Elizabeth of Bohemia (Czech: Eliška Přemyslovna) (20 January 1292 – 28 September 1330) was a princess of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty who became queen consort of Bohemia as the first wife of King John the Blind. She was the mother of Emperor Charles IV, King of Bohemia.
- 20 January 1292
- 7 February 1311
- 28 September 1330 (aged 38), Bohemia
- The Fight For The Throne
- Marriage to John of Luxembourg
- Later Years
She was the daughter of Wenceslaus II of Bohemia and Judith of Habsburg. Her mother died when Elizabeth was five years old, and of her ten children only four of them lived to adulthood: Wenceslaus, Anne, Elizabeth and Margaret. Elizabeth and her siblings also had a half-sister called Agnes. Six years after the death of her mother, her father remarried, to a Polish princess called Elizabeth Richeza, from the Piast dynasty. Elizabeth's father then gained the Crown of Poland. Many notable events occurred during Elizabeth's youth, including a devastating fire at Prague Castle in 1303, the death of her father, and the assassination of her brother Wenceslaus. Elizabeth was orphaned by the age of thirteen and lived with her sister, Anne. Her other sister, Margaret was married at the age of seven to Bolesław III the Generous, after he had come to the court of Bohemia with his mother, Elisabeth of Greater Poland. Elizabeth went to li...
In 1306, after the murder of Elizabeth's brother Wenceslaus, Elizabeth's brother-in-law Henry became King of Bohemia. Elizabeth was now the only unmarried princess in the family, and at fourteen she was considered a good age to marry, and as a result played an important role in the power struggle for the Kingdom of Bohemia. The quarrels of the Bohemian throne between Henry of Bohemia and Rudolph of Habsburg resulted in Rudolph taking Bohemia and marrying Queen Elizabeth Richeza. Elizabeth went to live in Prague Castle with her brother's widow, Viola Elisabeth of Cieszyn. However, on Rudolph's death in 1307 the crown returned to her brother-in-law and sister, who wanted Elizabeth to marry the Lord of Bergova (Otto of Löbdaburg) for political reasons. Elizabeth refused to marry Otto and so Elizabeth and Anne fell out with each other. An opposition group was formed against Henry and Anne, with Elizabeth as the figurehead.
Elizabeth married the son of Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor, John of Luxembourg. She knew Anna and Henry's weaknesses and this marriage was one of them. The wedding took place on 1 September 1310, after John was forced to invade Bohemia. Henry and Anne fled to Carinthia where Anne died in 1313. The coronationof John and Elizabeth took place on 7 February 1311. The marriage was initially a disaster, as Elizabeth needed to give birth to a son to prevent the inheritance of the descendants of her sisters, Margaret and Agnes, but did not have a son until six years into the marriage, when she gave birth to Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. The marriage improved for a while as the succession was safely secured, but after a while, Elizabeth grew jealous of John, who had listened to her but whose political opinions differed to hers. In 1319 an alleged plot was uncovered, to depose John and replace him with their eldest son Charles. John had...
In total isolation and abandoned by all, Elizabeth left Bohemia and went to live in exile in Bavaria. Her actions were considered an act of open hostility towards John and his nobles. In exile Elizabeth gave birth to her last children, twin daughters Anne and Elizabeth. John did not support Elizabeth during her exile. Elizabeth returned to Bohemia in 1325, with her daughter Anne, Elizabeth having died a few months before. When she returned she was ill, but she lived for another five years. Her final years were affected by her lack of finances, which made her unable to maintain a court. She eventually died of tuberculosisin 1330, at the age of thirty-eight.
Elizabeth and John were parents to seven children 1. Margaret (8 July 1313 – 11 July 1341, Prague), married in Straubing 12 August 1328 to Henry XIV, Duke of Bavaria 2. Bonne (21 May 1315 – 11 September 1349, Maubuisson Abbey, Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône), married in Melun 6 August 1332 to King John II of France 3. Charles IV (14 May 1316 – 29 November 1378), King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor 4. Přemysl Otakar ("Otto") (22 November 1318 – 20 April 1320), Prince of Bohemia 5. John Henry (12 February 1322, Mělník – 12 November 1375), Margrave of Moravia 6. Anna (1323 – 3 September 1338), twin of Elisabeth, married 16 February 1335 to Duke Otto of Austria 7. Elizabeth (1323–1324)Agnew, Hugh LeCaine (2004). The Czechs and the Lands of the Bohemian Crown. Hoover Institution Press.Antonín, Robert (2017). The Ideal Ruler in Medieval Bohemia. Brill.Boehm, Barbara Drake; Fajt, Jiri, eds. (2005). Prague: The Crown of Bohemia, 1347-1437. Yale University Press.Herde, Peter (2000). "The Empire:From Adolf of Nassau to Lewis of Bavaria, 1292-1347". In Jones, Michael (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 6, C.1300-c.1415. Cambridge University Press.
Elisabeth Přemyslid of Bohemia was born 20 January 1292 to Wenceslaus II of Bohemia (1271-1305) and Guta von Habsburg (1271-1297) and died 28 September 1330 of unspecified causes. She married Johann von Luxemburg (1296-1346) September 1310 JL. Alfred the Great (849-899)/s, Charlemagne (747-814)/s, Rollo of Normandy (860-932)/s.
Jul 11, 2021 · Elisabeth I of Bohemia (Czech: Eliška Přemyslovna) (born 20 January 1292, died 28 September 1330) was Queen of Bohemia and mother of King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV. She was a daughter of King Venceslaus II of Bohemia and Judith of Habsburg. Her maternal grandparents were Rudolph I of Germany and Gertrude of Hohenberg.
- Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Bonne of Bohemia
- January 20, 1292
- Judith of Habsburg
- Praha, Bohemia (Czech Republic)
Elizabeth of Bohemia (Czech: Eliška Přemyslovna) (20 January 1292 – 28 September 1330) was a princess of the Bohemian Přemyslid dynasty who became queen consort of Bohemia as the first wife of King John the Blind (John of Luxembourg). She was the mother of King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV.
Eliška Queen, consort of Jan Lucemburský, King of Bohemia 1292-1330 . Overview. Works: ... Wikipedia Elizabeth of Bohemia (1292–1330) Wikidata.
Záměrem této části práce je ukázat, jakým směrem se zobrazování Elišky Přemyslovny v beletrii vyvíjí od poloviny 20. století do současnosti.The aim of this thesis is to find out image of Elizabeth of Bohemia (1292 - 1330) in chronicals and prose.
- Michaela Hráchová
Elizabeth of Bohemia (1292–1330)is the most famous person born in 1292. They were born on a Sunday. Their Zodiac sign is ♑ Capricorn. Their Chinese Zodiac sign is 兔 Rabbit.
Elizabeth Blind (born Of Bohemia), 1292 - 1330 Elizabeth Blind (born Of Bohemia) was born on month day 1292, at birth place, to Wenceslaus II Bohemia and Jutta Bohemia (born of Habsburg). Wenceslaus was born on September 27 1271, in Prague, Czech Republic. Jutta was born on March 13 1271.
Jul 11, 2020 · Elisabeth of Bohemia (probably Visegrád, Hungary, 7 October 1409 – Győr (Raab in German), Hungary, 19 December 1442) was the only daughter of Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, king of Hungary and Bohemia, by his second wife Barbara of Celje. Her father was the last male descent of the House of Luxemburg on the Imperial Throne.
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