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  1. Empress Matilda, who was also known as Empress Maude, claimed the English throne during the chaotic civil war called the Anarchy. The war broke out between England and Normandy (now part of France) in 1138 and plunged the country into crisis until 1153.

    Queens of England: Inside the Historic Reigns of 8 Female British...
  2. Matilda of Scotland. Empress Matilda ( c. 7 February 1102 – 10 September 1167), also known as the Empress Maude, [nb 1] was one of the claimants to the English throne during the civil war known as the Anarchy. The daughter of King Henry I of England, she moved to Germany as a child when she married the future Holy Roman Emperor Henry V.

  3. Empress Matilda (c. 7 February 1102–10 September 1167), sometimes called Empress Maud, was the second child of Henry I of England and Matilda of Scotland. Her brother, William Adelin, died in the wreck of the White Ship in 1120. [1] This made Matilda the hereditary heir to the English throne. [2] At her father's death in 1135, her cousin King ...

    • April 1141 - November 1141
    • Stephen
    • Early Life
    • Matilda Or Maud?
    • Marriage to Henry V
    • Marriage to Geoffrey of Anjou
    • Death of Henry I
    • The Anarchy"
    • Older Years
    • Death
    • Legacy
    • Sources

    Matilda was born on or about February 7, 1102, as the daughter of Henry I ("Henry Longshanks" or "Henry Beauclerc"), the Duke of Normandy and King of England. Through her father, Matilda was descended from the Norman conquerors of England, including her grandfather William I, Duke of Normandy and King of England, known as William the Conqueror. Thr...

    Maud and Matilda are variations on the same name; Matilda is the Latin form of the Saxon name Maud and was usually used in official documents, especially of Norman origin. Some writers use Empress Maud as their consistent designation for Empress Matilda. These are useful notes to distinguish this Matilda from the many other Matildas around her: 1. ...

    Matilda was betrothed to Henry V, who later became the Holy Roman Emperor, In April 1110, at the age of 8. She later married Henry V and was crowned Queen of the Romans. When Henry V died in 1125, Matilda returned to England at age 23. Matilda's younger brother William, the heir to the throne of England as her father's only surviving legitimate son...

    Henry next arranged a marriage between Matilda and Geoffrey le Bel, often called Geoffrey of Anjou. Geoffrey was 14 and Matilda was 25. He then called upon his good relations with Count Fulk V of Anjou to negotiate the betrothal of Matilda to Fulk’s son Geoffrey le Bel. They were soon married in June 1127. After a brief but tumultuous marriage, Mat...

    Matilda’s father Henry I died in December 1135. Quickly thereafter, Stephen of Blois stepped up to claim Henry's throne. Stephen was Henry's favorite nephew and had been endowed by the deceased king with both lands and riches. Despite having pledged themselves to Matilda, many of Henry's followers reneged on their pledge and followed Stephen, prefe...

    For several years between 1138 and 1141, skirmishes between Matilda and Stephen led to castles and lands being taken and lost. Each time one of the contenders seemed to gain the advantage, noblemen changed sides in the war. Finally, in 1141, Matilda captured and imprisoned Stephen. She then made preparations for her coronation in London. On her arr...

    Finally admitting defeat, Matilda returned to France to her husband and son. After Geoffrey's death, she ruled Anjou; at the same time she worked to establish her son Henry II as the heir to the English throne. After Stephen's wife and son died, Henry was able to negotiate succession to the throne with Stephen and, in 1154, Henry was crowned King o...

    Matilda died September 11, 1167, and was buried in Rouen at Fontevrault Abbey. Her tomb stated only that she had been the daughter of King Henry, wife of King Henry, and mother of King Henry.

    Matilda was an important historical figure whose battle with Stephen had a profound impact on the politics of her time. In addition, as the mother of Henry II (and the person who helped put Henry on the throne) she played an important part in the story of English succession.

    Empress Matilda, Lady of the English.”, 9 Apr. 2013.
    “Queen Matilda, Empress Maud and the Civil War with King Stephen.” Historic UK.
    • Jone Johnson Lewis
  4. Jul 19, 2021 · The Nearly Norman Queen of England. We can think of Empress Matilda as the fierce nearly Norman queen, who battled her cousin Stephen and the sexism of medieval England for 19 long years, during a period described as ‘The Anarchy’. Basing her campaign in Oxford, Matilda battled, sieged, and even made an elaborate escape during her enduring ...

  5. Empress Matilda. Empress Matilda, also known as Matilda of England, was the daughter of King Henry I of England (r. 1100–1135) and Matilda of Scotland (d. 1118), his first wife. She was the heiress and claimant to the English throne after the death of her father in 1135. Matilda lived a long and extraordinary life, which took her from England ...

    • Matilda of EnglandEmpress Maud
    • Empress Matilda
    • c. 7 February 1102
    • Heiress, Claimant to the English throne
  6. Jan 16, 2023 · Empress Matilda (c. 7 February 1102 – 10 September 1167), also known as the Empress Maude, was the claimant to the English throne during the civil war known as the Anarchy.[nb 1] The daughter of King Henry I of England, she moved to Germany as a child when she married the future Holy Roman Emperor Henry V.

  7. Matilda, Empress (1102–1167) Daughter and heir of King Henry I of England, who waged a 15-year civil war to establish her right to rule the kingdom of England and the duchy of Normandy . Name variations: Aaliz, Aethelic, or Adela; Lady of England; Empress Maud, Mathilda or Matilda of England; Matilda Augustus of England; Mold.

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