  8. Queen Elizabeth II and Margaret Thatcher's Complicated ...

    www.biography.com/news/queen-elizabeth-ii...

    Nov 19, 2020 · Thatcher and Elizabeth were born six months apart. While Thatcher was born into a modest family who lived in an apartment above the grocery store they ran and Queen Elizabeth II was, of course ...

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