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    Enrico Fermi (Italian: [enˈriːko ˈfermi]; 29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian and later naturalized American physicist and the creator of the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1. He has been called the "architect of the nuclear age" and the "architect of the atomic bomb".

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    • Laura Capon ​(m. .mw-parser-output .tooltip-dotted{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}1928)​
  2. May 27, 2023 · Enrico Fermi, (born Sept. 29, 1901, Rome, Italy—died Nov. 28, 1954, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.), Italian-born American scientist who was one of the chief architects of the nuclear age. He developed the mathematical statistics required to clarify a large class of subatomic phenomena, explored nuclear transformations caused by neutrons, and ...

    • Lawrence Badash
  3. The Nobel Prize in Physics 1938 was awarded to Enrico Fermi "for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons"

  4. Enrico Fermi The Nobel Prize in Physics 1938 Born: 29 September 1901, Rome, Italy Died: 28 November 1954, Chicago, IL, USA Affiliation at the time of the award: Rome University, Rome, Italy

    • Who Was Enrico Fermi?
    • Early Life
    • Early Career in Physics
    • Manhattan Project and Atomic Bomb
    • Final Years and Death

    Enrico Fermi's early research was in general relativity and quantum mechanics, but he soon focused on the newer field of nuclear physics. He won the Nobel Prize in 1938 for his work in radioactivity, allowing him to escape fascist Italy and settle in the United States. He then built the first nuclear reactor (Chicago Pile-1) and worked on the Manha...

    Enrico Fermi was born in Rome, Italy, on September 29, 1901, the third child of Alberto and Ida de Gattis Fermi. Ida was a remarkable woman, trained as a teacher, highly intelligent and a major influence on her children's education. Fermi's intense interest in physics was said to be the result of a family tragedy. When Enrico was 14, his beloved ol...

    Soon, Fermi's physics career and personal life flourished. In 1928, he married Laura Capon, the daughter of a respected Jewish family in Rome. They had one son, Giulio, and a daughter named Nella. Professionally, Fermi was elected professor of theoretical physics at the University of Rome. In 1934, Fermi began his most important work with the atom,...

    Situated safely in the United States, in 1939, Fermi was appointed professor of physics at New York's Columbia University. While there, Fermi discovered that if uranium neutrons were emitted into fissioning uranium, they could split other uranium atoms, setting off a chain reaction that would release enormous amounts of energy. His experiments led ...

    Fermi continued his work at the Institute for Nuclear Studies at the University of Chicago, where he turned his attention to high-energy physics and led investigations into the origin of cosmic rays and theories on the fantastic energies present in cosmic ray particles. By 1954, Fermi was diagnosed with incurable stomach cancer, and spent the remai...

  5. On December 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi and his team of scientists harnessed the atom and opened the door to new scientific and technological realms. His achievement allowed the U.S. to produce the atomic bomb that helped end World War II.

  6. Mar 5, 2020 · Enrico Fermi was a physicist whose important discoveries about the atom led to the splitting of the atom ( atomic bombs) and the harnessing of its heat into an energy source (nuclear energy). Dates: September 29, 1901 - November 29, 1954 Also Known As: Architect of the Nuclear Age Enrico Fermi Discovers His Passion

  7. Chicago, Illinois Italian-born American physicist and scientist The Italian American physicist (specialist in the relationship between matter and energy) Enrico Fermi developed the first nuclear (using atomic energy) chain reaction, which helped lead to the creation of the atomic bomb. Early years

  8. May 22, 2023 · In the summer of 1950, while Italian-American physicist Enrico Fermi was discussing the possibility of alien life with fellow physicists over lunch, he ultimately posed a question that we now ...

  9. Mar 28, 2023 · On November 16, 1954, President Eisenhower and the Atomic Energy Commission honored Enrico Fermi with a special award for his lifetime of accomplishments in physics and, in particular, for his vital role in the development of atomic energy.

  10. Jan 27, 2022 · In 1938, Fermi was awarded the Nobel Prize “for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons.”.

  11. Enrico Fermi (1901-1954) was an Italian physicist and recipient of the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics. In 1942, Fermi relocated to the Chicago Met Lab, where he built an experimental reactor pile under Stagg Field at the University of Chicago. Construction was completed on December 1 and the reactor went critical the next day.

  12. get to know us Learn more about our organization; who we are, what we do, and how you can get involved. learn about Enrico Take a look back at the amazing career and life of our namesake and extraordinary scientist. breakfast history We look back at the rich history of our major fundraiser, the Annual Scholarship Breakfast.

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