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  1. Ferdinand I of Austria - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Ferdinand_I_of_Austria

    Ferdinand I (German: Ferdinand I. 19 April 1793 – 29 June 1875) was the Emperor of Austria from March 1835 until his abdication in December 1848.

  2. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › Ferdinand_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

    Ferdinand I (Spanish: Fernando I) (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1556, King of Bohemia, Hungary, and Croatia from 1526, and Archduke of Austria from 1521 until his death in 1564.

  3. Ferdinand (I) | Biography, Reign, & Facts | Britannica

    www.britannica.com › biography › Ferdinand-I-emperor

    Jun 25, 2021 · Ferdinand (I), also called Ferdinand the Benign, German Ferdinand der Gütige, (born April 19, 1793, Vienna, Austria—died June 29, 1875, Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary), emperor of Austria from 1835 to 1848, when he abdicated his throne.

  4. Ferdinand I of Austria Biography - Facts, Childhood, Family ...

    www.thefamouspeople.com › profiles › ferdinand-i-of

    Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria was a sovereign of Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty who reigned from 1835 until his abdication in 1848. Because he was the monarch of Austria, he was granted titles like president of the German Confederation, king of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia (as Ferdinand V), and king of Lombardy–Venetia.

  5. Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria - Royal News

    royalnews.org › 19 › ferdinand-i-emperor-of-austria

    Feb 19, 2021 · Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria, the eldest son of the Holy Roman Emperor Franz II (later Emperor Franz I of Austria) and his second wife Maria Theresa of the Two Sicilies, who were double first cousins, was born on April 19, 1793, in Vienna, Austria.

  6. Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria | Unofficial Royalty

    www.unofficialroyalty.com › emperor-ferdinand-i-of-austria

    Apr 19, 2016 · Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria, the eldest son of the Holy Roman Emperor Franz II (later Emperor Franz I of Austria) and his second wife Maria Theresa of the Two Sicilies, who were double first cousins, was born on April 19, 1793, in Vienna, Austria.

  7. Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria | Unofficial Royalty

    www.unofficialroyalty.com › emperor-ferdinand-i-of

    Apr 19, 2016 · Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria, the eldest son of the Holy Roman Emperor Franz II (later Emperor Franz I of Austria) and his second wife Maria Theresa of the Two Sicilies, who were double first cousins, was born on April 19, 1793, in Vienna, Austria.

  8. Monarch Profile: Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria

    madmonarchist.blogspot.com › 2013 › 04

    Apr 19, 2013 · On March 2, 1835 Emperor Francis passed away and his son succeeded him as Emperor Ferdinand I of Austria, as well as, of course, King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia and King of Lombardy-Venetia among his long list of titles.

    • Madmonarchist
  9. Biography of the sadly retarded Emperor Ferdinand of Austria ...

    madmonarchs.guusbeltman.nl › madmonarchs › ferdinand

    One of Ferdinand's sisters, Marianna (1804-1858), The parents of these poor children were the Emperor Franz II of Austria (1768-1835) and his double first cousin, Marie Therese of Naples and Sicily (1772-1807). Their eldest child was Marie Louise. On April 20, 1793, Ferdinand was born. In the next fourteen years, ten more children would follow.

  10. Biography of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria

    www.thoughtco.com › archduke-franz-ferdinand-105514
    • Early Life
    • Military Career
    • Heir to The Throne
    • Marriage and Family
    • Trip to Sarajevo
    • Assassination
    • Legacy
    • Sources

    Franz Ferdinand was born Franz Ferdinand Karl Ludwig Joseph on December 18, 1863, in Graz, Austria. He was the eldest son of Archduke Carl Ludwig and the nephew of Emperor Franz Josef. He was educated by private tutors throughout his youth.

    Ferdinand was destined to join the Austro-Hungarian army and quickly rose through the ranks. He was promoted five times until he was made a major general in 1896. He had served in both Pragueand Hungary. It was no surprise when later, as heir to the throne, he was appointed to be the inspector general of the Austro-Hungarian army. It was while serving in this capacity that he would eventually be assassinated. As a leader of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Ferdinand worked to preserve the power of the Habsburg dynasty. The empire was made up of multiple ethnic groups, and for some of them, Ferdinand supported greater freedom for self-determination. He argued for better treatment of Serbia in particular, fearing that suffering among the Slavs might lead to conflict in the region. At the same time, Ferdinand opposed outright nationalist movements that might threaten to undermine the empire. On political matters, it was reported that Ferdinand frequently disagreed with Emperor Franz Joseph...

    In 1889, the son of Emperor Franz Josef, Crown Prince Rudolf, committed suicide. Franz Ferdinand's father Karl Ludwig became next in line to the throne. Upon Karl Ludwig's death in 1896, Franz Ferdinand became the heir apparent to the throne. As a result, he took on new responsibilities and was trained to eventually become the emperor.

    Ferdinand first met Countess Sophie Maria Josephine Albina Chotek von Chotkova und Wognin in 1894 and soon fell in love with her. However, she was not considered a suitable spouse since she was not a member of the House of Habsburg. It took a few years and the intervention of other heads of state before Emperor Franz Josef would agree to the marriage in 1899. Their marriage was only allowed on the condition that Sophie would agree to not allow any of her husband's titles, privileges, or inherited property to pass to either her or her children. This is known as a morganatic marriage. Together, the couple had three children: Princess Sophie of Hohenberg; Maximilian, Duke of Hohenberg; and Prince Ernst of Hohenberg. In 1909, Sophie was given the title Duchess of Hohenberg, though her royal privileges were still limited.

    In 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand was invited to Sarajevoto inspect the troops by General Oskar Potiorek, the governor of Bosnia-Herzegovina, one of the Austrian provinces. Part of the appeal of the trip was that his wife, Sophie, would be not only welcomed but also allowed to ride in the same car with him. This was otherwise not allowed due to the rules of their marriage. The couple arrived in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914.​ Unbeknownst to Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, a Serbian revolutionary group called the Black Hand had planned to assassinate the archduke on his trip to Sarajevo. At 10:10 a.m. on June 28, 1914, on the way from the train station to City Hall, a grenade was launched at them by a member of the Black Hand. However, the driver saw something racing through the air and sped up, causing the grenade to hit the car behind them, seriously wounding two occupants.

    After meeting with Potiorek at City Hall, Franz Ferdinand and Sophie decided to visit those wounded from the grenade in the hospital. However, their driver made a wrong turn and drove right past a Black Hand conspirator named Gavrilo Princip. When the driver slowly backed up out of the street, Princip pulled a gun and fired several shots into the car, hitting Sophie in the stomach and Franz Ferdinand in the neck. They both died before they could be taken to the hospital. Ferdinand was buried alongside his wife in Artstetten Castle, a royal property in Austria. The car in which they were killed is on display at the Museum of Military History in Vienna, Austria, along with Ferdinand's bloodied uniform.

    The Black Hand attacked Franz Ferdinand as a call for independence for Serbians who lived in Bosnia, part of former Yugoslavia. When Austro-Hungary retaliated against Serbia, Russia—which was then allied with Serbia—joined the war against Austria-Hungary. This started a series of conflicts that eventually led to World War I. Germany declared war on Russia, and France was then drawn in against Germany and Austro-Hungary. When Germany attacked France through Belgium, Britain was brought into the war as well. Japan entered the war on Germany's side. Later, Italy and the United States would enter on the side of the allies.

    Brook-Shepherd, Gordon. "Archduke of Sarajevo: the Romance and Tragedy of Franz Ferdinand of Austria." Little, Brown, 1984.
    Clark, Christopher M. "The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914." Harper Perennial, 2014.
    King, Greg, and Sue Woolmans. "The Assassination of the Archduke: Sarajevo 1914 and the Romance That Changed the World." St. Martin's Griffin, 2014.
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