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  1. Elsa Einstein (18 January 1876 – 20 December 1936) was the second wife and cousin of Albert Einstein.Their mothers were sisters, making them maternal first cousins, and further, their fathers were first cousins, making them paternal second cousins.

    • Ilse Lowenthal Einstein, Margot Lowenthal Einstein
    • German
    • Being the second wife and cousin of Albert Einstein
    • Hermann Einstein (father-in-law; first cousin, once removed)
    • Early Life
    • Relationship with Albert Einstein
    • Move to The United States
    • Death

    Elsa Löwenthal was born on January 18, 1876, in Ulm, Germany. She married Max Löwenthal in 1896 and together they had three children, daughters Ilse and Margot, and a son, who died as an infant. She and her husband divorced in 1908. From the 1910s until her death, Elsa Einstein was an invaluable aide and trusted companion to her famous physicist husband Albert. She and Albert were cousins and had known each other growing up.

    Elsa and Albert pair became especially close around 1912. Even though he was married to Mileva Maricat the time, Albert had a romantic correspondence with Elsa and moved to Berlin where she lived in 1914. When Albert became seriously ill in 1917, Elsa nursed him back to health. Throughout their time together, she would become known for her devotion to him. Two years later, shortly after his divorce was finalized, the couple wed on June 2, 1919. Although Albert had became a father figure to her children, it came to light that he also had an infatuation with Ilse, who had assisted him as a secretary. In his Collected Papers of Albert Einstein left to Princeton University after his death, a letter emerged describing a proposalto Ilse prior to his marriage with Elsa. As Albert became the first celebrity scientist, Elsa accompanied him during his many trips to give lectures and talks. They went to the United States together in 1921 where he was helping to raise funds for a Jewish homelan...

    After the rise of the Nazi Party in the early 1930s, it became increasingly difficult for the Einsteins in Germany. Einstein was outspoken in his opposition to the Nazis because of their anti-Semitic policies. In 1933, he was traveling with Elsa when he learned that their summer home had been searched by the government. Their property was then seized. Realizing that they could not return to Germany, the Einsteins eventually sought asylum in the United States. Elsa and Albert arrived in the United States in October 1933. He became a professor of theoretical physics at the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study in New Jersey. Barely settled in her new home, she learned that her daughter Ilse had cancer the next year. Elsa traveled to Paris to be with her in her final days. Eventually her other daughter Margot moved to the United States to be with her mother.

    Not long after Ilse's death, Elsa faced her own health challenges. She had heart and liver problems. On December 20, 1936, Elsa died in the Einsteins' Princeton home.

  2. Sep 28, 2021 · Elsa changed her name when she married her first husband, Max Lowenthal, in 1896. The two had three children before getting divorced in 1908 and Elsa regained her maiden name when she married Albert. Albert Einstein had a marriage before Elsa as well. His first wife, Mileva Maria, was a Serbian mathematician and the two were married in 1903.

    • Kara Goldfarb
    • Content
    • Biography
    • An Affair Between Cousins
    • The Mother's Or Daughter's Dilemma
    • Emigration to The Us
    • Death
    • References

    Elsa Einstein was born in Germany on January 18, 1876. Her father was Rudolf Einstein, a cousin of the scientist's father. His mother was also the sister of Albert Einstein's mother, which means that Elsa and the physicist were first cousins. In 1896 Elsa married Max Lowenthal, who was a textile producer. To honor the union with her husband and according to the customs of the time, she changed her name to Elsa Lowenthal. From this relationship three children were born: Ilse, Margot and a boy who died in infancy. Her marriage to Lowenthal ended in 1908, and the girls were raised by Elsa. At that time his cousin Albert was already married to Mileva Maric, a mathematician of Serbian origin who stopped her scientific career to marry Einstein in 1903. Before getting married, Mileva gave birth to a girl named Lieserl Einstein, about whom there is a mystery since it is speculated that she died one year after she was born or that she was given up for adoption because she was conceived out o...

    Although Albert was still married to Mileva, in 1912 he began to get close to Elsa in a special way, with whom he established an extramarital romantic relationship. Elsa lived in Berlin, a city to which Albert forced his wife and children to move in 1912. Due to the First World War, Mileva and her children left for Switzerland and Albert was left alone in Berlin. The marriage was completely affected by then. In the scientist's epistolary file, it is revealed that during this time he had a rather bitter, cold and distant correspondence with his first wife, forcing her to have strange patterns of coexistence, such as never having physical encounters and taking care of their meals and care. In 1916 Albert Einstein asked for a divorce, which was consummated in 1919 when they signed a clause in which Mileva would keep a very good portion of money if the physicist were to win the Nobel, which happened a couple of years later. On June 2, 1919 Albert and Elsa got married. She changed her la...

    Margot, Elsa's second daughter, preserved about 1,400 Einstein letters. These were exposed to the public light two decades after Margot passed away in 1986. Thanks to that correspondence, it has been known that the scientist considered whether to propose to Ilse, the first-born of his cousin Elsa, who assisted him as a private secretary. In the end he settled on his cousin. Although this aura of controversial relationship and frowned upon was always maintained, Albert was a father figure to the daughters of Elsa's first marriage. Before marrying Albert, in 1917 Elsa devoted herself entirely to the care of her cousin, who had fallen ill in a delicate situation. Already after the marriage, Elsa devoted herself completely to the life of the scientist. She made sure that everything at home was in order, accompanied him on his travels, supported his work and dealt with the issues of the life of a celebrity of science in which her husband was involved, even taking care to keep visitors aw...

    In the early 1930s, it was impossible for Einstein to stay in Germany in the face of Nazi dominance. For this reason he decided to go to the United States and settle in Princeton, where he was a teacher. Elsa went with him. As in Europe, Elsa turned to domestic life so that her husband could focus on science. There they lived the honeys of scientific fame, but not everything was rosy. Einstein's various love affairs were notorious, such as with an Austrian woman named Margarete Lebach, who nearly ended the marriage of the relatives. Elsa also discovered her husband's infidelity with her friend Ethel Michanowski, as well as several romances that, with the complicity of her private secretary, she kept away from the public light. Thanks to the scientist's epistolary archive, it has been known that he had more than half a dozen lovers.

    Once settled in Princeton, Elsa learned that her eldest daughter Ilse had cancer and went to Paris to take care of her. Ilse passed away in 1934 and Elsa returned to the United States. Later, his other daughter Margot traveled to the United States to be with her mother, but the company did not last long. Elsa fell ill with liver and heart problems, which ended her life on December 20, 1936 at her home in Princeton.

    "Relative love" (12 September 1996) in Semana. Retrieved May 27, 2019 in Semana:
    "Einstein and the women of his life" in XL Semanal. Retrieved May 27, 2019 in XL Semanal:
    "Elsa Einstein Biography" (April 2014) in Biography. Retrieved May 27, 2019 in Biography:
    Goldfarb, K. (April 11, 2018) “The Story Of Elsa Einstein’s Cruel, Incestuous Marriage To Albert” in All that’s interesting. Retrieved May 27, 2019 in All thats interesting:
    • She had a brain for business. Albert Einstein (left) and his wife Elsa (right) went to the premiere of 'City Lights' in Los Angeles in 1931 with its star Charlie Chaplin (center).
    • She and Albert were friends as kids. These kids playing on the Mediterranean in Israel are probably enjoying a nicer beach than German-born Albert and Elsa ever experienced as kids.
    • She scared people away on purpose. This is how we like to imagine Elsa dressed up to scare people. (Photo: CREATISTA/Shutterstock) Albert was inundated with attention, most of which he wanted to avoid.
    • Albert wrote her constantly. This picture from 1933 shows Albert Einstein and his second wife Elsa at a California resort. (Photo: /AFP/Getty Images) Albert traveled a lot, but he would still write Elsa all the time about some pretty personal things.
    • Genefe Navilon
    • Elsa was Einstein’s second wife. Albert Einstein and his first wife, Mileva Marić. Credit: ETH-Bibliothek Zürich, Bildarchiv. Albert Einstein was married twice.
    • She was Einstein’s first cousin. Cousins marrying each other wasn’t frowned upon at that time. Interestingly enough, Elsa and Albert were cousins on both sides.
    • She was a great cook and took care of Einstein well. Elsa and Albert Einstein. Credit: Wikimedia Commons. Personality-wise, the difference between Elsa and Mileva were day and night.
    • She deliberately scared people away from Albert Einstein. Elsa and Albert Einstein. Credit: Wikimedia Commons. It’s widely known that Elsa acted as a gatekeeper of sorts for Albert.
  3. Sep 21, 2016 · Einstein and his second wife, Elsa (via Wikimedia Commons). During his doctors’ smoking bans, when Einstein walked to the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, where he had worked since 1933, the old physicist picked up cigarette butts from the street and filled his pipe with bits of discarded tobacco.

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