Frederick I of Celje also Frederick I of Cilli (German: Friedrich I. von Cilli, Slovene: Friderik I. Celjski; around 1300 – 21 March 1359), was a Styrian free noble (roughly equivalent to a baron) who became the first Count of Celje, founding a noble house that would dominate Slovenian and Croatian history in the first half of the 15th century.
- Ulrich of Sanneck
- title established
- Catherine of Heunburg
- around 1300 - 1359
Leopold's brother Frederick by marriage inherited the large possessions of the late Counts of Heunburg in 1322; the Celje estates itself became a property of the dynasty in 1333, not before years of feud against Count Ulrich V of Pfannberg and several other rivalling noble dynasties.
- Early life
Frederick II was a Count of Celje and Ban of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia.
Frederick was the son of Hermann II, Count of Celje and his wife Anna of Schaunberg.
Frederick II married Elizabeth of Frankopan and after her death in 1422, Veronika of Desenice. The famous Eberhard Windbeck chronicle gives a detailed report on the circumstances of Elizabeth of Frankopan's death, which in the chronicle is described as murder and placed in the year 1424.
- Rise of Celje
- Bosnian succession
- Death and aftermath
Hermann II, Count of Celje, was a Styrian nobleman and magnate, most notable as the faithful supporter and father-in-law of the Hungarian king and Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund of Luxembourg. Hermann's loyalty to the King ensured him generous grants of land and privileges that led him to become the greatest landowner in Slavonia. He served as governor of Carniola, and twice as ban of the combined provinces of Slavonia, Croatia and Dalmatia, and was recognized by a treaty in 1427 as heir presumpti
Hermann II was the younger son of Count Hermann I of Celje and his wife, Catherine of Bosnia. The House of Celje were Styrian vassals of the Habsburg dukes of Styria and Carinthia with estates along the river Savinja, in present-day Slovenia, as well as in much of Carniola and parts of Carinthia. Hermann's mother was a member of the House of Kotromanić, daughter of Ban Stephen II of Bosnia and thus cousin of the first King of Bosnia, Tvrtko I. His older brother Hans having predeceased ...
In 1396, Hermann bravely fought at the side of King Sigismund of Hungary during the battle against the Ottoman Turks in the Bulgarian town of Nicopolis. The Christian coalition was soundly defeated. Hermann saved Sigismund's life. The two escaped the battlefield on the same fishing boat and underwent a long journey back to Hungary together. Sigismund rewarded Hermann by assigning to him the district of Varaždin in 1397, followed in 1399 by various other districts in Zagorje along the ...
In 1426, the Kingdom of Bosnia was under constant threat of Ottoman raids. Its king, Tvrtko II, was desperate to obtain Hungarian protection. King Sigismund agreed but under a condition: the childless Tvrtko was to recognize Hermann, his second cousin and Sigismund's father-in-law, as his heir presumptive. The Bosnian nobility was outraged by the demand. Hermann's accession would have meant an increased influence of Hungary over Bosnia, something they were determined to prevent. Besides, they we
Hermann died in Pressburg on 13 October 1435. Tvrtko indeed died childless, but only eight years later, and Hermann thus never became King of Bosnia. As it happened, the Bosnian crown never passed to the House of Celje at all. Hermann was buried in the Pleterje Charterhouse, a monastery he had founded in 1403 as the last Carthusian monastery in the Slovene lands. The Celje were recognized as princes of the Holy Roman Empire a year following his death, though there is spurious evidence that sugge
Hermann married Anna, a daughter of Henry VII, Count of Schaunberg. They had six children who survived infancy: 1. Frederick II, married first to Elizabeth of Frankopan, had issue; married second to Veronika of Desenice, had issue; 2. Hermann III, married first to Elizabeth of Ab
Through his granddaughter Elzabeth of Austria, Queen of Poland, Hermann is the ancestor of the last five Jagiellonian kings of Poland, Saint Casimir, and the Vasa kings of Poland. Through her sister Anne of Luxembourg, Landgravine of Thuringia, he is the ancestor of the Dukes and
- Life and achievements
- Marriage and issue
Ulrich I, Count of Celje, was a Styrian nobleman and condottiere, who was head of the House of Celje between 1359 and 1368, together with his younger brother Hermann I. During his reign, the House of Celje became one of the most powerful noble houses in the territory of present-day Slovenia, and laid the basis for its expansion to neighboring Slavonia and Croatia in the next generation. Ulrich's skills as a military commander are usually credited for the House of Celje's acceptance into the circ
Little is known of Ulrich's early life. He was the firstborn son of Frederick, first Count of Celje, and his wife Diemut Wallsee. Frederick had inherited the Celje Castle and the surrounding estates through his mother Catherine, daughter of the last Carinthian Count of Heunburg and Agnes of Baden, the unsuccessful claimant to the Babenberg inheritance. The Counts of Celje owed their success to the allegiance to the Habsburgs. Like his father before him, Ulrich served as the Landeshauptmann of th
Ulrich married Adelaide of Ortenburg, daughter of the powerful Carinthian count of Ortenburg. The marriage strengthened the alliance between the two houses. Only one son, William, survived into adulthood from this union. He married Anna of Poland, and had one daughter, Anna of Celje, who would become Polish queen consort by her marriage to Vladislav II.
The Counts of Celje were the most known residents of Celje Castle. The most influential noble family in Slovenian history was first known under the name Lords of Sanneck. In 1341, Frederick I was named Count of Celje by the Emperor Louis IV and with that the great era of the Counts of Celje began.
Frederick I of Celje: With him, the winning line of the Counts of Celje started. The last Lord of Sanneck and the first Count of Celje was Frederick I, son of Ulrich II of Sanneck and Countess Catherine of Heunburg. After the extinction of the Heunburg men line in the early 14 th century, Frederick inherited numerous estates and castles.
Counts of Celje - William, Count of Celje - Anna of Cilli - Casimir III the Great - Hedwig of Sagan - Louis I of Hungary - Hedwig Jagiellon (1408–1431) - Holy Roman Empire - Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569) - Duke of Teck - Władysław II Jagiełło - Jadwiga of Poland - Elizabeth Granowska - Sophia of Halshany - Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg - Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg ...
Frederick I, Count of Celje (1300-59) Frederick I, Duke of Athens (died 1355) Frederick I, Elector of Saxony (1370–1428), "the Belligerent" or "the Warlike" Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg (1371–1440), also Burgrave of Nuremberg (as Frederick VI) Frederick I, Count of Vaudémont (1371–1415) Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg ...
May 23, 2018 · Hermann II of Celje. Hermann II; (c. 1365 – 13 October 1435) was a Count of Celje and Ban of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia. Hermann was the son of Hermann I, Count of Cilli, and his wife Katerina of Bosnia. Her maternal grandfather was Stephen II Kotromanić. About 1377, Hermann II married Anna, Countess of Schaunberg.