Ernst Kaltenbrunner (4 October 1903 – 16 October 1946) was a high-ranking Austrian SS official during the Nazi era and a major perpetrator of the Holocaust.He was the subsequent Chief of the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA), which included the offices of Gestapo, Kripo, and SD, from January 1943 until the end of World War II in Europe.
proper from the professional point of view, for Ernst Kaltenbrunner had headed the at last uniﬁed Reich intelligence and security services. Succeeding after Reinhard Heydrich's assassination in June 1942. 1. to the chieftainship of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt, Kaltenbrunner inherited the RSHA's ascendancy over Admiral Canaris' Abwehr which Heydrich
Ernst Kaltenbrunner was born in 1903 in the Austrian city of Ried. In the 1920s he went to law school and became a lawyer, starting his own practice in Linz in 1929. During this time he also became a professional fencer. In 1932 he joined the Austrian Nazi Party and the Austrian branch of the SS.
- 6' 4½" (1.94 m)
Ernst Kaltenbrunner, (born Oct. 4, 1903, Ried im Innkreis, Austria-Hungary—died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg, Ger.), Austrian Nazi, leader of the Austrian SS and subsequently head of all police forces in Nazi Germany. Kaltenbrunner attended public schools at Linz and studied at the University of Prague.
- How Ernst Kaltenbrunner Became A Nazi
- Feared by Other Nazis
- The Nuremberg Trials
Before he became the feared Nazi commander, Ernst Kaltenbrunner was just an Austrian boy born in Ried im Innkreis, a district in the Upper region of the country, on Oct. 4, 1903. His parents were staunch Nationalists and he befriended future Nazi and so-called “Czar of the Jews,” Adolf Eichmann. When his family moved to Linz, Kaltenbrunner attended the prestigious State Realgymnasium, the most advanced education in the German secondary school system at the time. He later graduated with a law degree from college and, at 23 years old, earned his chops working as an apprentice lawyer. As a lawyer-candidate, he moved from one place to another working at different firms until 1928, when he finally settled in Linz and opened his own practice. Standing at six feet and four inches, Ernst Kaltenbrunner was an imposing figure. His face was scarred from ear to chin. The scar was allegedly sustained from a fencing duel among other students who belonged to fraternities known as “Mensur.” Scars l...
On Jan. 30, 1943, a decade after he joined the Nazi party, Ernst Kaltenbrunner was appointed Chief of the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) after his predecessor, Reinhard Heydrich, was assassinated in Prague. As chief of the RSHA, Kaltenbrunner was thereby responsible for the activities of the German security and police force. He was present at a meeting between top Nazi officials Heydrich, Himmler, Goebbels, and even the Führer himself, during which it was decided that the Jews should be systematically exterminated. Under Kaltenbrunner’s charge, the genocide of the Jews increased. Further, Kaltenbrunner had a personal vendetta against homosexuals. He tried to convince the Ministry of Justice in July 1943 to mandate the forced castration of proven homosexuals. This effort failed, but Kaltenbrunner did succeed in convincing the army to ensure the prosecution of thousands of homosexuals. Through these actions, Kaltenbrunner had garnered significant influence within the party as well...
After the Nazis lost the war, 24 of the most important political and military leaders of the Third Reich were tried before a series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces. Ernst Kaltenbrunner was among them. Kaltenbrunner held as much power in the party as Heinrich Himmler or Reinhard Heydrich, but he was not as recognizable. Kaltenbrunner had missed the opening day of the trial due to a brain hemorrhage that he suffered during interrogations. He was wheeled into court after several weeks of recovery and, according to Jewish American psychiatrist Leon N. Goldensohn, was received coolly by his war-time colleagues. Goldensohn was tasked with monitoring the mental health of the Nazi defendants during the trials and did so through candid interviews with the war criminals. When Ernst Kaltenbrunner spoke, Goldensohn notedthat his “calmness and well-mannered attitudes” were of face-value only and actually “indicative of a capacity for harsh, ruthless action, if such would have bee...
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Kaltenbrunner, Ernst, born 04-10-1903 in Riedu to the Inntal in Austria, the son of the lawyer Hugo Kaltenbrunner and his wife Therese Kaltenbrunner-Udwardy. Father and mother Kaltenbrunner were anti-church and proponents of the integration of Austria into Greater Germany.Ernst educated at the State Realgymnasium in Linz and at Graz University.
Ernst Kaltenbrunner was an Austrian-born Nazi Party leader during the World War II and a fanatic Hitler loyalist, who played a leading role in setting up the concentration camps and execution of the Jews. A lawyer by profession, he became the general in the Schutzstaffel (SS), and held the office of Chief of the Reich Main Security Office.