Franz Joseph Haydn (/ ˈ h aɪ d ən /; German: [ˈfʁants ˈjoːzɛf ˈhaɪdn̩] (); 31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period.He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio.
Apr 02, 2014 · A close friend of Mozart and a teacher of Beethoven, Franz Joseph Haydn was often called the "father of the symphony." At the time of his death, he was one of the most celebrated composers in Europe.
May 27, 2021 · Joseph Haydn, in full Franz Joseph Haydn, (born March 31, 1732, Rohrau, Austria—died May 31, 1809, Vienna), Austrian composer who was one of the most important figures in the development of the Classical style in music during the 18th century. He helped establish the forms and styles for the string quartet and the symphony. Joseph Haydn.
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) Haydn was born in the town of Rohrau, Austria, into a modest family. Recognizing the boy’s considerable musical talent, Haydn’s father sent him away to live with relatives at the age of six. Haydn’s early life was difficult, but he was able to begin his musical education.
Apr 30, 2021 · Joseph Haydn (31 March or 1 April 1732–31 May 1809) was a leading composer of the Classical period, called the "Father of the Symphony " and "Father of the String Quartet ". The name "Franz" was not used in the composer's lifetime; scholars, along with an increasing number of music publishers and recording companies, now use the h… read more.DayListenersFriday 8 January 2021275Saturday 9 January 2021300Sunday 10 January 2021357Monday 11 January 2021361
- Early Life
- Musical Career
Franz Joseph Haydn was born on March 31, 1732, in Rohrau, a small village in Austria. His father Mathias Haydn was a master wheelwright who loved music and often played the harp while his wife sang melodies. Haydn's mother Anna Maria Koller had been a cook for Count Karl Anton Harrach before she married Mathias. Haydn’s brother Michael also composed music and eventually became relatively famous. His youngest brother Johann Evangelist sang tenor in the church choir of the Esterhazy Court. As a child, Haydn had a spectacular voice and precise musicality. Johann Franc, impressed by Haydn’s voice, insisted that Haydn’s parents allow the youth to live with him and study music. Franc was a school principal and the choir directorof a church in Hainburg. Haydn’s parents allowed him to go in hopes that he would amount to something special. Haydn primarily studied music, but he also learned Latin, writing, arithmetic, and religion. Haydn spent most of his childhood singing in church choirs. H...
After leaving school, Haydn earned a living as a freelance musician, music teacher, and composer. His first steady job came in 1757 when he was hired as music director for Count Morzin. Over time, his name and compositions became more recognizable. During his time with Count Morzin, Haydn wrote 15 symphonies, concertos, piano sonatas, and possibly his first two string quartets. He married Maria Anna Keller on November 26, 1760. In 1761, Haydn began his lifelong relationship with the wealthiest family among the Hungarian nobility, the Esterhazy family. Haydn spent nearly 30 years of his life in the family's employment. He was hired as vice-Kapellmeister, earning 400 gulden a year, and as time went on his salary increased as well as his ranking within the court. His music became widely popular. Though Haydn lived with the Esterhazy family at their remote estate, he occasionally visited Vienna, where he met and became friends with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The two greatly admired each o...
Beginning in 1791, Haydn spent four years in London composing music and experiencing life outside the royal court. His time in London was the high point of his career. He earned nearly 24,000 gulden in a single year (the sum of his combined salary of nearly 20 years as Kapellmeister for the Esterhazy family). In London, Haydn wrote some of his most famous works, including the "Military," "Drumroll," "London," and "Miracle" symphonies. After returning to Vienna, Haydn spent some time tutoring a young Ludwig van Beethoven (who he had originally met on his trip to London). Haydn then returned to London for a second trip and debuted several new symphonies, which were warmly received by English audiences. In 1795, Haydn returned to Vienna and resumed his work for the Esterhazy family, now under the patronage of Nicolaus II. During this time he wrote a number of masses, along with the epic oratorios "The Creation" (based on the Book of Genesis) and "The Seasons."
Haydn spent the last years of his life in Vienna composing only vocal pieces such as masses and oratorios. He passed away in the middle of the night on May 31, 1809, at the age of 77. Mozart’s Requiemwas performed at his funeral.
Along with Mozart and Beethoven, Haydn is one of the most famous composers of the Classical period. He was wildly prolific, producing more than 100 symphonies, more than 60 string quartets, more than a dozen operas, and countless other works for chamber groups and symphonies alike. Much of Haydn's work is bright and cheerful, perhaps because it was written to be pleasing to the Esterhazy court; however, some works were written in a "Sturm und Drang" style that featured great drama and emotion. His later compositions were written in a popular style that incorporated elements of folk music.Heartz, Daniel. "Mozart, Haydn and Early Beethoven, 1781-1802." W. W. Norton & Company, 2009.Jones, David Wyn. "The Life of Haydn." Cambridge University Press, 2015.Stapert, Calvin. "Playing before the Lord: the Life and Work of Joseph Haydn." William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2014.
Jul 01, 2020 · Franz Joseph Haydn (31 March 1732 – 31 May 1809), known as Joseph Haydn, was an Austrian composer, one of the most prolific and prominent composers of the Classical period. He is often called the "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet" because of his important contributions to these forms.
- Mathias Haydn, Maria Haydn
- May 31, 1809 (77)Vienna, Vienna, Austria
- March 31, 1732
(Franz) Joseph Haydn (31 March 1732–31 May 1809) was a prominent and prolific Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio and his contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets “Father of the Symphony” and “Father of the String Quartet.”
Franz Joseph Haydn. March 31, 1732 - May 31, 1809. Classical Period. Born in Austria. Franz Joseph Haydn was the most famous composer of his time. He helped develop new musical forms, like the string quartet and the symphony. In fact, even though he didn't invent it, Haydn is known as the "Father of the Symphony."